unconditional basic income
An unconditional basic income (also called basic income, basic income guarantee, universal basic income, universal demogrant, or citizen’s income) is a form of social security system in which all citizens or residents of a country regularly receive an unconditional sum of money, either from a government or some other public institution, in addition to any income received from elsewhere.
A basic income of any amount less than the social minimum is sometimes referred to as a “partial basic income”.
Similar proposals for “capital grants provided at the age of majority” date to Thomas Paine’s Agrarian Justice of 1795, there paired with asset-based egalitarianism. The phrase “social dividend” was commonly used as a synonym for basic income in the English-speaking world before 1986, after which the phrase “basic income” gained widespread currency. Prominent advocates of the concept include Philippe Van Parijs, Ailsa McKay, André Gorz, and Guy Standing.
intro’d to eci here on the global voices hangout linked (and embedded) below about..
unconditional basic income:
hosted by Sahar Habib Ghazir, deputy editor for global voices..
alternative to work.. basic income exists.. – Martin
agree with comments on laziness.. big concern, except when talking about self.. so.. this is very controversial and so going to be a very long debate.- Carlos
laziness – people worried about it – until you ask about them personally – and they say – no i wouldn’t want to just be lazy – .. the system works so bad – we can’t even imagine it differently – Stan
we took signatures for 1.5 years.. and will take another 2 years to vote – Anne
the point isn’t so much how much – but that it’s unconditional and universal.. – Stan
everyone deserves a means to live and do the things that are most important to them.. – Barb
can we hasten this?
The Basic Income proposal is being presented by citizens from 15 EU member states(Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, United Kingdom).
This Friday on GV Face I speak to activists gathering signatures and raising awareness about the need for Basic Income.
Stanislas Jourdan | Main coordinator for European Citizens’ Initiative for Unconditional Basic Income in France
Martin Jordö | Main coordinator forEuropean Citizens’ Initiative for Unconditional Basic Income in Sweden
Carlos Arias| Global Voices Contributor in Spain
Anne-Béatrice Duparc | Switzerland
Barb Jacobson | UK
article in the us…
A universal basic income, combined with a job guarantee and other social programs, could make participation in the labor force truly voluntary, thereby enabling people to get a life.
A universal basic income would address this epidemic at the root and provide everyone, in the words of Duke professor Kathi Weeks, “time to cultivate new needs for pleasures, activities, senses, passions, affects, and socialities that exceed the options of working and saving, producing and accumulating.”
1. Guaranteed Work for Everybody
2. Social Security for All
3. Take Back The Land
4. Make Everything Owned by Everybody
5. A Public Bank in Every State
resonating with 2, 3, and 4.. and 1 only if work is per choice.. not sure why we need banks…
for the people, a job merely serves as a conduit for income, and consequently, the crisis is not an “employment crisis” but an “income crisis.”
“Unemployment is not a disease that needs to be cured by creating more employment. Unemployment is the cure. So we devised a better system.”
The solution to all of this is simple, really:
Pay people to create shared infrastructure.
india basic income pilot (2013) findings:
- During the course of the pilots, cash grant households reported a lower incidence of common illnesses.
- Cash grants benefited those with disabilities even more than others, by enabling them to have more access to food and to medical assistance.
- Contrary to a common criticism of cash transfers, cash grants were associated with an increase in labour and work.
Why the Tech Elite Is Getting Behind Universal Basic Income
Like pretty much all the shortcut solutions Silicon Valley offers, basic income would have its perks, but it isn’t enough to solve our real problems on its own.
A basic income designed by venture capitalists in Silicon Valley is more likely to reinforce their power than to strengthen the poor. But a basic income arrived at through the vision and the struggle of those who need it most would help ensure that it meets their needs first. If we’re looking for a way through the robot apocalypse, we can do better than turn to the people who are causing it.
