unconditional basic income

wikipedia small

An unconditional basic income (also called basic income, basic income guarantee, universal basic income, universal demogrant, or citizen’s income) is a form of social security system in which all citizens or residents of a country regularly receive an unconditional sum of money, either from a government or some other public institution, in addition to any income received from elsewhere.

A basic income of any amount less than the social minimum is sometimes referred to as a “partial basic income”.

Similar proposals for “capital grants provided at the age of majority” date to Thomas Paine’s Agrarian Justice of 1795, there paired with asset-based egalitarianism. The phrase “social dividend” was commonly used as a synonym for basic income in the English-speaking world before 1986, after which the phrase “basic income” gained widespread currency. Prominent advocates of the concept include Philippe Van Parijs, Ailsa McKay, André Gorz, and Guy Standing.

Guy Standing

Roland Duchâtelet

money ness

 money less


intro’d to eci here on the global voices hangout linked (and embedded) below about..

unconditional basic income:

unconditional basic income

hosted by Sahar Habib Ghazir, deputy editor for global voices..

alternative to work.. basic income exists.. – Martin

agree with comments on laziness.. big concern, except when talking about self.. so.. this is very controversial and so going to be a very long debate.- Carlos

laziness – people worried about it – until you ask about them personally – and they say – no i wouldn’t want to just be lazy – .. the system works so bad – we can’t even imagine it differently – Stan

we took signatures for 1.5 years.. and will take another 2 years to vote – Anne 

the point isn’t so much how much – but that it’s unconditional and universal.. – Stan

everyone deserves a means to live and do the things that are most important to them.. – Barb

can we hasten this?

The Basic Income proposal is being presented by citizens from 15 EU member states(Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, United Kingdom).

This Friday on GV Face I speak to activists gathering signatures and raising awareness about the need for Basic Income.

Stanislas Jourdan | Main coordinator for European Citizens’ Initiative for Unconditional Basic Income in France

Martin Jordö | Main coordinator forEuropean Citizens’ Initiative for Unconditional Basic Income in Sweden

Carlos Arias| Global Voices Contributor in Spain

Anne-Béatrice Duparc | Switzerland

Barb Jacobson | UK


article in the us…

five economic reforms

A universal basic income, combined with a job guarantee and other social programs, could make participation in the labor force truly voluntary, thereby enabling people to get a life.

A universal basic income would address this epidemic at the root and provide everyone, in the words of Duke professor Kathi Weeks, “time to cultivate new needs for pleasures, activities, senses, passions, affects, and socialities that exceed the options of working and saving, producing and accumulating.”

1. Guaranteed Work for Everybody
2. Social Security for All 
3. Take Back The Land 
4. Make Everything Owned by Everybody
5. A Public Bank in Every State

resonating with 2, 3, and 4.. and 1 only if work is per choice.. not sure why we need banks…




for the people, a job merely serves as a conduit for income, and consequently, the crisis is not an “employment crisis” but an “income crisis.”

“Unemployment is not a disease that needs to be cured by creating more employment. Unemployment is the cure. So we devised a better system.”

The solution to all of this is simple, really:

Pay people to create shared infrastructure.


india basic income pilot (2013) findings:


  • During the course of the pilots, cash grant households reported a lower incidence of common illnesses.
  • Cash grants benefited those with disabilities even more than others, by enabling them to have more access to food and to medical assistance.
  • Contrary to a common criticism of cash transfers, cash grants were associated with an increase in labour and work.


jan 2015

Why the Tech Elite Is Getting Behind Universal Basic Income


Like pretty much all the shortcut solutions Silicon Valley offers, basic income would have its perks, but it isn’t enough to solve our real problems on its own. 

A basic income designed by venture capitalists in Silicon Valley is more likely to reinforce their power than to strengthen the poor. But a basic income arrived at through the vision and the struggle of those who need it most would help ensure that it meets their needs first. If we’re looking for a way through the robot apocalypse, we can do better than turn to the people who are causing it.


jan 2015:

We’ll be discussing the possible concerns and solutions regarding the funding of a basic income http://t.co/sSGVWtlTay live in 30 min

Original Tweet: https://twitter.com/LivingIncome/status/556881418077622272

The Universal Basic Income movement is increasingly gaining support on both the right and left side of the political spectrum. The biggest hurdle on the road between concept and implementation seems to remain the affordability of the project. We’ll be discussing the possible concerns and solutions’ regarding the funding of a basic income, as well as the role taxation takes within its funding. You’re welcome to post any questions and comments throughout our Live discussion with Maite Zamora Moreno from Living Income Guaranteed Movement.

suggested basic income for those not working.. for whatever reason.. and people working get double that. – not sure who’s talking (Maite is talking mostly – other is asking/posing-questions/summary)

funding of income – how is it different than universal basic income – Maite – using companies related to human rights or natural resources.. then to use the profits of those companies toward funding of living income – we’re not suggesting nationalizing companies..

