[image links to download]
intro by neal
sharing cities.. is a collection of 137 case studies and policies in 11 categories that demo that a city run by the people is not only possible, but that much of it is already here..
perhaps it’d all be here if we could let go of ie: policy et al
all started w convo (share san fran may 7 2011) around a few observations that by themselves are important, but have world changing potential if managed together for the common good.. the keynote speakers – including lisa gansky..
as i concluded my keynote.. i asked participants to imagine the whole economy organized around access rather than ownership and the huge impact that might result from such a transformation
if you mean that.. literally.. that would do it.. but if you leave even a little bit of ownership in (and if you take ownership out.. you have to take money out) .. we’ll not get to equity
sharing city seoul became the single biggest catalyst of the global sharing cities movement… mayor park earned award in 2016
the team’s core belief.. we believe that it’s possible to run much of a city on a commons basis, that a city could be in nearly every way of, by and for the people, and that the urban commons is, as silke helfrich pointed out in her iasc urban commons conf keynote in 2015, a ‘concrete utopia’..
i think it has to be total commons.. not ‘nearly’ or ‘much of ‘
in other words, a credible utopia that’s well w/in reach because its parts already exist, though they’ve not yet been assembled in one place to make a complete sharing city. the team wanted the book to rep this concrete utopia and serve as an assembly manual for it, or at least a star at one
one of the lessons i learned while working on this book is that there’s a blindness to the power people have to meet their needs outside of the market and state (the commons option),..t.. which is made more poignant because we need this power now more than ever..
commons as undisturbed ecosystem..
the case studies undermine the myth that ‘there is no alt’ to capitalism – tina for short.. and show that ‘there are many alts’ know as tama in the commons world
the book team felt that while it’s important to reorient aggressive commercial actors toward the commons (ie: airbnb and uber), the more game-changing innovations are *commons based from the beginning..
there were many challenges in selecting the case studies and model policies even though our crowdsourced book proposal set out clear standards – that they be commons-oriented, city-based, and easily-replicable.. for instance, there are few cases and policies that are **purely commons-oriented.. the majority of the pieces have a commons element, and the rest arguably set the stage for commons development..
yeah.. put the last two lines together and i belive what we need is *commons based from beginning (ie: 10 day cares ness).. and **purely (and 100%) commons oriented.. or we’ll not get back to an undisturbed ecosystem.. which means we’ll have tragedy of commons all over the place.. and cycle right back to where we are now..
these are days when city residents need options, esp as established institutions all too often fail to exercise what urban commons scholar christian iaione,.. calls ‘civic imagination’..t
the commons was part of, but not the core of, our sharing cities vision when we hosted share san fran in 2011. this changed pretty quickly for two reasons..
1\ it was clear that sharing cities could easily be co opted by commercial interests to help promote a tech vision of cities or simply be subsumed under the corp smart cities rubric..
2\ most importantly.. we benefited greatly from ongoing collab w a community of commons theorists including michel bauwens.. silke helfrich.. david bollier.. christian iaione.. sheila foster and others..
we not only saw their work as groundbreaking, but also believe it could help define and defend a people-first vision of cities. we felt that any such vision of cities, sharing cities or otherwise, needed its own political economy or it would simply melt into the corp grid, no matter how good the intentions..
begs we go whole hog.. and get back to our undisturbed ecosystem..
has to be 100% freedom for 100% people .. within 100% trust
the importance of the urban commons to cities today is that it situates residents as the key actors – not markets, tech, or govts, as populate narrative suggest – at a time when people feel increasingly powerless.. t.. to paraphrase commons scholars sheila foster and christian iaione, the city as a commons is a claim on the city by the people..
begs we have a means/mech to listen to every voice .. everyday.. and then to facil that chaos.. ie: as it could be
according to bollier the commons is:
a self org’s system by which communities manage resources w *minimal or no reliance on the market/state..
