[image – refugee camp image page]
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Not actively managing the biggest refugee crisis since World War II is a stain on world’s already horrible history on helping the desperate.
A refugee camp is a temporary settlement built to receive refugees. Camps with over a hundred thousand people are common, but as of 2012 the average camp size is around 11,400. Usually they are built and run by a government, the United Nations, or international organizations, (such as the Red Cross) or NGOs.
Refugee camps are generally set up in an impromptu fashion and designed to meet basic human needs for only a short time. Due to crowding and lack of infrastructure, some refugee camps are unhygienic, leading to a high incidence of infectious diseases, including epidemics. If the return of refugees is prevented (often by civil war), a humanitarian crisis can result.
“Refugee camp” typically describes a settlement of people who have escaped war in their home country and have fled to a country of first asylum, but some camps also house environmental migrants and economic refugees.
Some refugee camps exist for decades and people can stay in refugee camps for decades, both of which have major implications for human rights. Some camps grow into permanent settlements and even merge with nearby older communities, such as Ain al-Hilweh, Lebanon and Deir al-Balah, Palestine.
Refugee camps may sometimes serve as headquarters for recruitment, support and training of guerrilla organizations engaged in fighting in the refugees’ country of origin, often using humanitarian aid to supply their troops. Rwandan refugee camps in the Zaire and Cambodian refugee camps in Thailand supported armed groups until their destruction by the military.
ie: 2015 – wanting to disperse 350000..
Facilities of a refugee camp can include the following:
- An administrative headquarters to coordinate services
- Sleeping accommodations (frequently tents)
- Hygiene facilities (washing areas and latrines or toilets)
peepoople et al
- Clinics, hospitals and immunization centers
theranus et al
- Food distribution and therapeutic feeding centers
- Communication equipment (e.g. radio)
- Security, including protection from banditry (e.g. barriers and security checkpoints) and peacekeeping troops to prevent armed violence
- Places of worship
- Schools and training centers (if permitted by the host country)
- Markets and shops (if permitted by the host country)
Schools and markets may be prohibited by the host country government in order to discourage refugees from settling permanently in camps.
In order to understand and monitor an emergency over a period of time, the development and organisation of the camps can be tracked by satellite and analyzed via GIS.
People may stay in these camps, receiving emergency food and medical aid, until it is safe to return to their homes. In some cases, often after several years, the host country government may prefer to see that refugees are resettled in “third countries” which accept refugees seeking asylum. In other cases, the host country government may choose to forcibly repatriate refugees to their country of origin, in violation of international law.
Although camps are intended to be temporary, it is possible for camps to remain in place for decades. Some Palestinian refugee camps have existed since 1948, while other well-known camps such as Buduburam in Ghana have hosted populations for over 20 years.
Work and employment in refugee camps
The UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has a policy of helping refugees work and be productive, using their existing skills to meet their own needs and needs of the host country, to:
- “Ensure the right of refugees to access work and other livelihood opportunities as they are available for nationals… Match programme interventions with corresponding levels of livelihood capacity (existing livelihood assets such as skills and past work experience) and needs identified in the refugee population, and the demands of the market… Assist refugees in becoming self-reliant. Cash / food / rental assistance delivered through humanitarian agencies should be short-term and conditional and gradually lead to self-reliance activities as part of longer-term development... Convene internal and external stakeholders around the results of livelihood assessments to jointly identify livelihood support opportunities.”
this is the short term – 1 yr to ness – that just needs a placebo-jumpstart and one success is that aid (or placebo or whatever you call it) is no longer needed
If enough aid is provided to refugees, it can help host countries too, through stimulus effects.
like the reverse of revolution. ..the reverse of conferences mentality. ie: rather than everyone coming together at say davos or skoll or lego … (imagining all the resources that go into these gatherings.. not to mention the human prep for pitches/accolading there)… the gatherings that matter are happening in unlikely places, ie: refugee camps.. and the success is that
1\ we no longer need refugee camps (from end to man made technology of war et al) and/or
However refugee support does not usually provide cash to create effective demand, and refugees without cash are restricted by host countries lest they depress wages and opportunities for locals. Host countries also sometimes wish to avoid cultural and political changes that integrating refugees would cause.
[funny – this is given as a bad thing. similar to women wanting their picture on money. as a good thing.]
Globally, about 17 countries (Australia, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Canada, Chile, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Ireland,Mexico, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the United States) regularly accept “quota refugees” from refugee camps. In recent years, most quota refugees have come from Afghanistan,Iran, Iraq, Liberia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, and the former Yugoslavia which have been disrupted by wars and revolutions.
In the context of the Arab-Israeli conflict, Jewish refugees were initially resettled in refugee camps known variously as Immigrant camps, Ma’abarot, and “development towns” prior to absorption into mainstream Israeli society. Conversely, many Palestinian refugees remain settled in Palestinian refugee camps, while others have been absorbed into Jordanian society or the Palestinian territories. Since 1948, the sovereign State of Israel has guaranteed asylum and citizenship to Jewish refugees, while the self-declared State of Palestine remains unable to absorb the Palestinian refugees, due to lack of de facto sovereignty over its claimed territories.
whoa. redefine all that .. no?
Notable refugee camps (leaving links live from wiki page)
- Camps for Syrian refugees in Iraqi Kurdistan, including Domiz in Dohuk Governorate, Arbat in Sulaymaniyah, and Qushtapa, Basirma, Gawilan, Kawergosk and Darashakran in Erbil Governorate.
- Camps in the east of Chad, such as Breidjing Camp, hosting approximately 250,000 refugees from the Darfurregion in Sudan (since 2002)
- Zaatari refugee camp in Jordan, hosting 144,000 Syrian refugees as of July 2013, although the population in November 2013 had dropped to around 112,000 as the Syrian civil war continues.
