disco manifesto


1 minute trailer:


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The DisCO Manifesto is a deep dive into the world of Distributed Cooperative Organizations. Over its 80 colorful pages, you will read about how DisCOs are a P2P/Commons, cooperative and Feminist Economic alternative to Decentralized Autonomous Organizations (or DAOs). The DisCO Manifesto also includes some background on topics like blockchain, AI, the commons, feminism, cooperatives, cyberpunk, and more.

dao ness


56 pg pdf


The DisCO’s cousins, the Decentralised Autonomous Organisations, promise to allow people to exchange economic value, to pool resources and form joint-ventures, without control from the centre, in ways that were impossible before blockchains; to agree on how risks and rewards should be distributed and to enjoy the benefits (or otherwise) of the shared activity in the future. However the core concepts of DAOs1 and crypto-economic mechanism design — incentives, penalties and secrecy — are not a natural starting point for most people forming new ventures together. Neither, funnily enough, is money

incentives.. money (any form of measuring/accounting)

By reframing the question from, “How can DAOs or blockchains help us?” to “Why do we need Open Distributed Cooperatives and how do we get them?” DisCOs throw open the door and invite whole new tribes to join together with the crypto-economists on the dancefloor of planetary-scale cooperation, to co-create new moves and movements for working people, and to form common pools of care and value.

warm data: not about collab rather composting..  et al

So what are DisCOs and why do we need them? Let’s take this one track at a time. DisCOs are an approach to forming Distributed Open Cooperatives.


What’s a DisCO? It’s a set of organisational tools and practices for groups of people who want to work together in a cooperative, commons-oriented, and feminist economic form. It’s also an alternative to another type of organization called Decentralized Autonomous Organizations, or DAOs.

We’ll examine the role of supposedly disruptive technologies in social change by providing a critical overview of blockchain technologies, DAOs and Artificial Intelligence. From there, we’ll explain and compare DisCOs to DAOs, and why we stand for “distributed” over “decentralized” and “cooperative” over “autonomous.”

n the four main components of the DisCO framework: the Commons and P2P, Open Cooperativism, Open-Value Accounting, and Feminist Economics.

Why did we write this publication? Because we’ve been observing and interacting with the blockchain space from a very particular point of view, that of the commons, which is sometimes alluded to but often misunderstood. It also brings together our lived experience in Guerrilla Translation and Media Collective and what it means to be a distributed organization based on the needs of people, as opposed to making people fit the needs of software architecture. We strongly believe that DisCOs can be a useful tool for the precariat in self-organizing into purpose-oriented collectives to foster economic counterpowers against predatory capitalism.

here is a simplified summary for those familiar with blockchains and DAOs.

links to stacco‘s – Last Night A Distributed Cooperative Organization Saved My Life: A brief introduction to DisCOs – https://hackernoon.com/last-night-a-distributed-cooperative-organization-saved-my-life-a-brief-introduction-to-discos-4u5cv2zmn

notes from summary:

Doing things like going dancing with friends or colleagues can be fun and spontaneous, with nothing more than some informal or unspoken rules. Of course, if you want to achieve a more defined collective goal, that takes time, patience and more explicit guidelines — and if you really want to be cooperative about it all, it’s even better if you debate and create those guidelines together.

yeah.. i don’t know if we need that

thinking.. undisturbed ecosystem.. ‘in undisturbed ecosystems ..the average individual, species, or population, left to its own devices, behaves in ways that serve and stabilize the whole..’ –Dana Meadows

It stands for Distributed Cooperative Organizations, and it’s a set of organisational tools and practices for groups of people who want to work together in a cooperative, commons-oriented, and feminist economic form. DisCO is also an alternative to another form called the Decentralized Autonomous Organizations, or DAO. If you’re not familiar with DAOs, they are blockchain-based entities that can execute payments, levy penalties, and enforce terms and contracts without human interaction.

While there are many exciting aspects to this technology, DAO projects have mostly prioritised focus on speculative assetstokenization and grandiose promises of disruption, while reproducing many of the power dynamics of the normative systems they aim to disrupt and decentralise. There is also a distinct lack of political and historical awareness of other movements which have prefigured the dynamics of decentralisation and who could benefit from the advantages offered by DAOs.

After analysing the situation, it’s clear that we need counter-cultural alternatives to leverage the positive aspects of DAOs for radically different economic and social ends. Our proposal is the DisCO framework.