We’ll be discussing the possible concerns and solutions regarding the funding of a basic income http://t.co/sSGVWtlTay live in 30 min
Original Tweet: https://twitter.com/LivingIncome/status/556881418077622272
The Universal Basic Income movement is increasingly gaining support on both the right and left side of the political spectrum. The biggest hurdle on the road between concept and implementation seems to remain the affordability of the project. We’ll be discussing the possible concerns and solutions’ regarding the funding of a basic income, as well as the role taxation takes within its funding. You’re welcome to post any questions and comments throughout our Live discussion with Maite Zamora Moreno from Living Income Guaranteed Movement.
suggested basic income for those not working.. for whatever reason.. and people working get double that. – not sure who’s talking (Maite is talking mostly – other is asking/posing-questions/summary)
funding of income – how is it different than universal basic income – Maite – using companies related to human rights or natural resources.. then to use the profits of those companies toward funding of living income – we’re not suggesting nationalizing companies..
from living income google plus feed – this video on ie’s in india:
via article from Guy Standing
Basic income paid to the poor can transform lives
people given unconditional money in india – worked more, et al..
The only condition was that every adult had to open a bank or co-operative account within three months, into which the basic income was paid. Despite scepticism from our advisory board, a 98% bank account rate was achieved in that period; the rest followed.
feb 2015 – basic income – belgium – via Michel
minimum basic income
from Jill Leovy’s ghettoside (the epilogue):
the federal second chance act in 2005 inspired new efforts to provide ssi (supplemental security income, a payment available to people with disabilities) to prisoners upon reentry; many prisoners qualify, since a third of the state’s inmates have been diagnosed with mental illness. as we have seen, autonomy counters homicide. cold cash paid out to individuals is a powerful thing; this author has watched ssi transform many aspects of life in south central los angeles over about a decade, but the change for indigent black men has been especially dramatic.
money translates to autonomy, economic autonomy is like legal autonomy. it helps break apart homicidal enclaves by reducing interdependence and lowering the stakes of conflicts. the many indigent black men who now report themselves to be “on disability” – many of them with mental disabilities, such as add and bipolar disorder – signal an unprecedented income stream for a population that once suffered near-absolute economic marginalization. an eight-hundred-dollar-a-month check for an unemployed black ex-felon makes a big difference in his life.
the risks and benefits of various hustles surely appear different to him. he can move, ditch his homeys, commit fewer crimes, walk away from more fights. doubtless many people will criticize this trend and decry the expense of ssi. bu this author can’t condemn a program that appears to have saved so many from being murdered or maimed.
Imagine the social progress and technological advances that would be possible if we could only free people to do the things that they love doing.
posted june 2015 – not sure when it was written – utrecht experimenting with basic income for the summer
july 2015 – 30 dutch communities to experiment with versions of bi
– – –
more on utrecht’s yr long experiment starting fall 2015..
Welfare recipients in Utrecht lose their benefits if they can’t find a job, signaling that mistrust, Hartogs tells Business Insider.
“In our scientific experiment,” she says, “we will approach people with less or no rules, to see whether they still make an effort.”
Researchers from the city council and University of Utrecht will separate at least 250 welfare recipients into five groups: a control group operating under the current laws, three groups with fewer rules, and an unconditional income group that receives money no matter what.
If the system pans out favorably, it could be the first concrete example that basic income works.
Finland plans to scrap existing benefits schemes, and give every citizen a basic income of 800 euros a month.https://t.co/MNiUTohvef
Original Tweet: https://twitter.com/exiledsurfer/status/673243972849041408
This Monday in Oxford Marcus Brancaglione will talk about the ReCivitas project in Brazil…. fb.me/OnMPPqgQ
Updated for 2016: An introduction to Basic Income. No work – how would you spend your day? steveworsley.com/on/basic-income
from 2016 –
There are at least discussions about conducting experiments by some governments. At the moment it’s about convincing people to invest in research.
? more research.. seems we have enough.. (just been ignored or mal practiced).. perhaps what we need is to just do it..
plans for experiments
There are a few cities who would like to run Basic Income experiments in the Netherlands and the Dutch Ministry of Social Affairs wants them to team up together to run one experiment across the different cities.
It was also reported (Guardian, BBC, Quartz) that the Finnish government commissioned a national social insurance provider to calculate the costs and run an experiment on Basic Income. However KELA are still working out how to run the experiment. If it does get approved it will be run in 2017.
In America Y-Combinator, a start-up incubator, have put out a Request for Research and want to fund a researcher to work full-time for 5 years.