- Buduburam refugee camp, home to more than 12,000 Liberians (opened 1990)
- Camps in the south of Chad, hosting approximately 50,000 refugees from Central African Republic
- Dadaab refugee camps (Ifo, Dagahaley, Hagadera) in North Eastern Kenya, established in 1991 and now hosting more than 400,000 Somali refugees
- Palestine refugee camps (opened from 1948 and forward)
- Camps on the Thai-Cambodian border between 1979 and 1993:Nong Samet, Nong Chan, Sa Kaeo, Site Two,Khao-I-Dang
- Philippine Refugee Processing Center for Vietnamese, Laotian, and Cambodian refugees fleeing wars in Indochina.
- Sahrawi refugee camps near Tindouf, South Western Algeria (opened circa 1976)
- Camps for Sri Lankan Tamils, established in India in 1983, with over 110,000 refugees by 1998
- Immigrant camps (Israel) (1947–1950) and Ma’abarot transition camps (1950–1963) to accommodate Jewish refugees and immigrants in Israel.
- Niatak refugee camp of Afghan refugees in Iran.
- Lampedusa immigrant reception center for refugees, asylum seekers and illegal immigrants on the Italian island of Lampedusa.
- Ras Ajdir refugee camp on Libyan-Tunisian border, housing more than 30,000 Libyan refugees(opened 2011)
- Hatay Province (Turkey) camps for refugees of the Syrian civil war (opened 2011)
- Dzaleka Refugee Camp in the Dowa District of Malawi.
- Ħal Far, Malta for African illegal immigrants.
how to build a perfect refugee camps 2014:
Turkey long ago exempted itself from any obligation to respond at all. Technically, the 14,000 residents at Kilis are not refugees but “guests” of Turkey. This is not just semantics. The 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees prohibits states from forcing them back over borders into danger and guarantees their right to work, shelter, travel and public assistance. Turkey signed the agreement but did so with a “geographical limitation”: Its mandate applies only to refugees from Europe.
Why would Turkey be so willing to house refugees — and to house them so well at its own expense? Unlike almost all other refugee camps in the world, Kilis is not run by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. Rather, Turkey’s Disaster and Emergency Management Presidency, or AFAD, asked the U.N.H.C.R. for its camp guidelines — minimum distance between tents, and so on — and then designed its own. It staffed the camps with Turkish government employees, allowing in few NGOs and giving those only supporting roles. Except for some relatively minor international donations, the financial responsibility, and all the administrative responsibility, has been Turkey’s alone.
This approach, while costly, has given the Turks a measure of control over every detail — including who is working in their country. Typically, camps are serviced by a number of NGOs, and there can be overlap — or gaps — in the services they provide. The agencies may fight among themselves or clash with local leaders; each has its own hierarchies and staff members, drawn from an unlimited number of nations. Running a camp that way, the Turkish government official speculated, would be complicated: “There’s too many people coming and going. It’s not secure. And it’s distracting.”
As Turkey’s economy has grown, so has its hope of being a significant actor on the geopolitical stage. “The Turks have a burning desire to show the external world how great they’re doing. These camps are a very visible way of doing it. With the assumption that it wouldn’t last long, the cost was worth the benefit.”
There are projected to be 1.5 million Syrian refugees in Turkey by year’s end.
The Turks may have built as good a refugee camp as it is possible to build. But a camp is still a camp. And if a camp becomes a shelter not just for a few months but for years, a substitute — even a deterrent — to a real solution, how much does it matter how nice it is?
For Turkey, the grocery stores are proving comparatively inexpensive. Before the stores opened in October 2012, the Turkish government was spending nearly four times as much on food. Because before that, it was serving the refugees three hot meals a day. Catered.
Worldwide, refugee counts are at their highest since the Rwandan genocide.
whether we are talking literal and/or *figurative refugees, no?
*refugee camp as holding place (from earlier refugee quote), perhaps we include such camps/institutions/technologies as: work, school, norms, dis\orders, labels, slums, prisons, … anything that might fall under the encampment of manufactured consent .. ie: this is for the best and the best we can do..
The camp administrator reports directly to the governor of the region. With its model, Turkey has cut down on some of the major hazards associated with refugee camps: vandalism, theft, sexual assault, diverted supplies. “Any place you have 14,000 people living, and living in that proximity, there are challenges,” Batchelor continued. “But these problems that exist in other camps are much less prevalent there.”
But operating camps this way is expensive. “This has cost them,” Batchelor says. Expenditures at the Kilis camp run to at least $2 million a month. By the end of 2013, the Turkish government had spent $2.5 billion on its Syrian guests, primarily in camps — a figure that has created resentment among Turks.
Sources of aid exist, but as Kamyar Jarahzadeh, the American representative for the Coordination Group of Afghan Refugees in Turkey, pointed out, it’s “piecemeal and hard to get.” (Afghanistan is currently one of the largest countries of origin for Turkey’s refugees — and indeed the largest source of refugees worldwide for the last 32 years.) “Most people we see are getting nothing. There’s no centralized effort, and at the end of the day, even if everyone knew about aid, there wouldn’t be enough to go around.”
Some 400,000 Syrian refugees in Turkey live outside the camps. Those with means settle in apartments; the less fortunate camp in parks and empty lots.
Louis Belanger, then the humanitarian-media officer for Oxfam, told me the organization was struggling to get people to respond to the message that most Syrian refugees were outside camps but equally in need of aid. People somehow saw them as less deserving. “It is difficult to raise the funds for them,” he said.
Given the difficulties of integrating refugees into a host country’s population, those in the camps often end up staying there because aid is more readily available. But there, they can become lost in other ways, inhabiting a constant state of uncertainty.
“More and more refugees in the world in camps are in camps that have been there for a really, really long time,” says Fabos, who now teaches in the International Development and Social Change program at Clark University in Massachusetts. “That wasn’t the original model. Our model was that camps were there just to hold people temporarily until one of these ‘durable solutions’: sending them back home, allowing them to settle where they are — with legal rights — or settle them in a third place.” ..But three years ago, the largest refugee camp in the world, Kenya’s Dadaab, turned 20. It was built for 90,000 refugees. It holds more than 420,000.
