intro’d to George july 2013 – ted global – rewilding the world
In his book “Feral,” George Monbiot advocates the large-scale restoration of complex natural ecosystems.
now thinking.. holmgren indigenous law
found myself scratching at the walls of life..
thinking hari present in society law:
in comfortable safe crowded lands.. few opps to exercise them (our wild nature) harming other people..
this was a constraining i found….. to conquer uncertainty.. to know what comes next.. has almost been the industrial aim..
beyond lifespan of h & g’s.. nor was it authenticity i was looking for.. i don’t find that a useful/intelligible concept.. i just wanted a richer/rawer life than i’ve been able to lead in britian..
only when i stumbled upon an unfamiliar word.. that i began to understand what i was looking for.. and as soon as i found it.. i realized i wanted to devote much of rest of my life to..
r e w i l d i n g
even though a young word.. several defns.. but 2 that fascinate me:
1\ mass restoration of ecosystems..
discovery of widespread trophic cascades.. ie: yellowstone park when wolves re intro’d in 1995.. kill animals.. but give life to many others.. ie: deer changed behavior.. to hide from wolves.. and those areas repopulated ecologically.. ie: height of trees 5x in just 6 yrs.. birds/beavers come.. creating nisches for other species..
really interesting.. wolves changed behavior of rivers.. regenerating forest stabilized the banks.. soil erosion stabilize.. physical geography changed
another ie: whales crucial to ecosystem… pooping and kicking water… sequestering carbon.. changing atmosphere composition
trophic cascades.. tell us ecosystem is even more amazing that we thought.. huge case for bringing back indangered species..
rewilding to me.. bringing back missing plants/animals.. taking down fences.. blocking the drainage ditches.. preventing commercial fishing.. but otherwise… stepping back..
we all need to become indigenous
it has no view as to what a right ecosystem or assemblage of species looks like.. it doesn’t try to produce…. it lets nature decide.. nature is pretty good at deciding
no agenda.. ness.. no strings .. ness
2\ rewilding of human life
because there would be wonderful re wilded habitats
return of mega fawna… it’s not climate that’s gotten rid.. it’s pressure from humans..
talking antifragile.. via being elephant adaptive..
walking down ave…. seeing shadows of these great beasts.. paleoecology.. study of past ecosystems.. feels like a portal thru which you can pass into an enchanged kingdom…
why shouldn’t all of us have a serengeti (ecosystem is a geographical region in Africa) on our doorsteps..
most interesting thing.. that rewilding offers us.. the most important thing that’s missing from our lives… h o p e… in motivating people to love/defend the natural world.. an ounce of hope is worth a ton of despair..
the story rewilding tells us .. is that ecological change need not always proceed in one direction.. it offers us a hope that our silent spring could be replaced by a raucous summer…
re intro’d and adding page while reading this 2012 article.. – gift of death
Researching her film The Story of Stuff, Annie Leonard discovered that of the materials flowing through the consumer economy, only 1% remain in use six months after sale
People in eastern Congo are massacred to facilitate smart phone upgrades of ever diminishing marginal utility. Forests are felled to make “personalised heart-shaped wooden cheese board sets”. Rivers are poisoned to manufacture talking fish. This is pathological consumption: a world-consuming epidemic of collective madness, rendered so normal by advertising and the media that we scarcely notice what has happened to us.
In 2007, the journalist Adam Welz records, 13 rhinos were killed by poachers in South Africa. This year, so far, 585 have been shot. No one is entirely sure why. But one answer is that very rich people in Vietnam are now sprinkling ground rhino horn on their food or snorting it like cocaine to display their wealth. It’s grotesque, but it scarcely differs from what almost everyone in industrialised nations is doing: trashing the living world through pointless consumption.
The growth of inequality that has accompanied the consumer boom ensures that the rising economic tide no longer lifts all boats. In the US in 2010 a remarkable 93% of the growth in incomes accrued to the top 1% of the population. The old excuse, that we must trash the planet to help the poor, simply does not wash.
