very cool documentary via collaborative society feb 2014:
Howard Rheingold is a visionary writer and teacher on the subjects of new media and technology. He is the author of many books – his latest being “Net Smart”. He has taught at UC Berkeley and Stanford University amongst others.
Ever wondered how networks permeate our worlds or if the internet catalytic effects could resemble that of an enzyme? Why does the future of digital culture depend on your use of it? Come with us, as we explore some of these questions with Howard Rheingold.
not just a typewriter but a mind amplifier
ronald holt – structural holes..
diverse networks and networks that have bridges
My first encounter with Howard:
One of my first encounters with the web was like three-four years ago. It was a fireside chat (podcast) with Howard Rheingold, Dean Shareski, and Alec Couros.
It was there I started thinking about the importance of considering..
ever since, (or maybe before without my being able to verbalize it) I’ve been craving convos like that.
Being a part of and listening to.. people.. think out loud.
the art of conversation.
the art of the web connections.
Who’s together per choice, web and/or face to face… I love this advice he put on facebook, when he was sharing that it was his 35th wedding anniversary:
My advice to my daughter about relationships: Is it fun? And (equally important) Does he have your back? Judy has waded into streetfights on my behalf, nursed me through chemotherapy, bailed me out of jail, cared for my mother when she was dying….I can’t begin to enumerate all the ways she has supported me when times weren’t so fun. Ah…don’t get me started.
A second major learning from Howard was his reference to Barry Wellman’s networked individualism in his book, Net Smart, p. 57 ish.
Some of my fav parts (might clean this up later.. for now including it all – as is – while I took notes):
his note to Judy and Mamie – w/o you what’s the point
love watching people.. figuring them out.. indulging in ongoing curiosities about them.. so reading all his ventures was lovely. his attention toward people.. refreshing.
smart mob – people wo are able to act in concert even if they don’t know each other
these devices will help people coordinate actions w/others around the world – and, perhaps more importantly w/people nearby (resonate w/a quiet revolution, city as floorplan)
mobiles – not just a way to do old things while moving, a way to do things that couldn’t be done before.
not just about building tools, but what we use the tools to do.
he described my node/net moment in nyc on p 2.
cell – as remote control for your life
helps you to live in rhythm with others
60’s – self interest = public good – are we there again? p. 48
copyleft – like paper tape in mit drawer
the person has become the portal (networked individualism) p.57
like going put on your x-d glasses:
p. 60: when network aimed at broadcast – linear; when transaction between individual nodes – squared; when it includes ways to form groups – exponential
machines have no business sleeping
genius of naptster – no altruistic sharing motives need be present, … sharing is the default.. p. 72
via doctorow – relevance switching: creating own self-udatig map of net by querying the social networks of people who share your interests p. 77
mesh.. p, 80 – sheep shit grass, every user provisions the resource he consumes
detox app .. p. 87 – tech help you to know what you need to know and helps connect you to groups that would benefit you and you can benefit
p. 100 – making it possible to click on the real world and expert something to happen, 5 bill codes scanned, and from 2003, detox app thinking so doable, no?
p. 102 – chips in air – happening yet?
gershenfeld – the real promise of connecting computers is to free people, by embedding the means to solve problems in the things around us
people who trust each other inherit each other’s webs of trust.
hiding crap is the easy part. the real achievement is finding quality.
reputation/transparency/surveillance – induces people to police themselves..
kept talking about people finding loopholes.. made me think of bud’s post today
p. 132 – marc smith – if people who can provide one another with a needed good or service can easily find one another and get assurances and recourse so that they can trust one another , a wealth of pent-up value can be released.
new to me 802.11b means – wireless cards…
wifi popping up in expensive coffee shops
ch 6 – wireless quilts – want kosta to see
telecommunications spent 150 bill in late 1990’s (so now don’t want it to be free?)
if one thing unites the disparate wifi activists, it’s the conviction that they are asserting a right to a public good
check out video of colonel dave hughes (from colorado – co city) – wifi on indian reservations
lessig on machiavelli – innovation makes enemies of all those who prospered under the old regime, and only lukewarm support is forthcoming from those who would prosper under the new p. 155
kelly – how do humans exhibit emergent behavior?