In the UK Caroline Lucas from the Green party has put a motion in place to discuss the possibility of commissioning research.
on y combinators.. via Sam
We’re going to try something new—our first Request For Research.We’d like to fund a study on basic income—i.e., giving people enough money to live on with no strings attached. I’ve been intrigued by the idea for a while, and although there’s been a lot of discussion, there’s fairly little data about how it would work.It’s true that we have systems in place to give people resources, but the bureaucracy and qualification requirements make it a very imperfect approximation of what most people mean when talking about a basic income. We have some examples of something close to a basic income in other countries, but we’d like to see how it would work in the US.[..]Our idea is to give a basic income to a group of people in the US for a 5 year period, though we’re flexible on that and all aspects of the project—we are far from experts on this kind of research. We’d be especially interested in a combination of selecting people at random, and selecting people who are driven and talented but come from poor backgrounds. We’re open to doing this in either one geographic area, or nationally distributed.
here’s hoping they’re looking for a change rather than just a report..
What can we do in the meantime while governments consider researching Basic Income? Crowdfund our own, of course! Scott Santens and Sjir Hoeijmakers have set up their own crowdfunding pages to try and garner enough support to provide a Basic Income allowing them the time to research and report back on what it’s like to live on one.
post ended w/ a film of last job on earth – to that.. graeber jobless law
The premise: Send people monthly checks to cover living expenses such as food, transportation, clothing, and utilities — no questions asked.
It’s a radical idea, and one that has been around since the 1960s. It’s called “basic income.” In the decades since it was first proposed, various researchers and government officials have given basic income experiments a try, with mixed results.
mixed results perhaps because we tend to ignore and/or corrupt no strings part
Guaranteed Basic Income. Would it improve quality of life, reduce some of the govt’s social expenses?
We limit ourselves too much,” Straub said. “I’m interested in consciousness, expanding consciousness. And basic income is a wonderful tool for that — it challenges a lot of assumptions we have.”
it’s a great jumpstart/placebo.. but begs to be temporary.. or we’ll end up back where we are. if we seek capabilities of humanity.. we’ve got to disengage from measuring transactions… otherwise just a kinder compromise..limit of consciousness.. et al.
Those with a more utopian bent, such as the organizers of the Swiss referendum, want to open up more options, to let people create art and free the world of what Straub calls “bullshit jobs.”
actually graeber.. as article notes
Both lovers and haters of basic income often miss an important point: We don’t have great data on how it would work or what would happen if it did. Similar policies were tested in both Canada and the U.S. in the 1960s and ’70s, but studies of their effects were either flawed or abandoned. “To be honest, a full long-term universal basic income has never been tried, let alone rigorously evaluated,” said Michael Faye, the co-founder and executive chairman of Give Directly, a nonprofit that has pioneered direct cash transfers to the extreme poor, primarily in Kenya and Uganda.
we have enough data.. spot on about flawed or abandoned..
key isn’t to evaluate.. key is to let go. we know enough (data wise and in our hearts) that nothing else is working and that when people are set free.. they seek good.
It’s harder, amid government austerity, to argue for more generous benefits, though many supporters of basic income would like to see spending increase.
just one.. of a myriad of reasons.. it should just be temporary/placebo.. or not at all.. we’re too caught up in thinking money/consumerism is an essential to being human
Controversy erupted when data from the Seattle and Denver studies seemed to show an increase in the divorce rate among participants (those findings were later discovered to be the result of a statistical error).
even if divorce rate increased… doesn’t mean – not thinking about money/debt – isn’t the answer.. we have deeper issues.. how we do marriage is one of them
Plans are still in early development but the study will “most likely be a randomized control trial,” said Krisiloff. That means giving cash to randomly selected Americans, hopefully over a long period. “To really do this well, you’d have to do it on a large swath of the nation,” Krisiloff acknowledged. The ultimate goal, he hinted, will be to inspire some local or state government to launch a basic income pilot of its own.
i don’t think it can happen random/dispersed like this.. everyone in local community has to be a part.. modeling a fractal world.
Wenger wants less time spent on tasks that could be automated and more time spent on issues he thinks are insufficiently addressed: fighting climate change, exploring space, preventing the next global pandemic.
i think we’d be blown away.. ie: wouldn’t need to be fighting anything..