“Camps are places where it’s quite straightforward to provide services for people,” Fabos says. “The U.N. and humanitarian agencies are so good at providing resources.” Every day, the World Food Programme alone operates an average of 5,000 trucks, 50 aircraft and 30 ships, as well as trains, river barges, mules, yaks, camels and donkeys. “The problem is when people start living in those situations more than the presumable amount of time that people should be living in those situations. To the U.N.H.C.R., if they live in camp for more than five years, they become an acronym: P.R.S.” — protracted refugee situation — “the majority of encamped refugees are in protracted refugee situations. The state system is more and more unable to accommodate what’s happening on the ground.”
perfect. another way. needed.
By global standards, the Syrian refugees, who have been in camps for up to three years, are new arrivals. Even so, they know what it means to put their lives on hold. “Ninety percent of the guys here are delaying marriage,” Muhammad Deeb, 21, told me. He has set up a clothing shop in a small tent, stocked with merchandise his uncle gave him the money to buy. Other refugees in Kilis, who are not allowed to work outside the camp, have also started businesses of some kind. There are canary stores, falafel stands, bicycle-repair shops and tea shops. There is a tent-size department store selling clothes, glasses and rugs; a coat shop; a jeans shop; a general store; a little joint with two slushy machines churning in two colors (red and orange); a tiny gaming cafe with three computers where a 15- and a 16-year-old sell access to playing Counter-Strike. But these typically offer little if any extra income. At one barbershop, I stopped to ask for a price list, and the proprietor said it was free.
In Syria, he says, in a village of 5,000, there would normally be two weddings a month. Here among Kilis’s 14,000, there’s one wedding a month. “We have no respectable jobs, no house, so no girlfriend,” he said. For now, that’s fine with him. He still expects that the revolution will triumph, and he won’t live here long.
Currently, the number of years a refugee lives in a refugee camp is, on average, 12.
“We hoped it was one month or two months,” one family told me, as we sat in their trailer. “We wake up, we sleep, we wake up, we sleep, we eat food, we always watch TV to see what’s going on. We’re all very bored. There’s no purpose in a life like this. One day is like another.”
Besides the comforts, and the cleanliness, and the impressive facilities of the Kilis camp, there is one important thing to note: Nobody likes living there.
“It’s hard for us,” said Basheer Alito, the section leader who was so effusive in his praise for the camp and the Turks. “Inside, we’re unhappy. In my heart, it’s temporary, not permanent.”
“What if it was permanent?” I asked him.
Quickly, he answered, “It’s impossible to accept this.”
The U.N.H.C.R.’s Batchelor acknowledges that despite the high level of assistance in the camps, “the emotional protection has become quite a challenge.
“In a noncamp setting,” Batchelor went on to say, “if people are able to keep themselves engaged, that provides a healthy outlook, helps establish local integration, keeps alive their skill sets if they repatriate.” The longer a refugee resides in a camp, the harder it can become to sustain psychological well-being. But camps remain the default solution.
the default solution
“Refugee camps have become the mechanism to try to control people,” Fabos says. “They prevent them from interacting with your citizenry. There certainly have been cases where refugee camps are places where exiled political movements will train and collect arms and plan attacks. But it’s also the case that refugee camps don’t provide opportunities for livelihood.
The aid is very small compared to the actual needs.”
reading the god of small things – by Arundhati:
“They provided the care (food, clothes, fees), but withdrew the concern.” amzn.com/k/Jq2JydXVQcyH…
2 needs ness
When it comes to refugees in camps like Kilis, their relatively comfortable existence might make finding meaningful solutions for them less urgent.
Unlike almost all other host countries, Algeria gave its refugees the right to govern themselves. “There, camp is not a place of suffering and hunger,” Herz says. But the flip side is that “there’s very little pressure for Morocco to withdraw because people are not dying anymore.”
why this is a need for global systemic change… they would just be modeling it for the rest of us – with their “time off” ness (rather than waiting for a big enough group of people to take time off to give this a try)
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here is their (ideo’s) research page on refugee camps:
Over 50 million people globally have been forced to flee their homes – leaving behind their schools, jobs and communities. Men, women and children must start again, either in new regions of their home countries or in host countries around the world. Amid uncertainty about the future, one thing is for sure: refugees need skills and information to help them adjust to their new circumstances, integrate into communities and thrive.
perhaps this is the perfect time for global systemic change. and perhaps refugee camps are the perfect place/opportunity to model (for the rest of the world) that a nother way is possible. one that embraces uncertainty by facilitating innate curiosity – making us all antifragile.
ie: rather than waiting/looking for enough people willing to play this game.. (1 yr to be 5, 1 yr to try commons, et al).. realizing there are already – enough eclectic people in spaces.. who might love that we listen to their innate ability to self-organize… rather than give all that up in order to be further oppressed/controlled/prepped – in the guise of aid.
some comments –
on school and the need to fund books, resources, teachers..
you have to use what is in your heart
education for what?
we need a space where we can gather.
so – maybe we are doing this school thing, this funding books et al thing.. all wrong… no?
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[sent this to ideo challenge]
perhaps this is an ideal time for global systemic change. and perhaps refugee camps are ideal spaces/opportunities to model (for the rest of the world) that another way is possible. a way toward/of antifragility through embracing/facilitating uncertainty/daily-curiosities.
zoom out version (short): addressing a problem deep enough that all of us would resonate with it today, via a mechanism simple enough that it’s accessible/useable by all of us today, in an ecosystem open enough to set/keep all of us free.
detailed version: a people experiment.
simple version: a nother way
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on the need to model another way
“An absence of refugees means an absence of war.” @melissarfleming @UNRefugeeAgency #visioneering http://t.co/JVHWozL0U1
Original Tweet: https://twitter.com/xprize/status/596358084089384960
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World Hasn’t Had So Many Refugees Since 1945. One in every 130 people on planet is currently a refugee or displaced. bloomberg.com/news/articles/…
Educating Lebanon’s Syrian Refugees http://t.co/S7A4kdPi6D
Original Tweet: https://twitter.com/jordosh/status/611259067789635584
Today is #worldrefugeeday – there are 4 million Syrian refugees still, today. These are everyday…https://t.co/DwqI2qbomGOriginal Tweet: https://twitter.com/bnjreece/status/612255153144635392_________
everything is yours.. everything is not yours.