p. 179 – Bernardo Humberman, collective intelligence, emergence
p. 194 – Maenpaa – places and times are not planned in advance; rather people agree (or just understand without further mention) to call “when they get there.” this makes life less bound, since it is possible to arrange each day according to the events it brings about.
i love this… perpetual beta.. always in the now.. shift on thinking of time
p. 195 – barry wellman – networked individualism.. it is easier for individuals to connect with multiple social milieux, with limited involvement in each one, which in turn diminishes the control each milieu exercises over the individual and decreases its commitment to the individual’s welfare. people switch fluidly from network to netwrok, using their communication media to contact the social network needed for each moment..
i love this as well.. diminishes the control..
p. 196 – love this as well – the presence of those who are absent…
p. 200 – joseph weizenbaum – ai, 1976
p. 202 – how ubiquitous mobile internet access and info embedded in places might reshape cities
p. 212 – howard: i have used the term “smart mobs” because i believe the time is right to combine conscious cooperation , the fun kind, with the unconscious reciprocal altruism that is rooted in our genes.
our choice.. what we know and what we do matters…
More sage advice:
“In previous eras, it may have been true that “it’s not what you know but who you know.” Today how you know what you know matters as much as who you know, and one of the most valuable traits a person could have in a twenty-first-century organisation is a knack for knowing “who know who knows what.”” (Howard Rheingold)
There’s one formula for collective intelligence: introduce a large number of people making refined decisions to a platform that makes it easy for them to share those decisions, add intrinsic value to the curation platform that serves the curators’ self-interest, mix in ways for individual curators to group and communicate. If it sounds easy, the hidden difficulty lies in recruiting a sufficiently large population of participants.
Humans keep changing the way we communicate — writing, the alphabet, print, telephone, broadcast media. And with new media practices come new social practices or new twists on older social practices. We attach familiar names to the new — horseless carriages and wireless telegraphs came to be known as automobiles and radios, and now we have Internet radio, shortwave radio, FM radio, satellite radio. Affinity spaces and hacker spaces, co-working spaces are emerging in the physical and the online world. So I do agree with Gee that it doesn’t make sense to call every affinity group a community, as well as agreeing with Wellman that people can receive the general benefits most people attribute to communities from online communications.
descartes – we need an entire new way of thinking
printing – changed how many people are literate like crazy – which changed how we did things.. changed our ability to work together..
syllabus for net smart – higher ed and hs
6 min – my mom (art teacher) didn’t teach technique so much as she taught permission. ie: not so much about the art – but the conversation you have with yourself while you’re making/creating art
parents telling him – the problem is not you – it’s the institution of school. my parents vigorously fought for my right to color outside the lines..we’re encouraged to pick a tribe.. pick some culture that’s been created for you..8 min – i decided – i didn’t want to fit into a niche… i wanted a career that would enable me to think about what i wanted to think about..15 min – are we in control of where our attention goes..16 min – pay attention to when your attention moves away from your intention..
25 min – if anyone who makes choices.. makes those choices available..interview w/robin good27 min – the commons – a resource for which no one can be excluded –so the problem w/commons is that they can be enclosed..
30 min – how to help commons.. if no additional cost – make your stuff available to others.. the more i share the more comes back to me..
7 min – every unsecure transaction is a good ie of the prisoner’s dilemma11 min – Elinor Ostromhumans do destroy commons.. but also many escape prisoner’s dilemma.. via collective actionwe may be moving into an economic realm very different from what we’ve known
13 min – Yochai Benkler..another econ form
19 min i- what forms of suffering could be alleviated if we knew a little more about cooperation
Past, Present, and Future of Virtual Communities
I’m retiring from Stanford in about a week. A student made a short video about me. Students like this is why I did it.
and the sentiment..
doing things that don’t require words to go through my head..
we’ve got to figure out a way (to use all this tech) that is beneficial to all of us
monday, march 12, 2012
- intentional attention – intention is the fuel of attention
- networked individualism, breathing is the regulator of attention, if you don’t know how to be alone, you will always be longely..turkle
- democratization enables vulgarization, mindfulness is most important practice for anyone trying to swim through infostream, instead of being swept away by it,
- do what you normally do, just do it with awareness
- don’t refuse to believe, refuse to start out believing
- those who contribute info online, show higher levels of concern about credibility. a 10 yr old online game enthusiast or videoblogger may do more sophisticated credibility testing than an 18 yr old uni student who doesn’t use the web much
- i might add credibility … if verified prof, md or phd, but i wouldn’t subtract it from people w/o credentials whose expertise seems authentic
- journalism is becoming something more akin to a network than a guild
- not drowning is not the same as swimming..