Like the backers of basic income in Switzerland, he thinks providing for basic needs will allow innovation to flourish. With a basic income, he said, “you’re put in charge of your time. You’ll have 100 percent of your time available to you.”
spot on with 100% ness.. 100% time.. but also has to be 100% people.. all of us.. or it won’t work..
ie: www ness
Others have crowdfunded their own basic income. About two years ago, Scott Santens, a New Orleans-based writer, discovered Patreon, a Kickstarter-like crowdfunding site with a focus on creative types.
closer.. but still a compromise.. time spent on this..ie: watching palmer (patreon) and heap (ethereum)..
givedirectly – planning long term bi in kenya (2016)
on min wage not being enough:
There is no state in the country in which a minimum-wage worker can afford a two-bedroom apartment.
While stagnant wages for lower-income workers are contributing to rental affordability challenges, the findings suggest a dearth of low-cost supply is also a culprit.
Of 370,000 multifamily rental units completed from 2012 to 2014 in 54 U.S. metropolitan areas, 82% were in the luxury category, well out of reach for low-income earners, according to CoStar Group Inc., a real-estate research firm.
netherlands 2017 – 250 residents in utrecht
The Netherlands money 4 nothing experiment #UBI @TheAtlantic @peerby @gorenflo @AntoLeonard @lesamitchell @BobLitan https://t.co/Yxx9BziN60
Original Tweet: https://twitter.com/instigating/status/746395618449330178
crazy number crunching.. imagine if we disengaged from money/measuring transactions… imagine the energy save.. the equity gleaned..
I like the concept of UBI, and I like the proposals that were in that Wisconsin plan, but I had somewhat of the same reaction to the Wisconsin plan. To me, it doesn’t help get us to where we have to go. It’s so big and expensive that I don’t see it being taken seriously within the political system. The problem with all those plans is how to pay for it and where the money would come from.
why it begs to simply be a temp/placebo – time for people to not think about money .. so we can disengage from money
I very much agree with the guaranteed income goal. The question is how do you get there, and, given the math and US political culture and budget politics, make sure that one is making progress toward that rather than going in the wrong direction?
perhaps we need a disengage from the math..
I would view UBI proposals like Charles Murray’s, or even other proposals that don’t eliminate Social Security or Medicare but do eliminate all or most means-tested programs, as clearly steps backward when you do the math.
Having said that, I do think that while it’s hard for me, because of the attitudes you’ve mentioned, to see universal children’s allowances for the foreseeable future, I do think there’s a clear path toward making however much progress you can make toward that. We have the child tax credit. I
The Independent (@Independent) tweeted at 2:48 AM – 24 Nov 2016 :
Scotland could trial giving each citizen a universal basic income https://t.co/exRjN2mzfj (http://twitter.com/Independent/status/801724157897637889?s=17)
nice… but not enough.. go deeper..
The Basic Income 101 article I wrote for the World Economic Forum is available on Medium too. If you recommend it… https://t.co/zZPJ2ExOyZ
Original Tweet: https://twitter.com/scottsantens/status/822191252561154050
Pat Kane (@theplayethic) tweeted at 4:50 AM – 4 Mar 2017 :From @alteruk21, ad guru @pteer does a full “action manifesto” on Universal Basic Income–to persuade the world: https://t.co/iAT8XLEQgC (http://twitter.com/theplayethic/status/837993653444444161?s=17) Phil Teer: Universal Basic Income – an Insurrection of the Imagination from Pat Kane [..] To change people’s minds would take a bold, broad and far-reaching communication strategy. It would need to reach deep into culture, utilise the popularising power of advertising and harness support from all corners. It would be the kind of strategy that a political group or an art group would write up as a manifesto
[..] UBI needs artists as much as artists need a basic income. And we all need artists because artists create markets. Artistic renaissance in a city creates demand across the whole economy.
[..] If you want to change the way people think, you need to change the way they feel. Universal Basic Income is for everyone. It’s not a perk nor an attack, it’s an *opportunity to revolutionise how we live our everyday lives. Everyone deserves it, everyone’s BI.
We have nothing to lose but the insecurity that keeps us docile. We are a popular front of the powerful and our most powerful weapon is art.