Claire felt staying in a good camp was even worse than staying in a bad one — what if we started to think this life was okay?
Angela Merkel & palestinian girl:
We, on the other hand, are homeless and the whole world treats us like a burden.”
The world is facing the biggest refugee crisis since World War II, a staggering 60 million people displaced from their homes, four million from Syria alone. World leaders have abdicated their responsibility for this unlucky population, around half of whom are children.
We are mired in a set of myopic, stingy and cruel policies.
The United Nations High Commission for Refugees calculates that 750,000 Syrian children in neighboring countries are out of school simply for lack of money. One result has been a huge rise in child labor, with girls in their early teens (or even younger) being married off.
Children are resilient, when given a chance. It’s a shame how few are.
“Politics is hard” is just not enough.
In 2014, the entire World Food Program budget was a paltry $5.4 billion. The United Nations refugee agency’s budget is a mere $7 billion. To put these numbers in context, Amazon’s market capitalization climbed recently by $40 billion in after-hours trading after it announced that its web-hosting services were slightly more profitable than expected. Saving millions of refugee children fleeing war apparently isn’t worth a fraction of an evening’s speculation on a single stock.
This horror. They were found dead in the hull, asphyxiation due to overcrowding. Btw, they’re refugees not migrants. twitter.com/middleeasteye/…
refugees are human
our species is naturally empathetic. It is only when we strip the humanity from people – when we stop imagining them as being quite human like us – that our empathetic nature is eroded. That allows us either to accept the misery of others, or even to inflict it on them
10,000 (of 300000) icelanders offer to house refugees after govt says it can only take 50
berlin’s airbnb for refugees
Merkel and 800000
migrant per choice.. refugee – fleeing danger
add to list of on auto replay in my head..
sept 2015 – ordinary citizens.. step in
Thousands of refugees in Hungary, not permitted to board trains, are now attempting a 200km walk to Vienna. https://t.co/rxKufiDvJI
Original Tweet: https://twitter.com/zeynep/status/639810268009222145
sept 2015 –
José Mujica taking in 100 refugee orphans
The World’s Most Humble President Just Opened His House to 100 Syrian Refugee Children http://t.co/x32TDahsRz
Original Tweet: https://twitter.com/JuHong89/status/640290212170493952
human suffering on a huge scale – pics – europes refugee crisis
Life in a tent, class in a tent for Syrian children in Lebanese camps too young to remember Syria http://t.co/OqlpJYAZwP
Original Tweet: https://twitter.com/alextomo/status/640905959607398400
Original Tweet: https://twitter.com/davidsirota/status/640907329630679041
prison gets rich locking up toddlers and pregnant mothers.. (refugees)
God help me, this by Piketty is brilliant: @LaurenLaCapra @ThisIsFusion https://t.co/kqO14nQq9Y
Original Tweet: https://twitter.com/pmarca/status/641784889776414720
for an open europe
What is to be done? The tragedy of the refugees could be an opportunity for Europeans to rise out of their petty disputes and their navel-gazing. By opening themselves up to the world, by jump-starting the economy and investments (housing, schools, infrastructure), by fighting off deflationary risk, the European Union could easily return to its pre-crisis immigration levels
Original Tweet: https://twitter.com/zeynep/status/643774680504115200
every border implies the violence of its maintenance
Original Tweet: https://twitter.com/pushinghoops/status/639054385797038080
War is hell, and it afflicts many cultures: Europe should know. How do we move to a humane world of less war is a question for everyone.
Original Tweet: https://twitter.com/zeynep/status/643783020454014976
thanks .. but we want to go home
sept 2015 – syrian refugees build a city from nothing..
oct 2015 on democracy now
disaster capitalism: making a killing out of catastrophe
no for profit prisons.. – legalized corruption – mass incarceration culture.. everynight 34000 refugees locked up in the u.s.
4 trill of resources under ground in afghanistan
39 min – u.s. has spent 100 bill since 2001
america is fighting a war against insurgents that they’re also paying off to not attack them
41 min – after haiti 2010 – from wikileaks: a gold rush is on – all 3 clinton’s solution was – like sweat shops – clinton foundation also investing in failed things after katrina.. their solution has primarily been industrial parks.. to make clothing that we can buy in u.s…. the solution is to empower locals… many haitians pissed off for this…
44 min – haiti is seen as too economically viable for u.s. to let it go
media don’t focus on locals…
kids sleeping – reads are – oh my.
tedglobal – geneva – dec 2015
unprepared because divided…
asking how many refugees can we take is the question that has no answer.. refugees have the right to be protected.. so no limit… the question is .. how can we organize ourselves to assume our international responsibilities…
q: who’s doing it right…a: 86% of refugees in the world are in developing world… ethiopia… more than 600 000 .. all the borders are open.. every refugee should be receive… in general african countries…
13 min – if you say we are going to close our doors.. to muslim refugees.. what you are saying is the best possible help for the propaganda of terrorist org’s.. what you are saying will be heard by all muslims in your country.. it’s telling them.. you are right.. we are against you…recruiting becomes easier in countries where these sentences are expressed.
letter… be yourself.
imagine 7 billion doing that..
jan 2016 – 11 stories/pics
Original Tweet: https://twitter.com/melissarfleming/status/682511242989297664
smart phones completely changed refugee crisis..