– –

from living income google plus feed – this video on ie’s in india:

via article from Guy Standing

Basic income paid to the poor can transform lives


people given unconditional money in india – worked more, et al..

The only condition was that every adult had to open a bank or co-operative account within three months, into which the basic income was paid. Despite scepticism from our advisory board, a 98% bank account rate was achieved in that period; the rest followed.


feb 2015 – basic income – belgium – via Michel



mar 2015:

minimum basic income



from Jill Leovy’s ghettoside (the epilogue):

the federal second chance act in 2005 inspired new efforts to provide ssi (supplemental security income, a payment available to people with disabilities) to prisoners upon reentry; many prisoners qualify, since a third of the state’s inmates have been diagnosed with mental illness. as we have seen, autonomy counters homicide. cold cash paid out to individuals is a powerful thing; this author has watched ssi transform many aspects of life in south central los angeles over about a decade, but the change for indigent black men has been especially dramatic.


money translates to autonomy, economic autonomy is like legal autonomy. it helps break apart homicidal enclaves by reducing interdependence and lowering the stakes of conflicts. the many indigent black men who now report themselves to be “on disability” – many of them with mental disabilities, such as add and bipolar disorder – signal an unprecedented income stream for a population that once suffered near-absolute economic marginalization. an eight-hundred-dollar-a-month check for an unemployed black ex-felon makes a big difference in his life.

the risks and benefits of various hustles surely appear different to him. he can move, ditch his homeys, commit fewer crimes, walk away from more fights. doubtless many people will criticize this trend and decry the expense of ssi. bu this author can’t condemn a program that appears to have saved so many from being murdered or maimed.



Imagine the social progress and technological advances that would be possible if we could only free people to do the things that they love doing.


posted june 2015 – not sure when it was written – utrecht experimenting with basic income for the summer



july 2015 – 30 dutch communities to experiment with versions of bi


– – –

more on utrecht’s yr long experiment starting fall 2015..


Welfare recipients in Utrecht lose their benefits if they can’t find a job, signaling that mistrust, Hartogs tells Business Insider.

“In our scientific experiment,” she says, “we will approach people with less or no rules, to see whether they still make an effort.”

Researchers from the city council and University of Utrecht will separate at least 250 welfare recipients into five groups: a control group operating under the current laws, three groups with fewer rules, and an unconditional income group that receives money no matter what.

If the system pans out favorably, it could be the first concrete example that basic income works.



dec 2015

Finland plans to scrap existing benefits schemes, and give every citizen a basic income of 800 euros a month.https://t.co/MNiUTohvef

Original Tweet: https://twitter.com/exiledsurfer/status/673243972849041408


1/26/16 5:44 AM
This Monday in Oxford Marcus Brancaglione will talk about the ReCivitas project in Brazil…. fb.me/OnMPPqgQ



Updated for 2016: An introduction to Basic Income. No work – how would you spend your day? steveworsley.com/on/basic-income

from 2016 –

There are at least discussions about conducting experiments by some governments. At the moment it’s about convincing people to invest in research.

? more research.. seems we have enough.. (just been ignored or mal practiced).. perhaps what we need is to just do it..

a nother way

for (blank)’s sake

ie: 1 yr to try commons via short bp ness be\cause short ness

plans for experiments


There are a few cities who would like to run Basic Income experiments in the Netherlands and the Dutch Ministry of Social Affairs wants them to team up together to run one experiment across the different cities.

It was also reported (Guardian, BBC, Quartz) that the Finnish government commissioned a national social insurance provider to calculate the costs and run an experiment on Basic Income. However KELA are still working out how to run the experiment. If it does get approved it will be run in 2017.

In America Y-Combinator, a start-up incubator, have put out a Request for Research and want to fund a researcher to work full-time for 5 years.

In the UK Caroline Lucas from the Green party has put a motion in place to discuss the possibility of commissioning research.

on y combinators.. via Sam


We’re going to try something new—our first Request For Research.