- expertise in recognizing expertise
- messing around – friendship driven community
- geeking out – interest driven community
- media sharing and production as a form of social currency
- am i drunk on participation, or cashing in on it..
- a mind that has changed is more likely to imagine a world that can change
- learn to ignore trolls (nasties) and pay attention to critics; they are your teachers, giving you free advice
- curation is short for – we are all each other’s filter
- google itself is not the curator, we are
- godin: if we live in a world where info drives what we do, the info we get becomes the most important thing. the person who chooses that info has power.
- pic something very specific and become the world authority on it.. own that small niche
- you can’t easily erase bad talk about you online, better to dilute it with good talk – boyd
- the successful use of twitter depends on knowing how to tune the network of people you follow, and how to feed the network of people you follow – twitter is a flow
- tim berners lee and web, he didn’t want to own it, he wanted to use it
- the lack of a need for either permission or rewiring was possible because lee was into collabing
- socia norms of trust, sharing, and reciprocity enables people to accomplish tasks together in novel ways
- paying attention to each other – literally the ability to look where another person is pointing. the multiple person attention dance known as learning is our species most powerful invention
- trust lubricates markets
- wayne macphail – prof in canada: you need coordination to dance, cooperation to dance with a partner, and collaboration to dance with a flash mob
- move from mutual benefit to common purpose
- the ability to thrive in a chaotic collaborative environment: emergensight
- collaboration radar, sixth sense about who would make the best collaborators on a particular task
- joi ito: if you’ve never read any business case histories, but you’ve run a guild, or organized a raid, or spent time resolving drama and disputes in w of w, your mind-set is well prepared for the real world in a very different way than a college mba would be prepared to run a company
- collective intelligence: nobody knows everything, everyone knows something, everything is shared/accessible to all
- knowing the diff between a community and a network is as critical socially as crap detection is essential informationally
- assume goodwill
- jeff howe, wired mag, gave the name crowdsourcing to the phenomenon of breaking problems or tasks in to small pieces, and then making an open call for voluntary participation
- businesses inviting customers to help design products (duke, davidson, ipods)
- empower people to experiment – weber
- make it easy for people to contribute
- if you can let yourself be filled with the love for that shared goal, you can get past a lot of editing differences – wales, wikipedia
- antoine de saint exupery: if you want to build a ship, don’t drum up people together to collect wood and don’t assign them tasks and work, but rather teach them to long for the endless immensity of the sea
- if more people repair vandalism than commit it, then the system becomes robust even it, paradoxically, it remains vulnerable (boyd-ish again)
- the key value of wikipedia is its transparency (if teachers could embrace wikipedia more, we could be practicing critical thinking more)
- fear inactivity more than making mistakes
- christakis: the surprising implication is that at least part of your happiness might depend on people you never met, network awareness might be vital to your health and happiness
- exponentiality.. many to many
- in a network dominated by linear connectivity value growth, content is king (sarnoff)
- in a network that is squared or parabolic – transactions become central (metcalf)
- in a network that is exponential – jointly constructed value is central (reed)
- in social systems, the amount of centrality (how well the node interconnects people in diff parts of networks) can be more powerful than the degree or number of ties
- my research mehodology – stumble on something, become curious, ask others, and then look where others point.
- shift from a group-centric sociality to what wellman callsnetworked individualism (interdependency i’m thinking) – rather than relying on a single community for social capital, individuals often must actively seek out a variety of appropriate people and resources for diff situations – the person has become the portal
- most important criteria for getting help, help others, pay it forward, we have hard data on that.
- innovation depends on continual informal interaction in cafes and bars and on the street
- unlike financial capital, trust increases when you use it and becomes depleted if not used
- success also depends on how different the people you know are from each other
- as parents are panicking, teens have been learning
- there is no single recipe for a mindful life in the digital mediasphere;reflection is required (detox)
- today, how you know who you know matters as much as who you know, …. who knows who knows what…
- baron – change – good or bad – in language, thought, and society depends ultimately on individual choice.