Bake them a cake, write them a poem, give them a kiss, tell them a joke, but for god’s sake stop trashing the planet to tell someone you care. All it shows is that you don’t.
after cap panel – oxfard farming conf 2017
3 min – all the features.. which harbor wildlife.. which prevent floods downstream.. which keep the soil on the land.. you have to remove those.. if you are to claim for the land.. so it’s a 50 mill euro perverse incentive for max environmental destruction
4 min – if subsidy system.. has to be a fair one: 1\ rural hardship fund.. but i don’t see why farmers would be main recipient of that.. should be allocated on basis of need not occupation 2\ provision of public goods.. protection/prevention 3\ transitional fund to counter perverse effects been suffering.. ie: payment to help new entrants..
imagine if we tried no money
6 min – if we are to move toward a more market based system.. it has to be a fair market
is there one..? who decides.. ? seems like wasted energy.. seems like what you said in 2012.. choosing market is showing you don’t care..
7 min – the best way to deal with an unfair market is to make it fair
is it..? even if that were possible.. it would market (day-care/dehuman) us..
we can do better.. go deeper..
29 min – we need to negotiate tariff quotas with every single commodity with every single exporter/inporter nation on earth.. if to employ entire civil service.. couldn’t do it.. and result w/a lot of non negotiated.. and will just have to wing it
indeed…. what a waste of energy
33 min – rep ing 50 000 farmers – lady to his right
oy.. a rep speaking for people.. ie: public consensus always oppresses someone
george – not true.. farming id’d as primary cause of destruction of wild life and habitats.. embracing the environment is not the picture you get from currrent farming practices…
38 min – ? education.. cultural reform – lady to his right
44 min –
skimmed this.. as it kept reminding me how much time/money we spend listening to a few talk about the problems/solutions.. sitting in our suits and ties and dresses and hose.. on the panel or in the audience.. ugh.. spending most of time talking about balancing moneys
1:02 – final question to panel.. what would you farm, where, and how would you make a profit..
yes.. because we can’t imagine life without profit ness… and they all just laugh..
george.. i would farm water
George Joshua Richard Monbiot (/ˈmɒnbioʊ/ mon-bee-oh; born 27 January 1963) is a British writer, known for his environmental and political activism. He writes a weekly column for The Guardian, and is the author of a number of books, including Captive State: The Corporate Takeover of Britain (2000) and Feral: Searching for Enchantment on the Frontiers of Rewilding (2013). He is the founder of The Land is Ours, a peaceful campaign for the right of access to the countryside and its resources in the United Kingdom.
In January 2010, Monbiot founded the ArrestBlair.org website which offers a reward to people attempting a peaceful citizen’s arrest of former British prime minister Tony Blair for alleged crimes against peace.
Working as an investigative journalist, he travelled in Indonesia, Brazil, and East Africa. His activities led to his being made persona non grata in seven countries and being sentenced to life imprisonment in absentia in Indonesia. In these places, he was also shot at, beaten up by military police, shipwrecked and stung into a poisoned coma by hornets. He came back to work in Britain after being pronounced clinically dead in Lodwar General Hospital in north-western Kenya, having contracted cerebral malaria.
In Britain, he joined the roads protest movement and was often called to give press interviews; as a result he was denounced as a “media tart” by groups such as Green Anarchist and Class War. He was attacked by security guards, who allegedly drove a metal spike through his foot, smashing the middle metatarsal bone. His injuries left him in hospital. Sir Crispin Tickell, a former British diplomat at the United Nations, who was then Warden at Green College, Oxford, made the young protester a Visiting Fellow.
Among his best-known articles are his critique of David Bellamy’s climate science, his description of an encounter with a police torturer in Brazil, his attack on libertarian interpretations of genetics, his discussion of the ethics of outsourcing, and his attack on the politics of Bob Geldof and Bono.
In January 2011, Monbiot took the unusual step of publishing an account of his assets. In the interests of transparency, Monbiot explained that he earned £77,400 a year, gross, from publishing contracts and rents, and urged other journalists to follow suit. He continues to publish his financial accounts on his website.
In 2014, Monbiot wrote an article on the theme of loneliness. This led to a collaboration with musician Ewan McLennan. Together they released an Album “Breaking the Spell of Loneliness” in October 2016 followed by a tour of the UK. Folk Radio described it as “an enthralling album” where “Each song is a short, eloquent and thought provoking essay on the destruction of our humanity and how it can be regained”.