We’d like to fund a study on basic income—i.e., giving people enough money to live on with no strings attached.  I’ve been intrigued by the idea for a while, and although there’s been a lot of discussion, there’s fairly little data about how it would work.
It’s true that we have systems in place to give people resources, but the bureaucracy and qualification requirements make it a very imperfect approximation of what most people mean when talking about a basic income.  We have some examples of something close to a basic income in other countries, but we’d like to see how it would work in the US.
Our idea is to give a basic income to a group of people in the US for a 5 year period, though we’re flexible on that and all aspects of the project—we are far from experts on this kind of research.  We’d be especially interested in a combination of selecting people at random, and selecting people who are driven and talented but come from poor backgrounds.  We’re open to doing this in either one geographic area, or nationally distributed.

here’s hoping they’re looking for a change rather than just a report..

a nother way via short bp .. for (blank)’s sake

ie: 1 yr to try commons ness… basic income ness.. radical econ ness..

What can we do in the meantime while governments consider researching Basic Income? Crowdfund our own, of course! Scott Santens and Sjir Hoeijmakers have set up their own crowdfunding pages to try and garner enough support to provide a Basic Income allowing them the time to research and report back on what it’s like to live on one.

post ended w/ a film of last job on earth  – to that.. graeber jobless law

no jobs graeber


mar 2016

Canada plans to experiment with giving people unconditional free money read.bi/1LYUpQo pic.twitter.com/GLONVqHYLi

The premise: Send people monthly checks to cover living expenses such as food, transportation, clothing, and utilities — no questions asked.

It’s a radical idea, and one that has been around since the 1960s. It’s called “basic income.” In the decades since it was first proposed, various researchers and government officials have given basic income experiments a try, with mixed results.

mixed results perhaps because we tend to ignore and/or corrupt no strings part



Guaranteed Basic Income. Would it improve quality of life, reduce some of the govt’s social expenses?


What Would Happen If We Just Gave People Money? fivethirtyeight.com/features/unive… #basicincome by @andrewflowers

We limit ourselves too much,” Straub said. “I’m interested in consciousness, expanding consciousness. And basic income is a wonderful tool for that — it challenges a lot of assumptions we have.”

it’s a great jumpstart/placebo.. but begs to be temporary.. or we’ll end up back where we are. if we seek capabilities of humanity.. we’ve got to disengage from measuring transactions… otherwise just a kinder compromise..limit of consciousness.. et al.

Those with a more utopian bent, such as the organizers of the Swiss referendum, want to open up more options, to let people create art and free the world of what Straub calls “bullshit jobs.”

actually graeber.. as article notes

Both lovers and haters of basic income often miss an important point: We don’t have great data on how it would work or what would happen if it did. Similar policies were tested in both Canada and the U.S. in the 1960s and ’70s, but studies of their effects were either flawed or abandoned. “To be honest, a full long-term universal basic income has never been tried, let alone rigorously evaluated,” said Michael Faye, the co-founder and executive chairman of Give Directly, a nonprofit that has pioneered direct cash transfers to the extreme poor, primarily in Kenya and Uganda.

we have enough data.. spot on about flawed or abandoned..

key isn’t to evaluate.. key is to let go. we know enough (data wise and in our hearts) that nothing else is working and that when people are set free.. they seek good.

It’s harder, amid government austerity, to argue for more generous benefits, though many supporters of basic income would like to see spending increase.

just one.. of a myriad of reasons.. it should just be temporary/placebo.. or not at all.. we’re too caught up in thinking money/consumerism is an essential to being human

Controversy erupted when data from the Seattle and Denver studies seemed to show an increase in the divorce rate among participants (those findings were later discovered to be the result of a statistical error).

even if divorce rate increased… doesn’t mean – not thinking about money/debt – isn’t the answer.. we have deeper issues.. how we do marriage is one of them

ie: short

Plans are still in early development but the study will “most likely be a randomized control trial,” said Krisiloff. That means giving cash to randomly selected Americans, hopefully over a long period. “To really do this well, you’d have to do it on a large swath of the nation,” Krisiloff acknowledged. The ultimate goal, he hinted, will be to inspire some local or state government to launch a basic income pilot of its own.

i don’t think it can happen random/dispersed like this.. everyone in local community has to be a part.. modeling a fractal world.

Wenger wants less time spent on tasks that could be automated and more time spent on issues he thinks are insufficiently addressed: fighting climate change, exploring space, preventing the next global pandemic.

i think we’d be blown away.. ie: wouldn’t need to be fighting anything..