- spike in oxytocin occurs after using twitter for 10 min
- attention literacy is reflective. crap detection is analytic. participation is deliberate.
thank you much Howard…
april 2013 – at uni of utrecht (netherlands) – Howard starts about 16 min in:
46 min in – we wouldn’t be talking about the web at all if it weren’t for participation. it wasn’t started by a government, but by people..
Howard guest posts on the peeragogy handbook:
The Peeragogy Handbook (http://peeragogy.org) is a peer-created and peer-maintained online resource for peer learners. The Web is a cornucopia of texts and tools for motivated self-learners, from YouTube and Google to Big Blue Button and Open Educational Resources. Never before has so much knowledge and so many communication media been available for learners. The Peeragogy Handbook is a resource for those who have the motivation and the access to online texts and tools, but who could use some help with group peer-learning pedagogy. The Peeragogy Handbook was created by a network of more than 30 volunteers around the world — and is open to anyone who wants to enlarge and improve it.
on teacher appreciation day – we get this from Howard on fb:
On teacher appreciation day, I have to start with Mrs. Rheingold, my mother and art teacher, who fiercely defended my right to color outside the lines. I wrote a little bit about her on the art tab of my website: http://rheingold.com/art-gallery/
This is my mom, Hannah Geraldine Rheingold, toward the end of her life, at 99. When she died, I wrote about her on my blog of the time. The next day, I started getting email. She had retired from teaching thirty five years ago. Her former students, dozens of them, had not known how to find her until I wrote that. So many of them needed to testify about how they didn’t realize until later how she had changed their lives by simply allowing them to make art. Thank you, Mrs. Rheingold, for giving us permission.
and here is Mamie, Howard’s daughter – documenting a DIY school with her dad.
this is evidence of a rich man:
last i checked he had 242 rich – heart-felt responses…
Howard Rheingold This thread has been an amazing experience for me as well as my students. Life online can lead to very rich interactions.
oh my… Howard in 1976 as martian reporter:
written in 1963:
The Selling of Democracy: Commodification and the Public Sphere
There is an intimate connection between informal conversations, the kind that take place in communities and virtual communities, in the coffee shops and computer conferences, and the ability of large social groups to govern themselves without monarchs or dictators. This social-political connection shares a metaphor with the idea of cyberspace, for it takes place in a kind of virtual space that has come to be known by specialists as the public sphere.Here is what the preeminent contemporary writer about the public sphere, social critic and philosopher Jurgen Habermas, had to say about the meaning of this abstraction:
By “public sphere,” we mean first of all a domain of our social life in which such a thing as public opinion can be formed. Access to the public sphere is open in principle to all citizens. A portion of the public sphere is constituted in every conversation in which private persons come together to form a public. They are then acting neither as business or professional people conducting their private affairs, nor as legal consociates subject to the legal regulations of a state bureaucracy and obligated to obedience. Citizens act as a public when they deal with matters of general interest without being subject to coercion; thus with the guarantee that they may assemble and unite freely, and express and publicize their opinions freely.
In this definition, Habermas formalized what people in free societies mean when we say “The public wouldn’t stand for that” or “It depends on public opinion.”
The Internet as Playground and Factory
A good short convo abt literacies of attention, crap detection, participation, collaboration, network know-how https://t.co/rSlSBayNsC
Original Tweet: https://twitter.com/hrheingold/status/606153641578360833
on creating a healthier commons
I’m making a slow exit from my explorations and practices around digital media & learning as I spend more time making/learning art
5 min – jon: a word .. made up.. (hashtag).. to draw us together.. how profoundly diff that is..
6 min – howard: also very web like that hashtag was invented by twitter user.. not by twitter.. ie: wasn’t in mind of people who created platform…
9 min – jon: danger of losing things.. as we pkg things up
gardner: our complaints about lack of agility in collaborating.. yet .. holding back on tools we have
10 min – jon: in the end.. this is not something you can explain to people.. although that helps..ie: wikipedia screen cast i made… until you give people an experience that directly involves them… embed them in that world…it doesn’t really sink in. .. so that’s been my overriding challenge.. how to put people into the driver seat..