He is the patron of the UK student campaign network People & Planet and appears in the film The Age of Stupid in animated form, in which he says “The very fact that the crisis is taking place within our generation, it’s happening right now, means that we are tremendously powerful people. So this position of despair and ‘I can’t do anything’ and ‘there’s no point’ is completely illogical, it’s exactly the opposite
Monbiot has been associated with the cause of indigenous rights, and has sought to denounce threats to tribal people, at the face of corporate interests. He contributed to the 2009 book We Are One: A Celebration of Tribal Peoples, which explores the culture of peoples around the world, portraying both its diversity and the threats it faces.
Monbiot’s first book was Poisoned Arrows (1989), a work of investigative travel journalism exposing what he called the “devastating effects” of the partially World Bank-funded transmigration program on the peoples and tribes of Papua and West Papua in Indonesia. It was followed by Amazon Watershed (1991) which documented expulsions of Brazilian peasant farmers from their land and followed them thousands of miles across the forest to the territory of the Yanomami Indians, and showed how timber sold in Britain was being stolen from indigenous and biological reserves in Brazil. His third book, No Man’s Land: An Investigative Journey Through Kenya and Tanzania (1994), documented the seizure of land and cattle from nomadic people in Kenya and the Tanzania, by—among other forces—game parks and safari tourism.
His fifth book, The Age of Consent: A Manifesto for a New World Order, was published in 2003. The book is an attempt to set out a positive manifesto for change for the global justice movement. Monbiot criticises anarchism and Marxism, arguing that any possible solution to the world’s inequalities must be rooted in a democratic parliamentary system.
The book also discusses ways in which these ideas may be put into practice. He posits that the United States and Western European states are heavily dependent on the existence of this debt, and that when faced with a choice between releasing the developing world from debt and the collapse of the global economy, their internal economic interests will dictate that they opt for the “soft landing” option. …..He argues that ultimately the global justice movement “must seek…to provide a coherent programme of alternatives to the concentrated power of the dictatorship of vested interests.”
Feral: Searching for Enchantment on the Frontiers of Rewilding was published in 2013, and focuses on the concept of rewilding the planet. Monbiot states “rewilding offers a positive environmentalism. Environmentalists have long known what they are against; now we can explain what we are for.”
In the book, Monbiot attacks sheep farming as “a slow-burning ecological disaster, which has done more damage to the living systems of this country than either climate change or industrial pollution. Yet scarcely anyone seems to have noticed.” He particularly looks at sheep farming in Wales.
The book received favourable reviews, including in publications normally hostile to his work, such as The Spectator and The Daily Telegraph. It won the Society of Biology Book Award for general biology in 2014.
The age of
#loneliness intensifies. The emotional pain can be overwhelming: https://www.theguardian.com/society/2017/jan/06/half-a-million-older-people-spend-every-day-alone-poll-shows
In the age of robots, our schools are teaching children to be redundant | George Monbiot theguardian.com/commentisfree/…
Let’s engineer our children out of the factory and into the real world.
Céline (@krustelkram) tweeted at 7:55 AM – 14 Apr 2017 :
Thanks so much for writing about @KateRaworth ‘s doughnut economics
@GeorgeMonbiot & also this: https://t.co/iha927Ng43 and many others. <3 https://t.co/kFQlwbmZX9 (http://twitter.com/krustelkram/status/852883037427818496?s=17)
we respond to these crises as if they emerge in isolation, apparently unaware that they have all been either catalysed or exacerbated by the same coherent philosophy; a philosophy that has – or had – a name.
What greater power can there be than to operate namelessly?
Neoliberalism sees competition as the defining characteristic of human relations. It redefines citizens as consumers, whose democratic choices are best exercised by buying and selling, a process that rewards merit and punishes inefficiency. It maintains that “the market” delivers benefits that could never be achieved by planning.
Attempts to limit competition are treated as inimical to liberty
Inequality is recast as virtuous: a reward for utility and a generator of wealth, which trickles down to enrich everyone. Efforts to create a more equal society are both counterproductive and morally corrosive. The market ensures that everyone gets what they deserve.
equity – everyone getting a go everyday..
In The Road to Serfdom, published in 1944, Hayek argued that government planning, by crushing individualism, would lead inexorably to totalitarian control. Like Mises’s book Bureaucracy, The Road to Serfdom was widely read. It came to the attention of some very wealthy people, who saw in the philosophy an opportunity to free themselves from regulation and tax. When, in 1947, Hayek founded the first organisation that would spread the doctrine of neoliberalism – the Mont Pelerin Society – it was supported financially by millionaires and their foundations.
among American apostles such as Milton Friedman – to the belief that monopoly power could be seen as a reward for efficiency.