Like the backers of basic income in Switzerland, he thinks providing for basic needs will allow innovation to flourish. With a basic income, he said, “you’re put in charge of your time. You’ll have 100 percent of your time available to you.”

spot on with 100% ness.. 100% time.. but also has to be 100% people.. all of us.. or it won’t work..

ie: www ness

Others have crowdfunded their own basic income. About two years ago, Scott Santens, a New Orleans-based writer, discovered Patreon, a Kickstarter-like crowdfunding site with a focus on creative types.

closer.. but still a compromise.. time spent on this..ie: watching palmer (patreon) and heap (ethereum)..

a nother way

[io dance/hosting life bits (blockchain/stack ness: replace server farms – chip energy efficient –dna\ness)

ps in the open (idiosyncratic jargon)
decision making/B redefined via self-talk as data
rna ness – entropy ness
on leap frogging – for (blank)’s sake
gupta roadblock law
3 ship  [a kids’ bookan app/chipan experiment]
short  [deep problem,simple mechanism,opensystem]
short bp


calm tech]


basic income earth network

the work ethic

Jane Costello


Evelyn Forget

radical econ

rat park ness – luxury of something else to do

givedirectly – planning long term bi in kenya (2016)

Guy.. Rutger.. Philippe..

Scott Santens

on min wage not being enough:


There is no state in the country in which a minimum-wage worker can afford a two-bedroom apartment.

While stagnant wages for lower-income workers are contributing to rental affordability challenges, the findings suggest a dearth of low-cost supply is also a culprit.

Of 370,000 multifamily rental units completed from 2012 to 2014 in 54 U.S. metropolitan areas, 82% were in the luxury category, well out of reach for low-income earners, according to CoStar Group Inc., a real-estate research firm.

There is no relief in sight for renters who make the minimum wage blogs.wsj.com/economics/2016… via@just_shelter


netherlands 2017 – 250 residents in utrecht

The Netherlands money 4 nothing experiment #UBI @TheAtlantic @peerby @gorenflo @AntoLeonard @lesamitchell @BobLitan https://t.co/Yxx9BziN60

Original Tweet: https://twitter.com/instigating/status/746395618449330178



Well worth reading. Anyone enamored of #basicincome should read and take into account. #nexteconomy


Great piece from @dylanmatt: the premise #basicincome solves a political economy problem doesn’t have much evidence vox.com/2016/7/16/1194…

crazy number crunching.. imagine if we disengaged from money/measuring transactions… imagine the energy save.. the equity gleaned..

I like the concept of UBI, and I like the proposals that were in that Wisconsin plan, but I had somewhat of the same reaction to the Wisconsin plan. To me, it doesn’t help get us to where we have to go. It’s so big and expensive that I don’t see it being taken seriously within the political system. The problem with all those plans is how to pay for it and where the money would come from.

why it begs to simply be a temp/placebo – time for people to not think about money .. so we can disengage from money

I very much agree with the guaranteed income goal. The question is how do you get there, and, given the math and US political culture and budget politics, make sure that one is making progress toward that rather than going in the wrong direction?

perhaps we need a disengage from the math..

I would view UBI proposals like Charles Murray’s, or even other proposals that don’t eliminate Social Security or Medicare but do eliminate all or most means-tested programs, as clearly steps backward when you do the math.

Having said that, I do think that while it’s hard for me, because of the attitudes you’ve mentioned, to see universal children’s allowances for the foreseeable future, I do think there’s a clear path toward making however much progress you can make toward that. We have the child tax credit. I


bi for scotland

The Independent (@Independent) tweeted at 2:48 AM – 24 Nov 2016 :

Scotland could trial giving each citizen a universal basic income https://t.co/exRjN2mzfj (http://twitter.com/Independent/status/801724157897637889?s=17)

nice… but not enough.. go deeper..


The Basic Income 101 article I wrote for the World Economic Forum is available on Medium too. If you recommend it… https://t.co/zZPJ2ExOyZ