The seven DisCO principles build on the existing cooperative tradition, as well as Platform and Open Cooperativism to arrive at a series of guidelines for highly efficient, socially and environmentally-oriented organizations.

platform coop

1\ production is guided not by profit but by social and environmental priorities.

norton productivity law et al

mufleh humanity lawwe have seen advances in every aspect of our lives except our humanity– Luma Mufleh

2\ extend decision making and ownership to all contributors whether present in all value chains or affected by the coop’s actions.

humanity needs curiosity over decision making

3\ Active creators of commons: Unlike the typical behavior of market enterprises that exploit shared resources, DisCOs steward existing common wealth and generate new forms of shared resources. These new commons are created through market and value-tracked pro bono work

market and value tracking.. cancerous to common\ing

4\ Transnational: While physical production is kept local and needs-based following the Design Global, Manufacture Local” logic

5\ Centered on care work

6\ Reimagining the origin and flows of value: Three types of value — productive market value, pro-bono/commons-generating value, and care work value — are tracked through complementary value metrics. Value tracking is applied to all DisCO members, in turn influencing decision making, payments, work priorities, and more.

killer guys..

let’s try/code money (any form of measuring/accounting) as the planned obsolescence

ie: ubi as temp placebo..

7\ Primed for federation: While networks may or may not share common goals, federations are held together by shared commitments.. Each node can be based on small group trust, intimacy and mutual support while still achieving a larger impact through federation.

let’s go this deep: maté basic needs.. or we’ll never really see the dance

The DisCO Framework (Culture) is predicated on care work, and prototypes real world practices. It includes resources such as an educational portal; handbooks; audiovisual materials; infographics; DiSCO-thons and workshops to engage communities in developing and prototyping the model in practice. The purpose is to make DLTs, Contributory Accounting, Feminist Economics and other components accessible to the precariat.

accessible to precariat/anyone?.. how about we let go of thinking we have to train people

let’s try this framework: 2 convers as infra

The DisCO Stack (Structure) will offer plug-and-play systems for the value tracking and online collaboratory dynamics inherent to DisCOs. Utilizing a combination of non-blockchain Distributed Ledger Technologies with public blockchains, the Stack will provide user-friendly, lightweight and energy efficient small node, trustworthy value tracking and economic networking systems.

back to pdf:


As we’ve hinted, DisCOs or Distributed Cooperative Organizations are our way of rescuing the baby from the DAO bathwater. If DAOs have arguably been individualistic, techno-deterministic and male dominated11 (a persistent complaint against the tech world), the Distributed Cooperative Organization proposes corrective measures by prioritizing mutual support, cooperativism and care work among people

So, why use “distributed” over “decentralized”, and “cooperative” instead of “autonomous”?12 Precision in these terms can help define what form of horizontalism these will take, and who has the agency. Yes, it’s about power, again.

distributed graphic.png

Beyond network considerations, we prefer to use “distributed” to explicitly highlight the issue of power. As Spanish cyberpunk theorist David de Ugarte says, “Every network architecture hides a power structure.” Decentralized networks boast of the connectivity among nodes, but not about the power dynamics and influence of each node.


why we haven’t yet gotten to global equity .. because we can’t seem to let go of it (control/power)

To be clear, by “distributed” we are not describing artificially enforced equality, but federated heterarchical and equipotential systems. This basically means that all nodes/persons can engage in consented, fluid modes of governance (something that recent anthropological studies tell us was the norm before the advent of predominantly vertical systems), and that while “peers” in a network are expected to have different talents, personalities and preferences, all have the same rights to contribute to the network and participate in its decisions. So, how can we achieve these structural goals? Through specific governance and federation/replicability patterns that we will describe below.

today we can move beyond consensus.. to equity – everyone getting a go everyday.. but have to let go more


De Filippi warns that DAOs: “…could lead to the establishment of a totalitarian society that is (almost exclusively) regulated by self-enforcing contracts, which establish the rules that everyone must abide by, without any constitutional constraints.”