Something else happened during this transition: the movement lost its name. In 1951, Friedman was happy to describe himself as a neoliberal. But soon after that, the term began to disappear. Stranger still, even as the ideology became crisper and the movement more coherent, the lost name was not replaced by any common alternative
It may seem strange that a doctrine promising choice and freedom should have been promoted with the slogan “there is no alternative”
The freedom that neoliberalism offers, which sounds so beguiling when expressed in general terms, turns out to mean freedom for the pike, not for the minnows.
Freedom from trade unions and collective bargaining means the freedom to suppress wages. Freedom from regulation means the freedom to poison rivers, endanger workers, charge iniquitous rates of interest and design exotic financial instruments. Freedom from tax means freedom from the distribution of wealth that lifts people out of poverty.
As Naomi Klein documents in The Shock Doctrine, neoliberal theorists advocated the use of crises to impose unpopular policies while people were distracted
Another paradox of neoliberalism is that universal competition relies upon universal quantification and comparison. ..The doctrine that Von Mises proposed would free us from the bureaucratic nightmare of central planning has instead created one.
Neoliberalism was not conceived as a self-serving racket, but it rapidly became one.
Rent is another term for unearned income
As property prices and the withdrawal of state funding load people with debt (think of the switch from student grants to student loans), the banks and their executives clean up.
debt as violence
neoliberal theory asserts, people can exercise choice through spending. But some have more to spend than others: in the great consumer or shareholder democracy, votes are not equally distributed. The result is a disempowerment of the poor and middle.
Like communism, neoliberalism is the God that failed. But the zombie doctrine staggers on, and one of the reasons is its anonymity. Or rather, a cluster of anonymities.
The invisible doctrine of the invisible hand is promoted by invisible backers.
Neoliberalism’s triumph also reflects the failure of the left. When laissez-faire economics led to catastrophe in 1929, Keynes devised a comprehensive economic theory to replace it. When Keynesian demand management hit the buffers in the 70s, there was an alternative ready. But when neoliberalism fell apart in 2008 there was … nothing.
This is why the zombie walks.
The left and centre have produced no new general framework of economic thought for 80 years.
What the history of both Keynesianism and neoliberalism show is that
it’s not enough to oppose a broken system.
A coherent alternative has to be proposed.
marina gorbis (@mgorbis) tweeted at 7:25 AM – 17 Apr 2017 :
Finally, a breakthrough alternative to growth economics – the doughnut | George Monbiot | Opinion | The Guardian https://t.co/OPcYYcwCrq (http://twitter.com/mgorbis/status/853962561884114944?s=17)
We cannot hope to address our predicament without a new worldview. We cannot use the models that caused our crises to solve them. We need to reframe the problem.
The area between the two rings – the doughnut itself – is the “ecologically safe and socially just space” in which humanity should strive to live. The purpose of economics should be to help us enter that space and stay there.
New metrics would measure genuine prosperity, rather than the speed with which we degrade our long-term prospects….By rethinking economics from first principles, Raworth allows us to integrate our specific propositions into a coherent programme, and then to measure the extent to which it is realised.
great.. but how to get there.. i don’t think incrementally measuring.. via donut or whatever.. is going to get us to equity (everyone getting a go everyday)
we have to just set people free.. w/mech to facil that chaos (not to measure or validate it).. ie: a nother way
GeorgeMonbiot (@GeorgeMonbiot) tweeted at 12:21 AM – 27 Sep 2017 :
Please RT: There’s a fairer and more radical way of transforming economic life. Are #Labour and others ready for it? https://t.co/XQT0ig0PVK (http://twitter.com/GeorgeMonbiot/status/912925188580364288?s=17)
marina gorbis (@mgorbis) tweeted at 12:38 AM – 27 Sep 2017 :
@GeorgeMonbiot @guardian yes, we call it #universalbasicassets https://t.co/ppmthSuqb0 (http://twitter.com/mgorbis/status/912929409438441472?s=17)
GeorgeMonbiot (@GeorgeMonbiot) tweeted at 1:13 AM – 27 Sep 2017 :
I can’t claim that this approach solves all the world’s problems, but it takes us some of the way towards that goal (http://twitter.com/GeorgeMonbiot/status/912938255674413061?s=17)
GeorgeMonbiot (@GeorgeMonbiot) tweeted at 1:18 AM – 27 Sep 2017 :
One reason we’re in this mess is that almost all debates abt the economy concern just 2 of its 4 sectors. This article seeks to change that (http://twitter.com/GeorgeMonbiot/status/912939391882088448?s=17)
Mark James Talbot (@thesandbag) tweeted at 1:27 AM – 27 Sep 2017 :
@GeorgeMonbiot In fact in a post scarcity world the commons will hopefully become the most important sector as we move to cooperation over competition. (http://twitter.com/thesandbag/status/912941687609135104?s=17)
That it is necessary to explain the commons testifies to their neglect..t (despite the best efforts of political scientists such as the late Elinor Ostrom).