*has to be no.. (as least as they are defined today.. don’t want this to be a semantics issue)
the wealth that we inherit or create together and must pass on, undiminished or enhanced, to our children. our collective wealth includes the gifts of nature, civic infra, cultural works and traditions and knowledge..
a **sector of the economy (and life) that generates the value in ways that are often taken for granted – and often jeopardized by the market-state
the commons is a *credible alt or augmentation of state/market resource management because it’s been used for hundreds, i f not thousands, of years. and estimated 2 bn people rely on it today, mostly in rural areas.. it’s als ben extensively studied .. elinor ostroms’s decades of research on commons contain a message that couldnt’ be more relevant today..
this is all great.. but i think it’s more a reason for it not be a *credible alt.. we’ve not been practicing it anywhere 100%.. systemic.. and it has to be that or it becomes a disturbed ecosystem.. our global interconnectedness is why.. it has to be all of us.. or it will falter enough for people to not believe it’s possible..
ostrom’s belief that a decentralized, local approach to climate change could be more effective in aggregate than current global approaches..
while the commons is a promising approach to urban challenges, the study of the commons has historically been focused on relatively isolated, rural, natural resource commons like irrigation systems, fisheries, and forests. in comparison, research on urban commons is fairly new. it remains to be seen if the commons can become the new, *dominant paradigm for resource management – as some commons activist posit – in a place like the city where all the forces of society come to bare..
*has to be the one.. because it’s the only one that will listen to all the voices.. et al..
let’s try this guys as it could be..
still, we at shareable believe that the commons needs to be elevated to a dramatically higher level of importance in urban development, but not to the exclusion of the state and market.. instead, the three sphere of commons, state, and market must be put on a peer basis institutionally, harmonized, and managed to control the excesses and foster the strengths of each..
let go.. of the market and state (they are disturbances to the ecosystem).. or we’ll not get to equity..
as elinior herself once said, ‘no panaceas’ in other words, no simple, one size fits all formulas, and that goes for the commons too. it’s not the answer to everything..
how do we know.. we’ve never tried it..
i believe it is.. (again.. not wanting this to be about semantics – i see commons as the undisturbed ecosystem – and i believe we’ve never tried it 100%.. which it systemically/interconnectedly.. begs).. i believe it is the answer to everything.. because it’s a means to listen to everyone (which we haven’t had means for in the past.. not since we grew)
the future is us
yes.. but not measured/disturbed us
it also enables new ways to manage resources (access over ownership) and multiple types of currencies (fiat, local, reputation) and property (public, private, and community)
this isn’t a minor detail.. this is the poison/cancer we keep injecting/ignoring
goerge mongiot: there is not enough physical or environment space for everyone to enjoy private luxury.. private luxury shuts down space, creating deprivation. but magnificent public amenities – wonderful parks, and playgrounds, public sports centres and swimming pools, galleries, allotments and public transport networks – create more space for everyone, at a fraction of the cost..
but we can create private spaces for all of us w/ 2 convos..and self-talk as data.. via gershenfeld sel.. and then.. by eudaimoniative surplus.. we won’t need much of what you list.. ie: schools, child care.. (one in the same.. no?)
transformation over transaction
this distinctiveness (commons preserve local culture/tradition) helps them compete globally
it is time for bold new visions
please.. let’s be very bold.. as it could be.. we can.. today.. so we can’t not
mlk urgency of now..
how can we turn cities from impersonal engines of destruction into intimate communities of transformation
to paraphrase commons scholar keith taylor, when markets and govt fail, we have us. in other words, we have a largely unacknowledged ace up our sleeves, another way to provision our lives that puts us in control – the commons..
let’s *use it
but see.. that’s the problem we keep replicating.. we can’t *use it.. we can’t add it on.. we have to be it.. and it has to be all of us being it.. common ing.. that’s the undisturbed ecosystem.. that’s the only way we as human beings can work for the good of all.. (let’s not say.. that’s the ace up our sleeve.. and then not let it be)
1 – housing
…the typical response to alack of affordable housing is a call to build more housing. however, in many cities, there are a number of dwellings that lie vacant while people remain on waiting lists for public housing are thrown into competition in tight renal markets, or become homeless.. housing is a human right. secure, affordable housing is also a foundational req for a healthy, functioning society, and the economic fortunes of a city.. – sharon ede
sr care meets student dorm in shared intergenerational living – deventer netherlands.. by sharon ede
problem: young people find accommodations near college campuses are substandard or unaffordable.. older people in care often experience social isolation..
solution: humanitas retirement village a long term care facility offers free accommodation to students in exchange for 30 hrs of their time per month.. teach various skills.. such as using email and sm.. while these exchanges are important.. it is living in such proximity that helps relationships and connections develop, eases loneliness..