Kevin Carson Ⓐ (@KevinCarson1) tweeted at 5:20 PM on Tue, Mar 07, 2017:
Basic income isn’t just a nice idea. It’s a birthright | P2P Foundation https://t.co/HZoEv7enQk
The earth’s natural bounty belongs to all, as Paine pointed out. If the commons know no borders, why should a commons-linked income
If implemented more broadly, it might help eliminate “bullshit jobs”
Basic Income UK (@basicincome_uk) tweeted at 7:10 AM – 10 Mar 2017 :Brilliant convo re tech, politics & #basicincome btw @dark_shark & @evgenymorozov https://t.co/2MrbIBcxT1 UBI starts around 44′ (http://twitter.com/basicincome_uk/status/840203255795896320?s=17) 46 min – Brian: all relatives brilliant in diff ways.. but all in traps.. because poor.. no freedom to experiment.. to move away from the postman job they had.. 48 min – Brian: i had a real stroke of luck.. ie: after free art school.. govt paid for me.. essentially bi.. to be on dole for a year.. could try being an artist.. i knew if i had a job i wouldn’t become an artist.. because i’d be paying rent et al.. then i joined a band and everything worked out fine 49 min – Brian: the more i realize it though.. the luck i had then.. is not available to people now 51 min – Brian: noticed in last 20 yrs.. isn’t how world is anymore
Brian: most important thing about bi.. it stops life being completely precarious for people..
52 min – Brian: on ideas forming because relatives happen to give money.. to really level playing field.. to make it possible for all to have chance to make an experiment.. have to have a safety net of some kind.. 53 min – Brian: growing up seeing so much creativity wasted.. and now.. living in world where we need as much creativity as we can get.. we really need everybody to be contributing.. bi seems to be the most obvious and simple solution...
57 min – Brian: on rich expecting to get something back from bi.. has to start w ed system.. tragedy w ed.. not talking about things happening now.. understanding how big systems working.. ways of engaging children in new way.. my theory.. start with their lives.. use that as basis of ed..
Scott Santens (@scottsantens) tweeted at 0:00 PM on Wed, Mar 22, 2017:
Curious about the long history of the idea of providing everyone a #basicincome? Here’s a great timeline summary. https://t.co/ddFdO9NIDy
Céline (@krustelkram) tweeted at 5:47 AM – 4 Apr 2017 :Capitalism needs unemployment/cheap labor. It needs losers. UBI won’t solve it. But hope something else could grow out of it. https://t.co/op6AykarmV (http://twitter.com/krustelkram/status/849226838970953730?s=17) ‘UBI citizen little more than allegiance to system of rationing..must not be end goal’- GG on @
‘what amount of luxury we actually need’
telling you value comes from paperwork rather than what anyone does
thing (those on top) fear most.. people that have basic securities and time have this notion value comes from labor.. but also.. value comes from production.. where.. most labor is not productive.. it’s not about making things .. it’s about keeping things the same.. ie: caregiving.. work is valuable in itself.. valuable even if don’t get anything out of it
what makes work valuable.. it’s a form of care for other people.. and nobody can decide how that happens other than the people doing it
something like bi can help us re evaluate what we value about what we do
bi as temp placebo..
michel share via anna blume – ubi coin
It provides a technological solution to the *Double Coincidence of Wants problem in currencies and any value **exchange.
perhaps exchange ness is the problem
“Poverty isn’t a lack of character, it’s a lack of cash!”
Inspired by the Bancor Protocol, the UBIcoin presents a tool for issuing and distributing smart tokens with the view to empower people and their communities. Local currencies are not new. Many existing local currencies have been creating real value for their users, but often their trade volume is too small to achieve liquidity. Bancor Protocol makes it possible to achieve liquidity regardless of the size of token. So creating a basic income that is tradable becomes possible. It will definitely empower people and their communities.
empower people..? or get/keep people to focus on power/math over people/love
when the power of love over comes the love of power.. peace..
What good will this system do? Well, the UBIcoin will *motivate people to become active not only as consumers but also as producers within their community. They will get a much broader perspective on what already has **value in a community and they can trade their own talents, goods and services with people in their own or other communities.
*wrong motivation.. killing us.. energy is what we need/crave
**value.. who decides..
They can also achieve bigger things, such as *building a school together, producing food or taking care of their vulnerable family members by donating smart tokens to them.