11 min – gardner – on community calendaring..
jon: i haven’t been able to scale out … putting people in the driver’s seat….. standards.. calendar structures.. those are sorts of literacies i would hope school would teach my kids.. that info can have structure..
could we be moving past this now..? standards.. not dumbing down… but allowing.. all the ways… d weinberger.. too big to know.. structure less ness.. so that we can now use ie: blockchain, deep address, .. let tech facilitate madness.. so that we can swim in ie: idiosyncratic jargon.. et al.. rather than ie: jumping through hoops to fit in somewhere..
15 min – howard: irony of people saying don’t have tech means.. is that what’s the web was originally offering..
17 min – jon: writing on web.. is colonizing own space on web…. on calendars… on how we keep adding same info in all spaces… rather than ie: coin in one space and we can all access.. web of small parts loosely connected – syndication…
21 min – gardner: infrastrucutre becomes a language
22 min – jon: still haven’t been able to convey the power of the tag
24 min – howard: stigmergy ness and ants… they are leaving little signals that reconfigure environment.. don’t need to look under hood
26 min – jon: on the natural language/human ness of the hood.. very organic
what if tech can free us from ie: the alphabet.. words.. et al
28 min – howard: writing on web.. distinction between audience, market, & public
33 min – gardner: what is happening when you use a social construct as language to communicate what you want … what is the experiential context of web literacy.. are there analogies to language (writing) we already know..
35 min – jon: on losing site of writing being major mode.. many don’t use that mode of expression.. for me..
37 min – howard: the word literacy a little misleading because it’s not just writing… all kinds of ways.. activities.. take your interest.. and use that the way the hashtag is ued to activate individuals and communities to help you…
39 min – jon: any body can share expertise.. so when you want to .. you should know how to..
so.. what if we make it simple enough.. for 7 bill people .. today..
42 min – jon: on awakening a grain of sand – such a powerful thing that it’s almost frightening….
43 min – howard: i don’t want to leave out the idea of curation.. if you’re interested in something.. if you share the results of your judgment.. you’re creating a public good useful to everyone else… if you want to establish yourself.. if you curate (the stuff you’re finding) – people interested in that will find their way to you… you are 1\ adding to commons 2\ drawing people to you…
44 min – jon: but only if you do that curation in public.. a lot of people are doing that privately..
so imagine 7 bill doing that.. everyday. as the day..
46 min – jon: i’m worried.. we’re back pedaling…
howard: critical uncertainty.. i think the cu today is whether sign portion of population will continue to understand what makers of web did.. that ie: we can do this… what’s dangerous is the threat of enclosure.. that you have to go to one of these org’s (nature of the enterprise) to share… rather than .. that you have agency.. you can create ie: hashtags… we need a greenspace.. to continue to invent… a generative web… has to be taken by people.. in own hands..
49 min – jon – on domain of one’s own… jim groom… establish own web identities and colonize those spaces…
imagine we don’t wait till uni.. imagine we don’t spend our days in institutions… self talk as data.. as the day..
51 min – gardner – talking a cultural change
55 min – jon: cultural barriers – this question of assessment and eval.. why not just connect kids directly into wikipedia
jon: we’ve got to eval way students are living in network… that’s hard.. id on’t pretend there’s an easy answer
perhaps… it’s not so hard.. perhaps the answer is to disengage from measuring/eval-ing.. why are these brilliant men… still assuming ie: uni, school, et al..
59 min – gardner: my fear is that if higher ed goes.. this space won’t exist anymore…
? unless higher ed dissolves into all of us.. as the day.. we’ll actually have more.. no? city as school/uni
I just published “The Past Futures of Howard Rheingold:” medium.com/p/the-past-fut…
Anyone can read what I wrote (key passages are printed out and displayed with my art) in 1985 about 2005, in 1990 about 2016, in 1992 about 2002, in 2002 about 2012. Did I accurately describe the future, given today’s power of retrospect? Here’s my sense of the future, in black and white, over fifty years; judge for yourself.
The intuitive aspect cannot be denied. Institute for the Future (which will exhibit my art work February-June 2017)knows well that there’s no algorithm or invariant recipe for assembling signals and trends into a coherent scenario of the future that turns out to be accurate. Something else besides research is going on with my forecasting of future social, psychological, cultural, political impacts of emerging technologies — a sense of how it all might fit together, what it might mean, what opportunities and pitfalls each new medium might present.
