[image via david graeber‘s twitter pic.. story is below.. tweet linked to image above]
*The Golden Bull of 1356 (German: Goldene Bulle, Latin: Bulla Aurea) was a decree issued by the Imperial Diet at Nuremberg and Metz (Diet of Metz (1356/57)) headed by the Emperor Charles IV which fixed, for a period of more than four hundred years, important aspects of the constitutional structure of the Holy Roman Empire. It was named the Golden Bull for the golden seal it carried [..] Besides regulating the election process, the chapters of the Golden Bull contained many minor decrees. For instance, it also defined the order of marching when the emperor was present, both with and without his insignia
The clock was installed in the church in 1506. The Holy Roman Emperor is shown seated with the prince-electors surrounding him.
The clock mechanism is activated at midday, when a bell is rung to start the sequence and is followed by the trumpeters and drummer. Then there is a procession of the electors around the figure of the Holy Roman Emperor.
running of men/boys – männleinlaufen
significant changes in the psychological atmosphere accompanied the economic development of capitalism. a spirit of restlessness began to pervade life toward the end of the middle ages. the concept of time in the modern sense began to develop. minutes became valuable; a symptom of this new sense of time is the fact that in nurnberg the clocks have been striking the quarter hours since the 16th cent..
too many holidays began to appear as a misfortune. time was so valuable that one felt one should never spend it for any purpose which was not useful.. work became increasingly a supreme value..
ie: we now celebrate (holidays for) fathers, black lives, children, the earth, whatever.. one day a year.. because we’re so busy w ie: work/school(seat time)/efficiency/supposed-to‘s.. the rest of the time/day
tweet while reading just now
Love humanity’s optimism (or sex drive). Couple making out on the floor of the airport at 6:00am. Love knows no time.
Original Tweet: https://twitter.com/gsiemens/status/988881259559452672
the idea of efficiency assumed the role of one of the highest moral virtues.. at the same time, the desire for wealth and material success became the all absorbing passion..
from.. .better to keep slaves busy .. no time on hands to plot to flee or revolt.. to.. you’re on my time.. idleness not so much dangerous.. but theft.. ..this is important because the idea that one person’ time can belong to someone else is actually quite peculiar..
as moses finley observes, any such notion would have to involve two conceptual leaps.. first.. to think of potter’s capacity to work, his ‘labor power’ as a thing that was distinct from the potter himself (buy him as slave understandable.. buy his time not).. and second, to devise some way tot o]our that capacity out.. into uniform temporal containers – hours, days, work shifts.. that could then be purchased using cash.. how could you buy time..?
so how did we get to the situation we see today, when it’s considered perfectly natural for free citizens of democratic counties to rent themselves out in this way.. or for a boss to become indignant if employees are not working every moment of ‘his’ time
first had to involve a change in the common conception of what time actually was
in places w/o clocks time is measured by actions rather than action being measured by time.. (ie: distance to village.. two cookings of pot of rice)
edward evan evans pritchard speaking of the neur, a pastoral people of east africa: the neur have no expression equivalent to ‘time’ in our language, and they cannot, therefore as we can speak of time as though it were something actual, which passes, can be wasted, can be saved, and so forth.. i do not think that they ever experience the same feeling of fighting against time or having to coordinate activities w an abstract passage of time, because their points of reference are mainly the activities themselves, which are generally of a leisurely character. events follow a logical order, but they are not controlled by an abstract system, there being no autonomous points of reference to which activities have to conform w precision. neur are fortunate..
time is not a grid against which work can be measured, because the work its the measure itself
let’s go for ongoing fittingness.. ie: eudaimonia
AJ Juliani (@ajjuliani) tweeted at 4:39 AM – 15 Jul 2018 :
Seneca on The Shortness of Time https://t.co/lnz4vQkZlM via @farnamstreet (http://twitter.com/ajjuliani/status/1018445061804167168?s=17)
Unlike the predictable reaction we have to someone throwing away money (they’re crazy), we fail to think of the person who wastes time as crazy. And yet time is a truly finite, expendable resource: The amount we get is uncertain but surely limited. It’s even more insane to waste than money — we can’t make any more when it runs out!
The Roman philosopher Seneca said it well in a letter to Paulinus:
It is not that we have a short space of time, but that we waste much of it. Life is long enough, and it has been given in sufficiently generous measure to allow the accomplishment of the very greatest things if the whole of it is well invested. But when it is squandered in luxury and carelessness, when it is devoted to no good end, forced at last by the ultimate necessity we perceive that it has passed away before we were aware that it was passing. So it is—the life we receive is not short, but we make it so, nor do we have any lack of it, but are wasteful of it.
Maria Popova (@brainpicker) tweeted at 6:01 AM – 17 Jul 2018 :
“The sense of deep time brings a deep peace with it, a detachment from the timescale, the urgencies, of daily life… a profound sense of being at home, a sort of companionship with the earth.” Gorgeous @OliverSacks read: https://t.co/vpV99VLoHZ (http://twitter.com/brainpicker/status/1019190232258891779?s=17)
Sleepymachine (@dreamysleeper) tweeted at 5:54 AM – 6 Sep 2018 :
Then I went to uni library—surprised: I read & understood decent portions of a few books (totally diff) in 1 sitting! Many hours passed: no ticking clock says I must absolutely be elsewhere. Maybe @davidgraeber’s clock logo’s clear now: in a good day, most hours fall away https://t.co/LgTbBidH5b (http://twitter.com/dreamysleeper/status/1037670363273019393?s=17)
sacred commodities: the meso origins of product branding
a primary application of the writing system lay in distinguishing between subclasses of products on the basis of their constituent materials, ingredients and labour. labour was itself quantified in standard, commoditized units of timekeeping, from which our own sixty minute hour is ultimately derived
time and space – needed
time/talent/share – sing for gas