Original Tweet: https://twitter.com/scottsantens/status/822191252561154050



money ness




To change people’s minds would take a bold, broad and far-reaching communication strategy.  It would need to reach deep into culture, utilise the popularising power of advertising and harness support from all corners.  It would be the kind of strategy that a political group or an art group would write up as a manifesto
ie: refugee camps – anywhere.. but local.. perhaps nederland [3d printing meets hexayurt.. makes it circular…no..?..very eagle and condor ish] – w hexayurts and/or 3d printed and/or crate houses.. whatever..
UBI needs artists as much as artists need a basic income.  And we all need artists because artists create markets.  Artistic renaissance in a city creates demand across the whole economy.
disagree with first two sentences.. 3rd is true.. but we’re not unleashing the imagination enough of what economy ness could be.. ie: no money.. money is made up
If you want to change the way people think, you need to change the way they feel.  Universal Basic Income is for everyone.  It’s not a perk nor an attack, it’s an *opportunity to revolutionise how we live our everyday lives.  Everyone deserves it, everyone’s BI. 
We have nothing to lose but the insecurity that keeps us docile.  We are a popular front of the powerful and our most powerful weapon is art.
The earth’s natural bounty belongs to all, as Paine pointed out. If the commons know no borders, why should a commons-linked income
why even have a commons linked income..?
If implemented more broadly, it might help eliminate “bullshit jobs”
46 min – Brian: all relatives brilliant in diff ways.. but all in traps.. because poor.. no freedom to experiment.. to move away from the postman job they had..
48 min – Brian: i had a real stroke of luck..  ie: after free art school.. govt paid for me.. essentially bi.. to be on dole for a year.. could try being an artist.. i knew if i had a job i wouldn’t become an artist.. because i’d be paying rent et al.. then i joined a band and everything worked out fine
49 min – Brian: the more i realize it though.. the luck i had then.. is not available to people now
51 min – Brian: noticed in last 20 yrs.. isn’t how world is anymore
was it ever..? for everyone..?
Brian: most important thing about bi.. it stops life being completely precarious for people..
52 min – Brian: on ideas forming because relatives happen to give money.. to really level playing field.. to make it possible for all to have chance to make an experiment.. have to have a safety net of some kind..
53 min – Brian: growing up seeing so much creativity wasted.. and now.. living in world where we need as much creativity as we can get.. we really need everybody to be contributing.. bi seems to be the most obvious and simple solution...
but still compromises us.. because still have the measure ness messing with value/life/eudaimonia ness
57 min – Brian: on rich expecting to get something back from bi.. has to start w ed system.. tragedy w ed.. not talking about things happening now.. understanding how big systems working.. ways of engaging children in new way.. my theory.. start with their lives.. use that as basis of ed..
‘UBI citizen little more than allegiance to system of rationing..must not be end goal’- GG on @RealMediaGB
‘what amount of luxury we actually need’

telling you value comes from paperwork rather than what anyone does

thing (those on top) fear most.. people that have basic securities and time
have this notion value comes from labor.. but also.. value comes from production.. where.. most labor is not productive.. it’s not about making things .. it’s about keeping things the same.. ie: caregiving..
work is valuable in itself.. valuable even if don’t get anything out of it

what makes work valuable.. it’s a form of care for other people.. and nobody can decide how that happens other than the people doing it

something like bi can help us re evaluate what we value about what we do

bi as temp placebo..


michel share via anna blume – ubi coin


It provides a technological solution to the *Double Coincidence of Wants problem in currencies and any value **exchange.

maybe.. but not for humanity.. (maté basic needs and 10 day cares et al)

*double coin

perhaps exchange ness is the problem

“Poverty isn’t a lack of character, it’s a lack of cash!”

depends on how you define poverty.. and if you realize cash is made up et al

Inspired by the Bancor Protocol, the UBIcoin presents a tool for issuing and distributing smart tokens with the view to empower people and their communities. Local currencies are not new. Many existing local currencies have been creating real value for their users, but often their trade volume is too small to achieve liquidity. Bancor Protocol makes it possible to achieve liquidity regardless of the size of token. So creating a basic income that is tradable becomes possible. It will definitely empower people and their communities.

empower people..? or get/keep people to focus on power/math over people/love

when the power of love over comes the love of power.. peace..

What good will this system do? Well, the UBIcoin will *motivate people to become active not only as consumers but also as producers within their community. They will get a much broader perspective on what already has **value in a community and they can trade their own talents, goods and services with people in their own or other communities.

*wrong motivation.. killing us.. energy is what we need/crave

**value.. who decides..

They can also achieve bigger things, such as *building a school together, producing food or taking care of their vulnerable family members by donating smart tokens to them.

*? – how are schools helping us now..? perpetuating this broken loop.. yeah that


Fabiana Cecin (@fabianacecin) tweeted at 5:31 PM on Tue, Jun 20, 2017:
UBI is a system that is aware of people that exist. ONLY an identification system can support an UBI-by-construction monetary system.

perhaps why ubi can’t be our answer – id ness.. is a measurement that compromises us


The Alternative UK (@AlterUK21) tweeted at 1:36 AM on Wed, Jun 21, 2017:
UBI advances, by experiment and legislation, in Finland and Hawaii: https://t.co/vDiXYMOKKShttps://t.co/xllymANsw9