city as commons (policy reader)
[image links to 177 pg pdf]
[links to 34 contributors]
this reader attempts to bring various dimensions of urban commoning into one place.. to provide a resource for urban commons advocates.. which helps to articulate and strategize urban commons transformation projects in a variety of areas..
It is also part of a process of experimentation. Many of the ideas are new: urban collaborative governance, sharing cities, platform cooperativism, open money, the new political contract between citizens and the state, and so on. Therefore, you the reader are in a special position. ..You the readers should go through each of the proposals with scrutiny and discernment.
A simple definition of the commons is: “that which we mutually depend on for our survival and well-being”
Elinor Ostrom’s work, ..showed ..how people effectively manage their common resources as communities, outside of the state-market dualism
David Bollier, provided this succinct definition for what a commons..ie: A social system for the long-term stewardship of resources that preserves shared values and community identity
Michel Bauwens has offered these four categories to explain some of the dimensions of the commons: immaterial, material, produced, inherited
silke and david.. on commoning
christian – ‘any articulation of the urban commons needs to be grounded in a theory of property’
? property ness..no.. a theory of non property maybe
state is a facilitator or enabler for citizen led common ing synonymous w proposal made by michel bauwens and others regarding a ‘partner state’ .. state’s central role is to empower its citizens as a whole..
a leader in the development of urban commons theory and practice is govlab.. developed to train a new breed of professionals.. experts in the governance of urban commons’
from conference nov 2015, govlab distilled these learnings on the urban commons:
5\ role of tech is important of commons, but a means not an end..
tech is huge.. it’s what is diff.. today.. it’s how we ground the chaos of authentic common ing.. ie: as it could be..
7\ uban commons need an ‘industrial plan’ and new economic and/or social institutions to help transition some cities..
10\ there should be safeguards
critical themes: contract; citizenship; value exchange system; visibility for what has ben invisible; new way of seeing city
design and the city commons – marco bevolo
spatial agency – .. redistribution of decision making .. ezio manzini: ‘design, when everybody designs’
let’s try.. 2 convos.. as infra.. focus on listening to all the voices.. everyday.. rather than decision making (ie: if people were truly free.. i don’t think we’d be spending our days deciding on the things we keep trying to figure out how to decide on today).. as it could be..
active transit & city commons: putting people back into the city & city back into place – anthony james
repurposing public spaces in a city as a commons: the library – sandrina burkhardt
heritage and city commons – marta botta
repurpose empty spaces as preservation of heritage
sharing cities: an asset based approach to he urban commons – darren sharp
shareable’s sharing city network.. self org for asset mapping
have/need ness.. until people are truly free.. we have no idea what we really want/need
city govts have a major role to play in designing the infra, service and regulation that enable sharing in all tis forms..
community currencies and city commons – michael linton
city commons money is community money.. . that provides us w a measure of ourselves.. w/o its own money, a city continually needs money from elsewhere..
common money ends monetary poverty. this is an essential first step to addressing material poverty
only thing i didn’t resonate with in assembly.. ‘common money’
while reading.. fb share by michel:
an economy should never suffer from lack of currency to enact exchanges
commons money requires that all users, w/o admin intervention, can create currencies and declare their terms..
time banks and city commoning – teppo eskelinen
time banks: build social relation between members on the community;..
how much time/energy will then be spent on all that measuring..? too much
time banks: encourage active citizenship, particularly amongst those who normally volunteer least;..
we’ve got to stop measuring
time banks: create social safety nets for isolated people (ie: elderly people)
our best bet at a safety net: gershenfeld sel
what the time banks need is to be able to flourish and grow w/o arbitrary restriction to their activities or forced valuation in official currencies
rather – what people need is to be able to flourish and grow w/o arbitrary restriction to their activities or forced valuation in official currencies/time-banks/exchanges
construction waste transformation and city commons – scott boylston
platform coops for democratic cities – nathan schneider
coworking: challenges and opps for a prosperous and fair new econ – julian waters-lynch
david harvey – the right to the city
coworking ie’s: enspiral
orchards and the cit as a commons – timothy dolan
cosmo-localism and urban commoning – josé ramos
cosmo localism – design global/manufacture local.. ie: global village; fabcity;.. intellectual property is available globally for all to use
city commons and energy demand – josh floyd
forty years ago, ivan illich recognised that beyond a certain threshold of energy use ‘technical processes begin to dictate social relations’..
energy intensive mechanisation is capital intensive and requires high level of tech specialisation.. regardless of the primary energy source.. a vicious cycle results.. the decisions open to citizens about how they spend their time become increasingly constrained by investment decisions of those who control capital flows.. and by the tech specialists who design the systems of mechanisation.. civic participation then requires citizens to be both consumers.. and producers.. therefore, there are commons oriented benefits available where cities make efforts to converge on sufficient, rather than max, energy demand levels..