The Smartphone Completely Changed the Refugee Crisis https://t.co/4nvwCvtlte via @WIRED
Original Tweet: https://twitter.com/FrancoisTaddei/status/675822634484023296
imagine if chip ness.. et al
Just 60km away from Beirut, about 40K civilians are slowly starving to death in besieged town of #Madaya #Syria https://t.co/0Kdsj2Cd2E
Original Tweet: https://twitter.com/ASE/status/685206286569488385
What a perspective. https://t.co/aj0H6K89IR
Original Tweet: https://twitter.com/Mayyish/status/701884428889489408
Original Tweet: https://twitter.com/democracynow/status/698114780767395840
@janetgunter“We will not go back, we will stay here. We will die here, but we will not go to back to Afghanistan. We don’t want food,” says a handwritten banner from yesterday’s events in Persian.
Greece’s refugee crisis: PM says country is overwhelmed https://t.co/qkx6YeiEXz
Original Tweet: https://twitter.com/zaidhassan/status/704758817440014336
Alexis Tsipras speaks out as Greece struggles to care for 30,000 trapped migrants and Brussels prepares urgent aid
Greece cannot manage this situation alone,” Edwards said.
Hans Rosling on why refugees don’t fly: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YO0IRsfrPQ4
There are 12,000 people camped at the Greece-FYROM border desperate and bewildered. Closed borders not the answer:https://t.co/zYux2h1ezh
Original Tweet: https://twitter.com/melissarfleming/status/706410742434680834
1) ..to return individuals who do not qualify for refugee protection, …..
4) Make available more safe, legal ways for refugees to travel to Europe under managed programmes –for example humanitarian admission programmes, ..
5) Safe-guard individuals at risk,
from return those who don’t qualify to safe guard those at risk… perhaps a nother way..
again from syrian refugee page:
every border implies the violence of its maintenance
Original Tweet: https://twitter.com/pushinghoops/status/639054385797038080
@BloomfieldSJFrom Calais to the borders of Syria: Why refugee camps don’t work – and how to fix them. With@BenRawlence+@KilianK monocle.com/radio/shows/th…phrase – refugee camp – misleading… ie: could be temprorary and emergency to a long time city.. best to develop diff strategies for diff situations – brefugee camp always meant to be a storage facility… camp implies temporary.. but dimension of camps staying for decades is not there when you plan them.. and that’s the problem.. – kdadaab is in 3rd generation – bsyria is going to last for some time.. so what do they look for.. 1\ return 2\ then (when realize it will be longer term) how to make best of camp – they set up a city – by themselves – in one year – design/redesign living spaces – ie: received containers for houses.. but individualized them.. didn’t expect to be a bulk pkg – kthey are like cities w/a diff.. more like prisons… yet.. life does not stand still.. they won’t just sit and wait… – bproblem is aid agencies being only provider… ie: they aren’t city builders nor counterparts to govt – we don’t put the right resources there… depends on who you put in as right provider of expertise.. – k
w/o govt coop.. can’t experiment w/any alternatives – and govt’s see camps as a negative.. so mad situation where no one is allowed to work/leave .. where this could actually be a huge positive.. almost doesn’t consider somalie refugees as human.. mystery to me why more countries aren’t vying over these people to build their econ’s- b
people/refugees sharing stories.. of working non stop.. (from n lebanon)solution – putting in right level of expertise so govt’s don’t feel threatened..we had major breakthrough when started work w/local sectors, ie: supermarkets.. ie: smart cards.. supermarket chains had no problems to obtain work permits.. aid agencies need to partner up in a diff way.. – ksolution – what kilian attempted in datari – the key here is the politics… would be best if refugees were running everything.. they could spend budget a whole lot more productively… but key dimension is brokering political settlement.. ie: now 3 days to take food.. spending so much on that.. some being skimmed by corrupt middle men.. so offer something of benefit to whole region.. – bnew policy – no camps any more.. unrealistic.. sometimes only option.. the problem is the aid system in itself… we live in another world.. aid money in general is insufficient.. there are much more capacities in private/public sector.. getting the dimension across.. – concept of city of the dabia.. major population and econ center in middle of nowhere.. kenya.. you should seize the opportunity… aid agencies should say – this is really not our job.. they should let go.. need to bring in totally diff set of partners – kproblem – no real leadership .. ie: kenyan govt wanting camp closed.. but some wanting to hold on .. because of benefits of corruption of it.. there’s no one really with a vision that has a position of leadership… i’m continually be approached by people who want to help… there isn’t really an overall leadership… everyone is wanting to wish problem away.. and refugees have psych problem.. because they’re wishing for a future somewhere else… – bthat’s the point (short term vision)- lots who would like to do something .. but don’t see chance.. we have connectivity in the world today which we’re underutilizing for the moment…. – kat moment .. the concept is broken .. but i do believe it’s possible to build new camps in imaginative ways.. camps as part of solution.. not only one.. – b
Dispelling the myth of the humane refugee camp…I’ve visited camps on three continents, and at best they tend to be soul-destroying“I feel like my head will explode when I remember what life was like before war,” she said……Yet this woman was certain of one thing: she would rather return to Syria despite the savagery on all sides than go back to the refugee camp she fled a few days before we met. It was like prison, she said – echoing words I heard earlier from others. There was no work, no electricity and nothing to do all day, while stores over-charged for food and clothing behind the barbed wire. Her family left their last few possessions to escape. “Here we have nothing but at least we have our freedom.”[..]One myth in particular needs to be nailed fast: the concept that refugee camps are humane and workable solutions to such crises. Politicians and pundits keep suggesting that we pour cash into these holding pens. Yet as that young mother in Jordan showed, this approach is wrong both morally and practically.