*? – how are schools helping us now..? perpetuating this broken loop.. yeah that
Fabiana Cecin (@fabianacecin) tweeted at 5:31 PM on Tue, Jun 20, 2017:
UBI is a system that is aware of people that exist. ONLY an identification system can support an UBI-by-construction monetary system.
perhaps why ubi can’t be our answer – id ness.. is a measurement that compromises us
The Alternative UK (@AlterUK21) tweeted at 1:36 AM on Wed, Jun 21, 2017:
UBI advances, by experiment and legislation, in Finland and Hawaii: https://t.co/vDiXYMOKKShttps://t.co/xllymANsw9
Stuart Mark UBI NOW (@UBIsticker) tweeted at 5:00 PM on Wed, Oct 04, 2017:
#BasicIncome Pilot Programs around the world
Basic Income Images (@BasicIncomeIMG) tweeted at 10:21 AM – 8 Oct 2017 :
As long as we’re focused only on survival, we can’t care about much more than that. Survival anxiety must go. With #basicincome, it’s gone. https://t.co/h6k1LJ62Rp (http://twitter.com/BasicIncomeIMG/status/917062280512188416?s=17)
what’s basic.. who decides..will it remain basic..?
a nother way sans money/measuring transactions.. otherwise.. anxiety’s not gone
lisagansky (@instigating) tweeted at 4:54 PM on Wed, Dec 20, 2017:
Defining the #commons newly: … And happy to see alignment begin here for Universl Basic Income — solid base from which to spread #ideawhosetimeisnow #ubi @nataliefoster @ladyniasan @bengansky @Neighborly @meedabyte @mbauwens @tomasdelara @rowemw https://t.co/mPYkrc8Byr
However, the closest thing to the principle of a universal basic income that exists can be found in Alaska. The Permanent Development Fund has been running since 1982, when the government decided to put the proceeds from a portion of their oil and gas resources into a fund. Since then, every year they have split the dividends from that pot equally between every resident of Alaska. The amount is not enough to live off – it has ranged from $300 to over $2,000 – but it may have had an effect: inequality in Alaska decreased during the 1990s and 2000s—the only US state where this was the case.
None of these examples provide conclusive evidence for a basic income. But they do support two ideas: a basic income does not destroy the motivation to work, and people can be trusted to spend it responsibly
perhaps motivation to ‘work’ and spending money is not what it means to be human gotta go deeper
World Economic Forum (@wef) tweeted at 5:22 AM – 29 Jan 2018 :
This US city is launching a basic income experiment https://t.co/tZBTPy3xCV #finance https://t.co/e41qJmC5bI (http://twitter.com/wef/status/957951969301327873?s=17)
The plan is to select a yet undisclosed number of recipients from among Stockton’s 315,000 citizens to receive a fixed $500 monthly income — or $6,000 a year — for the duration of SEED, which Tubbs hope will last three years.
Stockton is an exurb located some 80 kilometers (50 miles) from Berkeley. It became the first U.S. city to file for bankruptcy back in 2012, and five years later, the city is still in the throes of poverty, with an unemployment rate of 7.3 percent — almost twice that of the national average of 4.3 percent. The typical Stockton household’s income is only at $44,797, well below the median household income in California, which is $61,818.
gotta go deeper..
Michel Bauwens (@mbauwens) tweeted at 5:22 AM – 29 Jan 2018 :
RT @basicincome_uk: “If there are 30 mill Google users in Italy, it is fair to tax Google based on the profits they made from these users’ activities. In this way, one could fund a basic income, arising from the digital labour that each of us carries out ” (http://twitter.com/mbauwens/status/957951984908283906?s=17)
even if the answer is money.. (which i don’t believe it is) .. we have the means
It’s Basic Income (@itsbasicincome) tweeted at 6:15 AM – 21 Feb 2018 :
“Basic income is a radical notion. It seems to question the ‘natural order’ of things. But the natural order is just what we’ve become used to..’ as written by #BrianEno in our book ‘It’s Basic Income’ that publishes in 2 weeks! Buy yours now: https://t.co/y5yBRSAmXK #basicincome (http://twitter.com/itsbasicincome/status/966300405897547778?s=17)