transitional microhouse community addressing homelessness – eugene oregon by sharon ede
2 – mobility
no matter how many services or opps are available in the city, they amount to nothing if people are not able to readily and affordably access them. in this sense, mobility is not an end in itself, but rather a means to an end. it is the glue that binds a city into a self sustaining whole – sharon ede
motobikes, taxi, walking school bus, bicycle train,
discounts for transport – denver and boulder
3 – food
if a city manages to provide all its residents w fresh, local, and healthy food, then that city has leapfrogged toward an inclusive and equitable society: such is the level of importance of food in a city.. – khushboo balwani
foodcloud.. linking businesses and charities to redistribute surplus food.. dublin ireland.. by anna davies – let’s charities know where to pick up food
seva cafe – a pay it forward experiment in p2p generosity.. ahmedabad india.. by khushboo balwani.. launched in 2006.. volunteers run it.. food is unconditional gift.. guests may choose to pay or volunteer.. but required to do neither
volunteer at seva: i think when you come into a space w strangers and you feel at home, you suddenly realise that this world is one family
seva known as karma kitchen in many countries..
turning public spaces into food gardens for all
4 – work
mainstream econ argues that low wages and tax breaks for large corps are the best way to attract investment and drive job growth. however, the cases and policies in this ch *tell another story. they demo the way s in which entrepreneurs, communities and cities are developing innovative solutions to generate local economic development and sustainable job creation thru worker owned coops.. startup collectives, and open value networks, and responsible sharing based orgs..
why have the econ piece.. let go of work for pay.. and you get back to an undisturbed ecosystem.. let’s *tell an even better story
cities have an important role to play in setting the right *incentives to encourage the growth of domestic sharing based startups and raise public trust in using these services.. ie: policies and investment support for worker owned coops can go a long way towards sustainable **job creation..
**perhaps job creation isn’t what we humanity needs..
creative social entrepreneurs and digital labor advocates are developing new ways of *harnessing emerging techs in order to allocate value on a more **equitable basis.. . – darren sharp and khushboo balwani
let’s try *tech as it could be.. for equity.. as in: everyone getting a go everyday.. (not as a better means for ie: equitable funding; driving marginal costs to zero; shared budgeting.. et al – because money/measuring-transactions is a disturbance to our ecosystem)
enspiral – shared value for mutual benefits.. wellington new zealand and world wide – by darren sharp
problem: it is often difficult for independent professionals interested in social impact *assignments to find meaningful projects.. on demand platforms in which people often work remotely for little pay can be isolating. how do freelancers who want to pursue community oriented projects **connect w other like minded individuals..
*find meaningful projects/assignments..?
enspiral began in 2010.. w goal of creating communities of workers who are deeply committed to social issues.. enables people to allocate their time and skills to social impact projects by offering spaces and platforms that promote collab.. the hub.. which holds common assets and facilitates interactions between members and related companies..
while effective, enspiral is not a simple cut and paste model that can easily be replicated. it is a shared stet of tools and practices that demos the potential for organically growing orgs from the bottom up thru an aligned sense of *purpose.. w a ‘**reciprocity first’ ethos
enspiral has spawned a number of open source software projects and a knowledge commons of collab resources.. enspiral venture loomio, for ie.. is a worker owned coop that has developed an open source app for consensus decision making.. (both ie’s about raising funds)
fablabs – peer production for a new commons econ.. pabal india and world wide – by khushboo balwani
problem: how can consumers become producers..
solution: in 2002 neil gershenfeld.. visiting india to teach/explore projects that overlap w his work on fablabs..
fablab – a distributed international network of scientific researchers and community inventors who define, conduct, and apply new discoveries and inventions for the benefit of both researches and the local community.. fablabs support a global design commons.. design, code, share knowledge and create digital instruction manuals using ope source principles..
let’s go deeper w/gershenfeld sel
platform coops.. worldwide.. by nathan schneider
among the major market disruptions intro’d alongside ‘sharing economy’ platforms like uber and airbnb is a systemic process of local disempowerment. the privatization of infra – such as transportation and communication – has led to transfer of decision making authority and wealth from local communities to corp platforms and their investors. nonetheless, the growing movement for ‘platform coop’ or the development of democratic ownership and governance of online platforms such as an app or website, offer cities and alt to multinational corps that supports community wealth building..