[..]I have visited refugee camps on three continents. At best they tend to be soul-destroying – places that keep people alive but stop them from living, as one academic put it so succinctly. There may be food, schools and health clinics in many. But they can also be grim centres of incarceration, designed to herd traumatised people into places that make it easier to control them, either for host governments or aid agencies trying to help. They are seen as short-term solutions yet drift into permanence – just look at Palestinian camps going back 68 years – while gangs, guns, violence and sexual abuse can be rampant.[..]The benevolent image of refugee camps has been shattered by a brilliant new book by journalist Ben Rawlence, whom I met during his five-year stint investigating life in Dadaab, northern Kenya. This sprawling camp is the world’s biggest, created 25 years ago to hold 90,000 Somalians but now home to half a million people from several nations. Rawlence exposes how impoverished refugees are raped, ripped off and remorselessly exploited while well-paid officials stay in secure compounds. It is a damning indictment – yet there have been worse examples. After the Rwandan genocide Hutu ringleaders ran official camps, received relief and used them
.@mikebutcher kicking off session at #IFGS2016 on @Techfugees : How can tech help solve refugee crisis https://t.co/NQ47knP7La
Original Tweet: https://twitter.com/ClaireBrai/status/719527718963060740
Of the world’s 65m refugees, half are from Syria, Afghanistan & Somalia. 86% are sheltering in poorer countrieshttps://t.co/Q6qWhNqaRl
Original Tweet: https://twitter.com/johnthackara/status/744891704835178496
There are so many dedicated, smart people stuck in these refugee camps who should be hired to tell their stories
Moaz Khrayba took this of the refugee camp he lives in in Samos. Moaz’s brother, a media activist, died in Syria pic.twitter.com/ByR3xtJxop
Kilian Kleinschmidt (@KilianK) tweeted at 7:58 AM on Thu, Sep 29, 2016:
Instead of temporary camps, let refugees build their own flourishing cities: https://t.co/Yh3a8EzlTL by @MarkLutter
The primary barrier to refugee cities is a lack of imagination.
it is time to think more boldly.
pay taxes.. though no benes from this…tax forms are in Hebrew, he explained, so most people in the camp must hire a bilingual accountant to complete them.[..]Jerusalem residents have a coveted blue ID card, meaning they can enter Israel in order to work and support their families, unlike Palestinians with green, or West Bank ID cards, who need many supporting documents in order to enter Israel — to work or for any other reason, and who also must pass through military checkpoints like Qalandiya, which can require waiting in hourslong lines. Jerusalem residency is, quite simply, a lifeline to employment, a matter of survival.[..]I met people from Gaza, who cannot leave the square kilometer of the camp or they risk arrest, because it is illegal for Gazans to enter Israel or the occupied West Bank except with Israeli permission, which is almost never granted. I met a family of Brazilian Palestinians with long-expired passports who also cannot leave the camp, because they do not have West Bank green IDs nor Jerusalem blue IDs.[..]Shuafat camp is often depicted in the international media as the most dangerous place in Jerusalem, a crucible of crime, jihad and trash fires[..]If you are seriously hurt in the camp, there isn’t much help. Ill or injured people are carried through the checkpoint, on foot or by car, and put in ambulances on the other side of the wall. According to residents of the camp, several people have unnecessarily died in this manner.[..]The most heavily militarized area of the camp is perhaps its most lawless.[..]The popular drug the dealers sell is called Mr. Nice Guy, which is sometimes categorized as a “synthetic cannabinoid” — a meaningless nomenclature. It is highly toxic, and its effects are nothing like cannabis. It can bring on psychosis. It damages brains and ruins lives. Baha told me that Mr. Nice Guy is popular with kids as young as 8.[..]
Baha never expressed any fears for his own safety. In looking at my notes, I see now that my insistence on this point was sheer will. A fiction. It’s right there in the notes. He said he was nervous. He said he’d been threatened.
Also in my notes, this:
Baha says, two types
1. Those who want to help make a better life
2. Those who want to destroy everything
The other thing I suppressed, besides Baha’s admissions of fear, was his desire for police. I didn’t write that down. It wasn’t part of my hero narrative, because the police are not part of my hero narrative. “Even if they have to bring them from India,” he said several times, “we need police here. We cannot handle the disputes on our own. People take revenge. They murder.”
They said every family has an addict among its children and sometimes among the older people as well. A third of the population is strung out on it, they said. It makes people crazy
I was desperate to give her something, to promise something. It’s very difficult to see a child who has suffered so tremendously……no shallow gesture or petty generosity would make any lasting difference, and that her life was going to be difficult.
I made myself regard each photograph as something unique, a vital integer in the stream of these people’s refusal to be reduced.
both sides now.. of photograph ness
“I want music lessons for the girls,” she said. “I think it’s very good for their development.” As she said it, more machine-gun fire erupted from the roof of a nearby building. “I want them to know the feel, the smells, of a different environment. To be able to imagine other lives.”
When I think of Hiba Nababta wanting what I want for my child, her rightful desire that her kids should have an *equal chance, everything feels hopeless and more obscene, even, than my wanting to give earrings to a child without ears.
equity: everyone getting a go everyday
we can do that now.. we can’t not.. dang/damn/fuck
The day I left Shuafat camp was April 17. Fifteen days later, on May 2, Baha Nababta was murdered in the camp. An unknown person approached on a motorcycle as Baha worked with roughly a hundred fellow camp residents to pave a road. In front of this very large crowd of people, working together, the person on the motorcycle shot at Baha 10 times and fled. Seven bullets hit him.