A commons, unlike state spending, obliges people to work together, to sustain their resources and decide how the income should be used. It gives community life a clear focus. It depends on democracy in its truest form. It destroys inequality. It providesan incentive to protect the living world. It creates, in sum, a politics of belonging.
This is an important breakthrough:
Private luxury shuts down space, creating deprivation. But magnificent public amenities – wonderful parks and playgrounds, public sports centres and swimming pools, galleries, allotments and public transport networks – create more space for everyone, at a fraction of the cost.
Wherever possible, I believe such assets should be owned and managed by neither state nor market, but by communities, in the form of commons. A commons in its true form is a non-capitalist system, in which a resource is controlled in perpetuity by a community, for the shared and equal benefit of its members
This could be a formula for meeting housing need, delivering public luxury and greatly enhancing the sense of community, self-reliance and taking back control. It helps to create what I call the Politics of Belonging.
You cannot take away someone’s story without giving them a new one. It is not enough to challenge an old narrative, however outdated and discredited it may be. Change happens only when you replace one story with another. When we develop the right story, and learn how to tell it, it will infect the minds of people across the political spectrum.
We will build it around a great, neglected economic sphere: the commons.
Decision-making will be returned to the smallest political units that can discharge it
let’s try for 7 bn everyday as the day.. redefine decision making
Through restoring community, renewing civic life and claiming our place in the world, we build a society in which our extraordinary nature – our altruism, empathy and deep connection – is released. A kinder world stimulates and normalises our kinder values. I propose a name for this story: the Politics of Belonging.
We know that if we can mobilise such silent majorities, there is nothing this small minority can do to stop us. But because we have failed to understand what is possible, and above all failed to replace our tired political stories with a compelling narrative of transformation and restoration, we have failed to realise this potential.
mech to listen to all the voices.. as the day
Could Labour be the party that brings the long 20th Century to an end? I believe, despite its Keynesian heritage, it could. Now, more than at any other time in the past few decades, it has a chance to change the world.
George Monbiot: We Need a New Political Story of Empathy and Sharing to Replace Neoliberalism
Sunday, October 22, 2017By Mark Karlin, Truthout | Interview
The idea that human nature is inherently competitive and individualistic isn’t just harmful, argues George Monbiot in his new book. It’s also contradicted by psychology, neuroscience and evolutionary biology. Out of the Wreckage: A New Politics for an Age of Crisis provides a compelling argument for how we can reorganize our world for the better from the bottom up.
on hold at library – thanks
Humans are altruistic, but we need a new story of empathy and shared development..
Every generation or so, political stories need to be refreshed or replaced..We have failed to produce a new, well-developed political story
The reason we are stuck with neoliberalism — despite its manifest failures, particularly the financial crash of 2008 — is that its opponents have produced no new, coherent Restoration Story of their own.
The violent and destructive behavior of the few is more salient in our minds than the altruistic and cooperative behavior of the many.
We do not need to change human nature, we need to reveal it..t
So, we need, in pursuit of the new vision I’m seeking to promote, what I call the “Politics of Belonging” to revive community life. There are two ways of doing so that interest me.
1\development of a rich participatory culture: t community projects designed to bring in as many people as possible, ..each a tipping point, at which community participation becomes the norm rather than the exception..that they begin to comprise a major part of the local economy.
2\ reclamation of the commons, t one of the four great sectors of the economy that we always forget. (Our debates tend to focus on only two: the state and the market, neglecting both the commons and the household).