DisCOs are our proposal to use the power of distributed ledger and peer-to-peer technologies to prioritize taking care of human beings. They constitute an affirmative, entirely feasible vision for new and radical forms of ownership, governance, entrepreneurship, and financialization to fight pervasive economic inequality. At the same time, they focus on building synergies among related but often siloed sectors that urgently need t

ownership, financialization (money ..any form of measuring/accounting).. is not taking care of human beings.. that’s managing human beings.. let go..

let’s do this firstfree art-ists.

for (blank)’s sake

a nother way


A given DisCO node’s own Dunbar number for trusted nodes is around 15-20 members, meant as a viable scale for the inevitable “soft but hard” stuff. But despite the focus on human-level trust, DisCOs are still value tracking at these small scales, daring to even measure the hours spent on something as precious as care work. Why is that?

we have to let go.. of any form of measuring/accounting

beyond dunbar ness

The Commons Transition Primer describes the interaction between Commons and P2P systems in this way:

P2P and the Commons together create a synergy for collaborations at larger scales and levels of complexity. The combination of P2P technical and social infrastructures can support the creation and maintenance of shared and comanaged resources (commons).

In brief, P2P expresses an observable pattern of relations between humans, while the Commons entails the specific what (as in resources), who (the communities gathered around the resources) and how (the protocols used to steward the resources ethically and sustainably for future generations) of these relational dynamics.

commons transition primer

let’s try 2 convers as infra


What we propose for the information and value tracking in a DisCO is a platform that acts as a shared information repository for the cooperative, which we’ll call a “community algorithmic trust” (CAT). In fact, why not just call it the DisCO CAT in honor of the only non-human creature on this planet that has colonized the internet completely. We’ll refrain from trying too hard here, but the CAT might be the most important structural part of the DisCO, and we bow down to our feline overlords.

The CAT platform is where members can input and review information about work done in the cooperative, including managing workflow; updating team documentation (e.g., quarterly review timelines, commitment statements); accounting for their probono, livelihood and care work credits for work performed; creating client invoices and tracking payments; and most importantly, looking at visualizations drawn from the data for these metrics, which show the health of the collective displayed on each member’s individual dashboard.4

let go

unconditional trust – an oxymoron..


“Nothing about us without us” is a slogan that regained prominence in the South African disability movement of the 90s. Plainly put: don’t let others design solutions for your problems without your active participation. CATs need to be built.

rather.. we need to listen to daily curiosity  via tech as it could be.. ie: ie: cure ios city


open value co ops for radical workplace democracy

ie: supposed to’s.. of school/work – cancerous.. let go of workplace ness.. let go of democracy ness.. imagine deeper


David Fleming said, “Large-scale problems do not require large-scale solutions; they require small-scale solutions within a large-scale framework.” Individual commons (e.g., DisCOs such as GMC) are small-scale, trust-based solutions. Large DisCO federations of Open-value cooperatives constitute a potential large-scale framework.

go ginormously smaller


The lead writer for the DisCO Manifesto was Stacco Troncoso with Ann Marie Utratel as co-author and lead editor.



richard on nathan and stacco and disco

Richard D. Bartlett (@RichDecibels) tweeted at 1:02 PM on Thu, Dec 05, 2019:
I am having a happy time listening to this podcast with two of the kindest and smartest fellows I have met: @ntnsndr and @StaccoP2P talking about #feminist economics, #decentralised tech, and the new “Distributed Cooperative Organisation” @discocoop

This month, Spanish activist Stacco Troncoso and his collaborators released the DisCO Manifesto (disco.coop), which proposes a new model for organizations that account for the care work that supports workers and their communities. In this conversation, he explains how the model works and how it challenges norms, both in familiar workplaces and in techno-utopian visions. Troncoso is a founding member of the Guerrilla Media Collective, which is pioneering the DisCO concept.

1 hr podcast

5 min – s: disco is a way for people to work together.. not theoretical.. developed over 5 yrs in my own co op..

6 min – s: work another way .. is .. work is your productive capacity.. where you put your time

8 min – s: ways for people to work together that also have a social issue

let’s just facil daily curiosity  ie: cure ios city..  with 2 convers as infra.. via tech as it could be..

9 min – on guerrilla media collective and ie: guerrilla translation pro bono.. measure the value we created.. measured by word count

let go .. of any form of measuring/accounting

25 mi – s: (on tech and/vs relationship) let’s be clear about the relationships and then see where tech can help

ie: tech as it could be.. listening to every voice everyday.. to augment our interconnectedness

mufleh humanity lawwe have seen advances in every aspect of our lives except our humanity– Luma Mufleh

50 min – david flemming quote: large scale problems require an abundance of small scale solutions.. commons and p2p like wikipedia would be the framework

imagine 8b small scale curiosities.. everyday

51 min – i don’t know what care work would look like at federated level.. maybe meetings w certain rhythms.. having documentation is not enough.. need curation.. 2 way street.. also want to listen to stories..