It is now December. Baha’s wife, Hiba, has given birth to their son. His father is gone. His mother is widowed. But a baby — a baby can thrive no matter. A baby won’t even know, until it is told, that someone is missing
Oz Katerji (@OzKaterji) tweeted at 5:48 AM – 22 Dec 2016 :
Thousands of refugees left in cold, as UN and EU accused of mismanagement https://t.co/mftfoswCRX(http://twitter.com/OzKaterji/status/811916351296204800?s=17)
Patrick Kingsley (@PatrickKingsley) tweeted at 4:42 AM – 22 Dec 2016 :
10000s of refugees remain in the cold in Greece, despite £££ allocated for “winterisation”. Our look @ where it went https://t.co/8jUpC91fFF (http://twitter.com/PatrickKingsley/status/811899759023755264?s=17)
Cameron Sinclair (@casinclair) tweeted at 2:25 PM on Thu, Feb 02, 2017:
Spent day w/ unaccompanied teen refugees boys who have been told they’re the “bad guys”. In truth, they are the lost boys. https://t.co/PIVi1RkGgT
Noor Al Hussein (@QueenNoor) tweeted at 4:28 AM – 18 Feb 2017 :
Europe’s biggest paper ran a bogus refugee ‘sex mob’ story. What now? | Christian Christensen https://t.co/LGrnW7IrtI (http://twitter.com/QueenNoor/status/832914657010733056?s=17)
via craig calhoun rt
Protesters marched to the sea in Barcelona, demanding that Spain accept more refugees nyti.ms/2kAazgr
2500 people arriving everyday in Baidoa, Somalia, seeking food yahoo.com/news/cloaked-r…
The refugees in excruciating limbo who can’t move forward and can’t go back. https://t.co/SKOXPgyrZL
Original Tweet: https://twitter.com/melissarfleming/status/852939200378875904
Melissa Fleming (@melissarfleming) tweeted at 2:06 AM on Sun, May 07, 2017:
In Libya, “many have been held for ransom, kidnapped, made to perform forced labour & sold in markets as slaves.” https://t.co/o8uP7mJ9W1
Stefan Simanowitz (@StefSimanowitz) tweeted at 10:44 PM – 10 May 2017 :
Policy in Greece of forcing asylum seekers to give up appeal rights or lose help to get home if rejected = unlawful https://t.co/KruZyEx9TL (http://twitter.com/StefSimanowitz/status/862528851511037953?s=17)
Stephanie Nebehay (@StephNebehay) tweeted at 4:14 AM – 11 May 2017 :
ICYMI – Up to 450,000 civilians in #Mosul Old City face ‘stark choices’ for survival – @ICRC – https://t.co/XezxU0ixxc (http://twitter.com/StephNebehay/status/862611924051259392?s=17)
hungary transit zones
Kilian Kleinschmidt (@KilianK) tweeted at 2:56 AM on Sun, Sep 17, 2017:
The New York Times (@nytimes) tweeted at 9:42 AM – 16 Sep 2017 :
Bangladesh plans to build a refugee camp to house about 400,000 Rohingya who have fled Myanmar https://t.co/CF35GDtJ4i (http://twitter.com/nytimes/status/909079955140726784?s=17)
drifting doc and human flow doc by ai weiwei
Joseph Willits (@josephwillits) tweeted at 3:49 PM – 9 Nov 2017 :
Heartbreaking list of 33,293 people who have died trying to reach Europe published in a German newspaper. So many whose names & nationalities are unknown. Yet so many ppl still dehumanise them ht & pic v @CatrinNye https://t.co/3V2Ow3LUpZ Full list here: https://t.co/51fY7cuaJ4 https://t.co/GfvlRJbs48(http://twitter.com/josephwillits/status/928756397554241536?s=17)
Joey (@joeyayoub) tweeted at 4:30 AM – 25 Nov 2017 :
Slavery in Libya: shock is not solidarity https://t.co/6sF8WjEefZ (http://twitter.com/joeyayoub/status/934383745506955264?s=17)
The New Yorker (@NewYorker) tweeted at 2:30 AM on Sat, Dec 09, 2017:
On the Greek island of Lesvos, the number of refugees is rising again and camps are overflowing: https://t.co/7rvqtmVJhzhttps://t.co/rPiKYgt4ac
clothes from lesbos .. from refugees .. hung on display
Daniel Wickham (@DanielWickham93) tweeted at 5:34 AM – 15 Dec 2017 :
Amnesty: European governments, including Italy, are knowingly complicit in torture and abuse of tens of thousands of refugees and migrants detained by immigration authorities in Libya https://t.co/g1tGcNLhRo (http://twitter.com/DanielWickham93/status/941647627216711680?s=17)
german paper publishes names of 33 000 refugees who died trying to reach europe
The newspaper said it wanted to document “the asylum-seekers, refugees and migrants who died since 1993 as a consequence of the restrictive policies of Europe on the continent’s outer borders or inside Europe”.
The majority of the people on the newspaper’s list drowned in the Mediterranean Sea.
Last year was the deadliest for migrants attempting to cross the Mediterranean, with at least 5,079 dying or going missing during their journey,
Democracy Now! (@democracynow) tweeted at 6:34 AM – 5 Apr 2018 :
“There clearly is a border wall, there’s almost 700 miles of it,” says @memomiller. “People circumvent these walls and go into the desert… and the remains of more than 7,000 people have been found in the U.S. borderlands… So [what Trump calls] ‘weak laws’ are deadly laws.” https://t.co/ws5KETRB2P (http://twitter.com/democracynow/status/981872690410770432?s=17)
Melissa Fleming (@melissarfleming) tweeted at 5:43 AM on Mon, Apr 09, 2018:
“Some refugees complain they are suffering from “bufis”, a term in the Somali language which some of them use to describe a condition that is the opposite of homesick: the longing to leave. https://t.co/iXgSXlcXz6
Molly Crabapple (@mollycrabapple) tweeted at 6:16 AM – 15 Apr 2018 :
Refugee camps are filled with young men who risked everything and went through hell on earth to avoid killing eachother in this war (http://twitter.com/mollycrabapple/status/985492055018352641?s=17)
Incredibly tragic and almost nobody knows. https://t.co/kqlNbKvN7S
Original Tweet: https://twitter.com/GSlutkin/status/1002343480964911104
South Sudan gained independence in 2011 yet plunged into a civil war which killed tens of thousands of people & displaced millions. Protection of civilians became the top priority of
@UNMISS. Today, 200,000+ remain sheltered at 6 locations such as Bentiu.