I favor the single transferable vote because, while it is directly proportional, it also sustains a sense of local attachment. Voters choose their representatives by name from geographical constituencies.
exercising control over part of the municipal budget is not enough. We need to find ways to extend the process in two directions: to allow citizens to determine a greater portion of local budgets, and to introduce participatory budgeting at the state and national levels. This is initially difficult, but I believe there are various clever ways in which it can be done.
how about clever/brave enough to let go of money/control
I feel we are only just beginning to see what proliferating networks of volunteers using digital technology as well as direct human contact can now achieve.
exactly.. we have no idea.. from science of people ness.. what energies we have.. can uncover.. let’s not talk potential.. new story.. while just re creating the old.. aka: not part\ial.. for (blank)’s sake…].. there’s a nother way
2012 – the gift of death
Annie Leonard discovered.. 1% remain in use six months after sale
many of the products we buy, especially for Christmas, cannot become obsolescent. The term implies a loss of utility, but they had no utility in the first place.
no one is expected to use them, or even look at them, after Christmas Day. They are designed to elicit thanks, perhaps a snigger or two, and then be thrown away.
World trade rules force countries to participate in the festival of junk.
The growth of ineq that has accompanied the consumer boom ensures that the rising economic tide no longer lifts all boats. In the US in 2010 a remarkable 93% of the growth in incomes accrued to the top 1% of the population.. The old excuse, that we must trash the planet to help the poor, simply does not wash.
Witness last week’s Moral Maze programme, in which most of the panel lined up to decry the idea of consuming less, and to associate it, somehow, with authoritarianism. When the world goes mad, those who resist are denounced as lunatics.
Bake them a cake, write them a poem, give them a kiss, tell them a joke, but for god’s sake stop trashing the planet to tell someone you care. All it shows is that you don’t.
GeorgeMonbiot (@GeorgeMonbiot) tweeted at 4:43 AM – 16 Nov 2017 :
Here’s my video with @openDemocracy on replacing both #neoliberalism and Keynesianism: https://t.co/dCVxMveq5m (http://twitter.com/GeorgeMonbiot/status/931125690040246272?s=17)
13 min video:
the driving force of politics is not political leaders/parties.. but political narratives
the reason we’re stuck with neoliberalism today.. despite its multiple and manifest failures on just about every front.. is that we haven’t produced a big new political restoration story w/which to replace it.. that’s our task..t
let’s try this George.. a means for 7 bn to leap to a nother way to live
3 min – most have state vs market.. but we’ve got 4.. state market household commons.. non capitalist.. non communist.. doesn’t depend on econ growth.. but steady well-being..
4 min – we’ve lost this fundamental source that gave us our sense of belonging.. (commons ness)..t
after that.. so much focus on ..ie: revenues coming in.. bi.. times beg a more radical new narrative..
7 min – public effort.. public luxury.. we’ve got plenty of space for that .. rather than everyone fighting each other.. politics of belonging..
8 min – assumed consent rather than actual consent.. no way to run a nation.. can go thru entire life w/o actually being represented by anyone..
9 min – ways we get to vote often
let’s try 24/7.. rev of everyday life .. a radical nother way
black friday consumption
Every Friday is a Black Friday,..
It is the system itself that needs to change.
nov 24 – everything must go (same as above black friday post)
The first advice I would offer is this: be wary of following the careers advice your college gives you
The advisers say that a career path like this is essential if you don’t want to fall into the “trap” of specialisation: that is to say, if you want to be flexible enough to respond to the changing demands of the employment market. But the truth is that by following the path they suggest, you are becoming a specialist: a specialist in the moronic recycling of what the rich and powerful deem to be news. And after a few years of that, you are good for little else.
This career path, in other words, is counter-educational. It teaches you to do what you don’t want to do, to be what you don’t want to be. It is an exceptional person who emerges from this process with her aims and ideals intact. Indeed it is an exceptional person who emerges from this process at all. What the corporate or institutional world wants you to do is the opposite of what you want to do. It wants a reliable tool, someone who can think, but not for herself: who can think instead for the institution. You can do what you believe only if that belief happens to coincide with the aims of the corporation, not just once, but consistently, across the years (it is a source of wonder to me how many people’s beliefs just happen to match the demands of institutional power, however those demands may twist and turn, after they’ve been in the company for a year or two).
thinking we have to be employable.. is killing us