5 – energy
the environmental impacts of the energy industry (dominated by fossil fuels et al) are staggering. it is high time for change..
shared energy infra means that people together own and operate both the distributed energy generation facilities and the infra to deliver that energy from where it is generated to where it is used..
the energy infra is built by co’s controlled by their employees, ensuring equitable sharing of the econ benes.. the construction/maintenance of this infra is financed in such a way that it benes the producers/consumers.. rather than simply providing growth opps for the finance ‘industry’
in this context, best way to ensure a business serves its customers is for customers to take over the business.. wolfgang hoeschele
namasté solar.. has begun undertaking many big solar installation in colorado
6 – land
social capital is shaped and molded by space. this same social capital is crucial in the successful self org of the commons, according to .. elinor ostrom – adrien labaeye
got access to city data and learned that, in 2001, 596 acres of public land were waiting for communities to transform them and soon after, 596 acres was born…
lots of cool ie’s of repurposing and occupying .. but policy ness all the way thru this books seems like a distraction.. a roadblock.. i thought we were going no property.. imagine if we did.. (which can only happen/dance.. if we restore our undisturbed ecosystem)
7 – waste
waste is an immense global problem
nothing is wasted in nature.. a paradigm shift is needed in city policies and community initiatives to turn waste into a useful resource
perhaps the paradigm shift (or whatever you want to call it).. is that we no longer have policy.. i’m thinking that people that are policed/policied.. are going to waste
circular econ – ellen macarthur foundation
waste reduction requires innovation at a whole systems level.. darren sharp and marco quaglia
indeed.. not just re/upcycling.. but not creating it in the first place..ie: something like peepoople could lead to no toilets.. which seem like such a waste in themselves.. of water.. human position.. et al..
compost pedallers – austin texas,, by darren sharp –
problem: 1.3 bn tons of food is wasted each year.. 1/3 of food supply.. food waste finds its way into landfills, producing vast amounts of methane.. contributes to global warming.. meanwhile there is growing demand for organic compost for community gardens and urban farms..
solutions: bike collects and takes (food) waste to local urban farms and community gardens
repair cafe amsterdam netherlands..
8 – water
oceans.. the original commons
we need effective collective economic and political decision making about how to use and manage water to fulfill our needs – emily skeehan and nikolas kichler
depave – portland oregon.. by eric rosewall and adrien labaeye.. paved surfaces contribute to stormwater pollutions.. by direction rainwater w toxic urban pollutants to local stream and rivers..
9 – technology
tech as such is not the culprit here.. but it certainly enables the creation of new products and markets that, in practice, can perpetuate or even deepen existing socio economic inequities.. as long as tech development is dominated by global capital and intellectual elites, it seems difficult to see how it can contribute to empower local communities..
if we use it to listen to all the voices.. everyday.. as it could be..
these ie’s of crucial alt’s.. there are solutions based on an understanding of digital tech as what ivan llich defined as tools for conviviality: tools that empower people to realize their freedom thru interpersonal *dependence and & **reciprocity
rather *interdependence.. and ugh to **reciprocity..
however we must not be mistaken that as inspiring as they are , the initiatives featured in this chapter generally *fall short of fully deconstructing existing patterns of subordination based on gender, race, and class which are particularly strong when tech is in the focus.. we acknowledge and are cognizant of this fact.. **these ideas however are replicable and improvable.. we hope that others will..like free and open source lines of code – fork, improve and release their own solutions that will more fully realize the emancipatory potential of tech.. – adrien labaeye (@alabaeye) and ryan t conway
*indeed.. but it’s from the not letting go.. not first setting people truly free
**maybe we need to go beyond replicating/improving..
coding programs are exciting..
kind of crazy actually.. if we don’t free people first.. that’s part of how we’ve gotten to where we are.. no..? now w coding/computer.. we can exponentiate our not-us ness.. not good..
frefunk: activist who provide internet for all munster germany.. by adrien labaeye..