i’ not aware of any city scale situation to date where ‘demand sufficiency’ has been pursued.. there are .. situations where this is an implicit co-benefit.. ie: slow cities; hans monderman’s shared space.. ie: calm traffic et al..
parallels can be seen in permaculture design principles.. take advantage of natural energy flows to max possible extent..
at large scale, bhutan’s efforts to pursue a development path based on gross national happiness in preference to gdp are potentially aligned w a demand sufficiency ethos..
promote and support reduced and flexible working hours, in order to increase the viability of ‘human powered’ options for meeting basic needs by reducing time pressure
it’s time to create chambers of commons – david ronfeldt
idea picked up by bollier and bauwens in 2013.. by 2015 a few prototypes efforts were in planning.. a parallel proposal by bauwens for assemblies of the commons is proving more attractive) in europe
pro commons ideas are mostly advance piece meal by dispersed issue specific civil society ngos (ie: sierra club, electronic frontier foundation)
sharing cities: governing the city as commons – duncan mclaren and julian agyeman
@mclaren_erc and @julianagyeman
buen vivir – genuine inclusion et al
devolved commons governance for cities – david week
yochai: no theory of commons can afford to exclude
technical-rational decision making has its place, but it can only deal w explicit knowledge it cannot deal w the tacit knowledge of the citizenry: their embodied, lived experience of their urban world. this can only be elicited thru conversation between citizens. and this require s a more intimate level of governance than is afforded by the large bureaucratic state..t
consider a dept of neighbourhoods..
anticipatory governance and the city as a commons – josé ramos
builds on experiments.. tapping into citizen knowledge can create the requisite awareness for change that provides agility and new pathways for city policy making and change efforts..
or do away w them.. (policy and change efforts)
w/o anticipation a city’s polities are likely to be reactive at bet and misguided at worst.. anticipation allows a city’s policies to be adaptive while driving toward preferred futures
it is also important that the direction or vision for a city or municipal region reflect the common good for all of its people..
city’s vision/purpose is driven thru the multifaceted and dynamic knowledges and wisdom of its may citizens..
1\ ongoing process
2\ deeper wisdom/data
self-talk as data
citizens are critical to the energy needed, data requirements..t
ie’s: institute for future has used its ‘foresight engine’
twine online data gathering w live intelligence building workshops that allow citizen foresight potential to develop and build.. deeper citizen connections and synergies
a civic union – david week
civic sector has no rep voice comparable to govt/business.. individuals, households, .. do not have forums/systems for communication w each other .. mechs for organising themselves ..t
software platforms: nextdoor, cityscapeapp, streetlife, nabo
tax reform for a commons based city – karl fitzgerald
land use is a prominent commons issue. if we get this right, so man other aspects of life become attainable
the value of living in a community is quantified by the price we pay to live there..
the classic ie of unearned income is land.. all land was a gift of nature..
land becomes more profitable the more it is hoarded enforcing scarcity rents
taxes on natural monopolies are key to a modern commoning city
i wouldn’t call that common ing.. just like i wouldn’t call air bnb sharing
tax delinquent private property and city commons – paula z segal
community land trusts – karl fitzgerald
the city as a regional commons – colin russo
i wouldn’t call it common\ing unless it’s global
open data and city commons – paula z segal
open data matters
true.. what matters more though is legit data.. until 7bn people are awake.. data is skewed/corrupted.. and then we spend our days collecting/reading/believing it.. so it gets exponentially worse..
alt: self-talk as data – wakes us up (detoxes us) and focuses on what matters.. simultaneously
human service directory data as a commons – greg bloom
today info about community resources (ie: health, human and social services available to people in need) is scattered across a fragmented landscape of siloed info systems
not to mention .. it’s not legit data.. it’s for whales in sea world..
if the many diff kinds of ‘community resource databases’ could recognize a *common language and share resource data thru **interoperable techs.. t
the unseen city: commons oriented cities and the commons beyond – sharon ede
the more a city can become locally productive in most of its needs, the less it is likely to act as a ‘remote control’ on other communities’ commons.. t
ie: fab city from fablab
cities who truly ‘walk the talk’ of the commons will also seek to minimise the impact of their unseen city on the commons of other communities
culture as commons – arlene goldbard
culture is another word for our intangible commons
to enable development and awareness of he commons that is more than an abstraction to the people who co create it.. must have social and legal standing and explicitly named value in policy deliberations..
or.. to my thinking on common ing.. no legalities/deliberations/policy..et al
rather: meadows undisturbed ecosystem
ubuntu as a primer for city commons – charles ikem
the philosophy of ubuntu is more about commons than communes..david bollier: ‘the art of commoning is approached form the inner dimensions – how people relate to each other’..