via save the children – 2 min video of child’s (lilly’s) refugee journey
Ibn Baldwin إبن بالدوين (@joeyayoub) tweeted at 6:59 AM – 5 Jun 2018 :
Long read: Five myths about the refugee crisis
Let us please educate ourselves on the facts. By @trillingual (http://twitter.com/joeyayoub/status/1003984603781173249?s=17)
Myth 1: The crisis is over
Myth 2: We can neatly separate ‘refugees’ from ‘economic migrants’
Myth 3: Telling ‘human stories’ is enough to change people’s minds
Myth 4: The crisis is a threat to European values
Myth 5: History is repeating and there’s nothing we can do about it
The Stream (@AJStream) tweeted at 6:00 AM – 7 Jun 2018 :
#TedxKakumaCamp speakers will touch on everything from women’s rights to refugees in sports. What do you think will be the biggest takeaway from the first Ted Talk hosted in a refugee camp?
Every time I read a comment like this, I think of this young girl. Lord, break our hearts with what breaks yours. @NickKristof This Is What a Refugee Looks Like https://t.co/RuSkiQVgif https://t.co/gSU6zJtw1F
Original Tweet: https://twitter.com/Sloancornwell/status/1007415491357528064
3 min video
elena: there are people who look down on us because we’re immigrants.. but they don’t know what we’re running from
Alexander Betts (@alexander_betts) tweeted at 6:34 AM – 19 Jun 2018 :
Fascinating reports from @theIRC on citizen perceptions of #refugees in Kenya and Uganda, https://t.co/sTtZCBTSgr (http://twitter.com/alexander_betts/status/1009051788450951168?s=17)
DiEM25 (@DiEM_25) tweeted at 5:11 AM on Wed, Jun 20, 2018:
“The simple proposition I’m going to put to you is this: treat these people with respect as they are coming into your country. Treat their trauma. Treat them as human beings and they will love you forever.” #DiEM25 co-founder, @yanisvaroufakis | #WorldRefugeeDay #RefugeeDay https://t.co/aPxxH1voSL
There are 25.4 million refugees in the world today, the highest number ever.
53% are children:
🔹 3.5 million don’t have access to education
🔹 174,000 are separated from their families
Original Tweet: https://twitter.com/ajplus/status/1009461214613626880
Salon (@Salon) tweeted at 5:00 AM – 2 Jul 2018 :
What creates this planet of refugees? You know the answer. https://t.co/LDXXwEuETk (http://twitter.com/Salon/status/1013739252650307590?s=17)
2018 article by @vijayprashad
Children make up more than half of the displaced..The wounds caused by resettlement are deep and incalculable..t
what this does to a child—the “soul pain”that is forced on the sensitive nature of children.
Nothing around me is known to me. All those around me are strangers. I have no past. I have no future. I have no identity. I am nowhere. I am frozen in fear.”He was threeyearsold. He captures the essence of “soul pain”in these words — “I believe that I must have made some terrible mistake to have caused my known world to disappear.”
Rich countries do not take in refugees. You find — from the United Nations — that 85 percent of refugees live in countries that are already poor.
Joey Ayoub جووي أيوب (@joeyayoub) tweeted at 4:56 AM – 14 Jul 2018 :
Everything about the coverage of the nonexistent ‘migrant crisis’ is toxic. It has always revealed much more about Europe than any individual (non-white) migrant. But Europe is too arrogant to see its own reflection in the mirror and recognise the monster. (http://twitter.com/joeyayoub/status/1018086723769815040?s=17)
2/3 of all refugees come from just 5 countries. Syria..Afghanistan..South Sudan..Myanmar..Somalia
Imagine what peace in just one of those countries could mean. https://t.co/rMStInRb57
Original Tweet: https://twitter.com/Refugees/status/1020938975370936321
greek refugee camp
Kurt Laitner (@klaitner) tweeted at 3:44 PM on Tue, Aug 28, 2018:
Children ‘attempting suicide’ at Greek refugee camp – https://t.co/PlkfXaGWIL
RC Intl Rescue Comm (@theIRC) tweeted at 4:03 AM – 12 Sep 2018 :
This past year, the U.S. has resettled less than half of the 45,000 refugees we committed to.
The number of refugees allowed in the next year is being set now.
Join us *this week* in asking the Judiciary Committee leadership to #StandWithRefugees: https://t.co/bd8eMJtLAP(http://twitter.com/theIRC/status/1039816762378911746?s=17)
Rhamis Kent on Permaculture’s Solution to the Refugee Crises – P2P Foundation https://t.co/9WxWgYMARy
Original Tweet: https://twitter.com/mbauwens/status/1057724329755074562
MIT Media Lab (@medialab) tweeted at 9:03 AM – 6 Dec 2018 :
We’re thrilled that #DisobedienceAward finalist Sarah Mardini has been released on bail after more than 100 days in pre-trial detention on charges related to her work rescuing refugees. People shouldn’t be prosecuted for saving lives.
Stéphane Malka (@studiomalka) tweeted at 8:49 AM on Mon, Feb 25, 2019:
A-Kamp47 Vertical Refugee Camp in Marseille #FlexibleSystem #UrbanStrategy #FlexibleArchitecture #ArchitecturalReadyMade #AKamp47 #LePetitParisBook #ReclaimTheCity #Reuse… https://t.co/G8at8dmbnI
CBC News Alerts (@CBCAlerts) tweeted at 4:47 AM – 19 Jun 2019 :
The United Nations Refugee Agency reported today that 70.8 million human beings around the world were forced to flee their homes in 2018 because of war, persecution and conflict. That’s the highest level in the nearly 70-year existence of the UNHCR. https://t.co/STNmSQXWlx(http://twitter.com/CBCAlerts/status/1141296513362071553?s=17)