‘instead of arguing about borders.. we decided to pool resources (servers, firmware, time of skilled people)
connecting nyc – by adrien labaeye
human ecosystem project: sm used to analyze city infra and citizen well being.. bologna italy .. by adrien labaeye
human ecosystem relazioni is a project funded by bologna to harness public info available from sm to understand what their citizens care about and how they are feeling at a given time and place in the city..
again.. this is not legit info.. we need to detox (/self-talk as data) first.. restore the system.. restore us in the fixed system.. otherwise we’re spinning our wheels at best.. killing ourselves at worst
peta jakarta: disaster (flood) response.. twitter based – jakarta indonesia.. by ryan t conway
jakarta is one of most densely populated cities in world.. and every year the area is battered by a monsoon.. jakarta also has one of the highest concentrations of active twitter users in the world and a high proportion of cellphone use overall
sharehub connects residents to seoul’s local sharing econ.. seoul, s korea,.. by shareable…
10 – finance
pooling citizens’ wealth for community purposes
so why keep it tied to finance..? measuring transactions..?
finance enables communities to flourish, to pool their common wealth, to share and thereby reduce risk, and to achieve objective individuals cannot achieve alone
finance is a disturbance to the ecosystem.. the measuring ness is poison/cancer not wealth.. it’s the risk.. and it’s causing the individuals to not be themselves.. which means a badly deformed ecosystem.. ie: if one of us is messed up ..we’re all messed up..
this *(well being and stability of natural ecosystem) is only possible if all people involved share in the ownership, responsibility, and decision making..
this (equity) is only possible if all the people are involved/included/heard.. and there is no ownership.. and *finance won’t ever help true well-being/natural-ecosystem..
first let’s start w what citizens can do..
1\ citizens can create means of exchange that take on some of the functions of money, and determine the rules of governing their circulation
2\ citizens can use their money to invest in enterprises they wish to support, providing mutual benes to entire community
rather.. mutual poison to community
3\ citizens can pool money as well as their time, skills, ideas, and knowledge in order to provide mutual financial security.. sickness and old age are two of the main financial risk factors we all face..
money isn’t the salve for those.. we just think it is..
which city n the world will be the first to develop a complete network of institutions, policies, and practices to finance the emergence of a truly sustainable econ that supports the aspiration of all its people? – wolfgang hoeschele
spacehive – london – crowdfunding
11 – governance
in ‘the city as a commons’ sheila foster and christian iaione propose an urban commons framework that provides new ways of seeing and creating the city itself as a commons.. they explain how if collective action of a community is what creates common wealth from a shared resource, then the activities themselves are what creates wealth from the city.. this can be a way to grant each person a right to that wealth, and a right to any decision making processes regarding the distribution of that wealth.. this is distinct form commoning – a type of governance that is based on self org’d sharing arrangements – which is characterized by the sharing of authority/power/control.. relying wholly upon collective action/accountability
? i don’t know.. let’s just get back to an undisturbed ecosystem.. bag the rest.. let’s just see.. rights are a distraction
these communities (ie’s in this chapter) show how – w the right mix of commoning – all cities could become sharing cities – ryan t conway and marco quaglia
it has to be all cities.. and i think we focus on commoning.. sharing seems to convoluted..
care and regen of urban commons – bologna italy.. by labgov
a key tool supporting the regulation are ‘collab pacts’ a collab pact defines the specific commons in question and the rules for collab between stakeholders.. including the city govt.. importantly, the regulation provides for the transfer of tech/monetary support from the city govt to citizens.. it also promotes citizen action in five categories: social innovation & collab services, urban creativity, digital innovation, collab communication, and collab tools/practices that *foster urban commoning
ugh.. too much
free people in an undisturbed ecosystem.. is what would foster urban commoning..
of course what you write/share is better than what we have now.. but it’s not changing the system.. so we’ll need to continue to police/incarcerate/drug ourselves.. to survive.. and we’ll never get to thriving..
how can communities org selves thru alt economies in order to meet their collective needs..
block by block.. nairobi, kenya.. by ryan t conway
perhaps.. city sketch up
open source app loomio used to govern 200 person artist collective.. hamburg, germany.. by neal gorenflo
this online *tool can quickly and easily take input form all community members and, after adequate feedback collection and deliberation on loomio bring the decision back to the main assembly for a final vote.. the software was used for decision about the potential ownership structure of the collective’s housing and remodeling of the main gathering place
let’s just focus on a tool (as it could be..) to gather curiosity from 7 bn people everyday.. i’m guessing those meeting would end up seeming irrelevant/ridiculous.. this would take care of whatever.. ie: new orleans after disaster (next page).. whatever..