2 convers as infra

as it could be..


dao ness, daostack, disco, and quiet in a room ness.. et al

DisCO Coop (@discocoop) tweeted at 5:53 AM – 12 Feb 2020 :
Could we create a DAO of Our Own through both economic and symbolic strategies of intervention, which support radical and creative re-imaginings of the world?
A DAO of One’s Own? Feminist strategies for P2P Organisations by @DeniseThwaites
https://t.co/8cdK4XbFFl (http://twitter.com/discocoop/status/1227576335666683904?s=17)

ie: cure ios city

consider whether their engagement can lay foundations for alternative social configurations, or further entrench existing social biases.. To say ‘everyone is welcome’ within a patriarchal system, does little to decentralize the intersection of privileges and prejudices that marginalise certain voices within that system..t

yeah.. need to let go more.. of any form of measuring/accounting

her famous words regarding the need for ‘a room of one’s own’ are pertinent not only because DAO interactions and architectures create their own kind of (online) space, but for Woolf’s articulation of economic and discursive realities that exclude many from participating in the DAO sphere..t


self-talk as data via idio-jargon et al in own time/space – oikos as econ our souls crave

oikos (the economy our souls crave).. ‘i should say: the show shelters day-dreaming, the house protects the dreamer, the house allows one to dream in peace. – gaston bachelard, the poetics of space

economic precarity and the marginalisation of counter-hegemonic voices through history still excludes many from established systems of power..t

today we have the means to listen to every voice.. first thing everyday.. let’s try that.. ie: 2 convers as infra via tech as it could be.. (listening to every voice everyday)

rather than perpetuating these inequitable conditions, could DAOs be used to create ‘rooms’ or economic spaces, for diverse participation?..t

if we let go of any form of measuring/accounting.. and just listen for and facil with 8b daily curiosities

ie: cure ios city .. a nother way book.. et al

The Guerilla Translation/Media Collectives’ model for Distributed Cooperative Organizations (DisCo Coops) works towards the establishment of such feminist economic spaces..Their DisCos offer a system of value-tracking individual contributions in relation to “productive market value”, “pro-bono/commons-generating value” and “care work value.” Calculating and remunerating these contributions..t

disco ness.. not enough..

literacy and numeracy as colonialism/control/enclosure.. let go

perhaps let’s try/code money (any form of measuring/accounting) as the planned obsolescence

ie: ubi as temp placebo..

 Rachel O’Dwyer has articulated the limitations to technodetermnist celebrations of blockchain’s ‘revolutionary’ power, explaining that: “It doesn’t stand in for all the slow and messy bureaucracy and debate and human processes that go into building cooperation, and it never will.” This is no more evident than in the DAO sphere, where on-chain platforms are supplemented with off-chain communications through Twitter, Discord, Telegram and more. Just as the outdoor spaces of Ancient Roman fora allowed citizens to orate and debate matters in public, DAOs establish analogous spaces for their community members to engage in forms of soft governance. Although the rhetoric that unfolds through a DAO context may not follow the classical model, do the TL;DR retorts and normative processes of DAO fora limit diverse modes of expression? How does this impact participation across cultural, linguistic, class and gender differences?

anything that’s not listening to 8b voices first thing everyday.. is limiting/compromising/cancerous..


Could we create a DAO of Our Own through both economic and symbolic strategies of intervention, which support radical and creative re-imaginings of the world?

only if we let go of control.. ie: why we haven’t yet gotten to global equity: everyone getting a go everyday


DisCO Coop (@discocoop) tweeted at 5:36 AM – 28 Feb 2020 :
“DisCOs use the power of #distributedledger and #P2P technologies to prioritize taking care of human beings. They constitute an affirmative, feasible vision for new radical forms of #ownership, #governance and financialization to fight pervasive #economicinequality. https://t.co/IvciSPsBse (http://twitter.com/discocoop/status/1233370311636275200?s=17)

ownership, governance, financialization.. are ways to manage human beings.. not ways to take care of them..