unbuntu is the belief in a universal bond of sharing that connects all humanity.. humanity towards others that stress interconnectedness..
strategies for unbuntu (only listing some):
family: the core of the community is family
connection and identity
more town hall meetings
identify passionate voices
rather.. listen to all the voices.. everyday.. as it could be..
cultural intelligence (cq) and the city as commons – cherie minniecon
to help those in power to understand the perspectives of those who remain *marginalised.. **misunderstood and continue to live on the *fringes of society
david livermore argues that a high cq comes from having a strong sense of self and id.. less likely to respond from place of fear, intimidation o defense..
if you or even an entire city knows its *id.. and has principles of inclusion and participation.. then there is an assumption that points of difference would be met w a healthy openness, curiosity and sensitivity to ones’ knowledge of how their own perspectives/cultural positioning may be perceived or impact others..
ultimately cq development enables the capability to sit in discomfort when our reference points are worldview are being challenged.. it is the space where emergence of new ways of being together can take place if we are wise enough to acknowledge this active space between us
no one likes to have their id ignored, abused, challenged or denied..
creates a culturally safe and dynamic city
safest safety net: gershenfeld sel
ie: the human library .. creating safe spaces for people to explore their perceptions.. challenge worldviews..
human (open) library
bologna celebrates one year of a bold experiment in urban commoning – neal gorenflo
from ladies not able (illegal) to put park benches in park 2011.. to new regulations where citizens could help (2015)
project leader christian iaione
no longer was placemaking for urban design experts who plan everything out in advance, but rather it was for everyone in a real time multistakeholder dance that included both planned and spontaneous elements.. i began to see the possibilities for an entirely new way to live in a city that was evermore creative, spontaneous and social than what cities already offer..t
two points stood out in our convo.. 1\ citizens as active managers of resources.. instead of passive recipients of services 2\ old idea of commons needed an upgrade in the urban context…ie: beyond forests, fisheries, and pastures..
room must be made for urban commons in a city’s admin law and processes.. they must be productively linked to other sectors of with a city.. this arguable makes urban commons more complex to set up.. but could provide more protection for them than what’s typical for natural resource commons, which are prone to enclosure..
milano, new practices to booster social innovation – monica bernardi
smart city.. sharing city.. as evolution of practices of smartness w deep focus on people..
the emergence of assemblies of the commons – maia dereva
events clearly id’d as related to commons began to be org’d in 2009.. and are scattered over 30 territories in 2013.. the same year, michel bauwens popularized the concept of ‘chamber of commons’.. and quickly supplements it w the concept of ‘assembly of commons’ , in an appeal: proposed next steps for the emerging p2p networks and commons
governance is currently based on consent: as long as nobody makes a reasoned objection, the meeting records progress.. after 6 months of operation (7 assemblies) no major objections were raised.. should this happen, the meeting would focus on dialogue rather than voting..
stigmergy as org
history and evolution of the chamber of commons idea – david ronfeldt.. compilation by michel bauwens
david bollier: ‘timely idea.. a way to advance the commons paradigm’
david: ‘we need to create a new focal point for making commoning more visible in an org’d way’
michel – powerful triad: 1\ civic/political (alliance of commons).. 2\ economic (commons global local phyles).. 3\ political/econ (chamber of commons)
michel viewed the camber as a way for ’emergent coalitions of commons friendly ethical enterprises’ to form counterparts to the business oriented chamber of commerce
chamber and assembly.. separate like church and state
goal: new type of post capitalist econ/society.. org’d around the commons and p2p principles.. served by a new type of state.. the partner state.. chambers and assembles as bridge to fields of action
bauwens: ‘the commons transition plan is based on a simultaneous transition of civil society, the market and the state forms’
big blue sky: re igniting the art of citizenship – christine mcdougall
from entitlement to empowerment
zaragoza activa, an ecosystem of entrepreneurship, social innovation and creativity in an old sugar factory – raúl oliván
library for youngsters..
while reading city as commons this tweet
lisagansky (@instigating) tweeted at 5:32 AM – 23 Jul 2018 :
Uncommon thinking abt our urban #commons @TNatureOfCities @ArjenWals @rowemw @johan_enqvist @raulpacheco @aprilrinne @mbauwens @EskoKilpi @njbowden @lesamitchell @gorenflo #cities https://t.co/DZEObbBZxZ (http://twitter.com/instigating/status/1021357417572065282?s=17)
In this roundtable, we ask 16 people to talk about some key ideas that motivate their work, and how these ideas have roots in the ideas of either Jacobs or Ostrom, or both.
jane (city) elinor (commons)
In the words of Jane Jacobs, “Cities have the capability for providing something for everybody, only because and only when, they are created by everybody’’.
has to be everybody