The wordless conversation with myself I’ve been conducting since age 16 in painted, shaped, constructed, and now programmed media — my art, from my shoes to my illuminated spiderwebs — is what has fed my sense of the shifting gestalt of new technologies, emerging media, and our psychosocial reactions to them.
self-talk as data
Since my teens I’ve continually and ritually explored parts of my mind that can’t be sensed through words. There’s a part of art that involves seeing in new ways and manifesting that way of seeing in an artifact that has some effect on the minds and senses of the viewer. And there’s a part of art that is about allowing new forms to come into being through the artist; this part requires the artist to look rather than see, and to help give form to whatever is bubbling up. My visual art often follows where the manifesting form takes me, rather than rendering an image I already hold in my head. I’ve practiced the art of turning on my internal intuition faucet and then manifesting foresights into communicable media when they come to me through the flow.
I was thinking beyond what experiments should be done next, but on where the electronic amplification of consciousness might lead… in the future.
The focal problem of this thesis is that of *delineating the tools and methods by which one can determine the range of consciousness of which man is capable and the methods of achieving that potential…Mandalas express in symbolic form the interplay between microcosm and macrocosm, inner and outer, between man and the world around him.
the photos alone are worth it.. but so much more.. gem-filled from gem man.. thank you Howard..
One of my better interviews abt social media, learning, literacies, crap detection https://t.co/GkzLkUleTs
Original Tweet: https://twitter.com/hrheingold/status/828349996244217856
8 min – virtual communities – attending weddings/funerals..social capital..
22 min – so much focus/assumption of school ness..ugh
38 min – make art and feed my subconscious.. becoming who you are.. we’re all artists..
39 min – steven johnson new book on play.. knowing how to have fun.. play is how we learn
41 min – virtual communities.. modern communication… and art… what would happen if everybody had a lot of bandwidth… more collabs.. a lot of people bumping into each other..serendipidously and then doing things together..
43 min – we wouldn’t be here today if it weren’t for people who created things they wanted to have fun with..
imagine 7 bn free to play with gershenfeld sel…
howard fb share:
Catalog for my art show at Institute for the Future (thank you, IFTF!) rheingold.com/Catalog.pdf
what happened when I turned 70 https://t.co/dqJ7D8LfEs
Original Tweet: https://twitter.com/hrheingold/status/883834840340086784
1998: “We are all partaking in, and many of us are helping to build, something that none of us understands. There are taboos against looking too critically at the real politics of technology.” https://t.co/ovXhcYwd2s
Original Tweet: https://twitter.com/hrheingold/status/945751947948187648
we need to think about a new way to think about technology..t
let’s try this Howard – tech as it could be
Let’s begin by not mistaking “thinking together” for “rushing for a solution.”
Perhaps the answer is not in the realm of “problem — -> solution.” Perhaps we need to think/feel outside that frame.
indeed.. outside the frame
same day via fb
I wrote “disinformocracy” in 1993 “this notion of online subscribers as commodities isn’t likely to go away. It’s based on one of the most successful money-making schemes in history, the advertising industry”
There is an *intimate connection between informal conversations, the kind that take place in communities and virtual communities, in the coffee shops and computer conferences, and the ability of large social groups to govern themselves without monarchs or dictators. This social-political connection shares a metaphor with the idea of cyberspace, for it takes place in a kind of virtual space that has come to be known by specialists as the public sphere.
What used to be a channel for authentic communication has become a channel for the updating of commercial desire..t
let’s try *2 convos
if there’s hope.. it will come from a new way of looking at technology..we need to look closely at new technologies and ask how they can help build stronger, more humane communities-..t
thinking about thinking about what to do about tech
Not only are these not answers, the list of questions is incomplete. What should I add — and why?
perhaps rather than what can be done about tech (as we’re using it now.. ie: profit/ads).. we ask what could it be.. ie: could it be something to help us make all the things tied to market ness (ads, coops, etc) .. irrelevant..? because measuring us/transactions.. is messing with us.. and ..it seems times are begging/allowing for a leap
@BryanAlexander @bikehugger @rtanglao Lanier doesn’t understand diff bet collective action (voluntary, distributed governance) & collectivism (coerced, central control)
Original Tweet: https://twitter.com/hrheingold/status/946460813669277696
fb share about Fred:
I’ve had very few mentors. Fred Turner was and is one of them.