we have the means.. begs we go with a problem deep enough for 7 bn people to resonate with it today.. via a mech that is simple enough that 7bn people could access/use it today.. in an ecosystem that is open (undisturbed) enough to set/keep all the people free
liquid feedback – engagement software.. wunstorf, germany.. by ryan t conway
a collab decision making software that is both free and open source..
cool.. but it matters little if it’s gathering nonlegit/nonneeded data..
participatory budgeting… porto alegre, brazil.. by anna bergren miller w marco quaglia
the words participatory and engagement would become superfluous if we worked on an undisturbed ecosystem first.. you need those words.. only because the disturbances (money/measure/incentive.. et al) are keeping us from doing/being them naturally
neighborhood council coalition: empowering neighborhood engagement.. la california.. by ryan t conway
sought to address grievances by developing a system of greater representation
neighbor\hood (govt).. et al.. more about listening than representation..
participatory urban planning – auckland, nz.. by marco quaglia
launched 2011.. included open summit.. public workshops..multiple opps for community to have a voice in final outcome of plan.. *thousands of aucklanders had the opp to give feedback…
we need a means for 7bn people (has to be all of us.. not just *thousands) to have a voice everyday.. ie: 2 convos – which would also make our words be less about feedback to a pkg deal plan.. or grievance or whatever.. and more about curiosity..
alan kay: the best way to predict the future is to invent it
everyday.. instigating utopia.. has to be.. everyday..
co-founder: Neal Gorenflo
part of sharing cities project team: Sharon Ede, Ryan Gourley (trust computer)
4 yr sweden study
The most ambitious #sharingeconomy research project I know of just released a report summarizing their 4 years of work & findings. #SharingCities Sweden was groundbreaking in so many ways. Check it out: https://t.co/SAXlqi4W02
Original Tweet: https://twitter.com/gorenflo/status/1447591600809414661
links to 33 slide deck – study from 2017-2021
#11 There is a lot of talk about ‘system change’ for sustainability, but innovations such as sharing often emerge within the current (unsustainable) ‘system’ (and the attended policies, regulations, and tax regimes). We need to continuously consider transitional futures.. t
A key challenge to address is how to make sharing attractive among a broader spectrum of people, and not only be a niche market associated with a certain lifestyle..t
(under measuring): A key challenge to address is how we can make people more engaged with and committed to the sustainability of the sharing economy.
LEVERAGING: Digital solutions in the sharing economy can open up new opportunities and possibilities that, when used right, can enable resource efficiency, active citizenship and trust-building. A key challenge to address is how to regulate the access to and use of personal data derived from digital platforms..t
ie: tech as it could be
CONNECTING: The sharing economy can be considered as a part of the circular economy. A key challenge to address is how to build trust and make partnerships between organisations in the sharing economy and circular economy — currently many goals and policies in the circular economy are heavily influenced by industry and lack engagement from citizens.
DISRUPTING: Behavior change, new technology, and leadership are crucial not only for the sharing economy but sustainability impact in general. In order to get a critical mass response it is *necessary that radical policy and investments drive change..t A key aspect to understand is that the sharing economy is a tool for sustainability but not the **entire solution.
rather.. *necessary to let legit needs drive change..
Developing behavioural economics experiments focusing on the sharing economy in cities.
“This strategic project increased our understanding of cognitive, motivational and contextual factors affecting decision-making processes of environmentally-friendly choices in urban sharing initiatives. ”
currently most (aka: all) of us are not us.. we have no idea what our legit needs/desires are.. so we think we need external motivations/understandings et al.. but what we need is a means to undo our hierarchical listening to self/others/nature.. so that we can see/grok/hear and org around those legit needs
Enabling: Municipalities can enable the sharing economy through persuasion, argument and incentives. Municipalities can facilitate collaboration between sharing economy organisations, provide information about sharing and offer training on the topic. They can also organise competitions and offer voluntary certification schemes to recognise the best sharing practices in their city.
“The sharing economy can contribute to social, environmental and economic sustainability, and sharing cities can unlock new opportunities and solve urban challenges by facilitating and applying the sharing economy in urban contexts. But it is imperative that the sharing economy is shaped and designed to advance urban sustainability.”