michel on p2p & commons
p2p: observatory of all human practices that are influenced by what we call the p2p dynamic.. so the free association of individuals thru networks.. and it allows the scaling of collab at a global scale
fb, google, uber.. what are they.. they don’t make money w workers.. they make money by enabling us to p2p exchanges/sharing.. so they’re commons extractive co’s.. they directly exploit human cooperation
the new capitalism.. i call it proudhon capitalism.. because proudon thought surplus came thru coop.. they directly exploit our p2p exchanges
1 min – we also look into what we call the commons.. so shared resources.. like free software.. open design.. so where the knowledge is shared by lots of people, communities, cooperatives, even corporations.. so it’s *kind of a collab ecosystem
and this is emerging in many diff places.. and we just look at that and how it works.. but we actually also promote one particular model which we call cosmo/local production
so basically today you have two choices: neolib globalization – where we spend basically too many resources for the survival of humanity – ie: 3 times more matter and energy on transporting stuff than on making stuff.. so .. neolib glob condemned in next decades.. but i the answer of national protectionism i don’t find very appealing because it’s xenophobic etc etc
2 min – so why not keep the best of both worlds – which is saying.. everything that is heavy is local and everything that is light is global/shared ..info, knowledge, software.. so everybody can benefit
what open source has brought to the world is called stigmergy.. free mutual coordination thru signaling
like in a football game.. 11 each side.. everybody see whole game.. so in real time you adapt your behavior.. so this is the standard in free software cooperation
‘in undisturbed ecosystems ..the average individual, species, or population, left to its own devices, behaves in ways that serve and stabilize the whole..’ –Dana Meadows
3 min – but in order to do this in production.. real material production.. we need accounting
and this is why blockchain is a revolution
the more communistic your license the more capitalistic your practice.. if you allow everybody to share.. big co’s dominate your ecosystem
yeah.. i don’t think that’s true either.. i think we just don’t know .. because we keep experimenting with ie: whales in sea world.. rather than truly free people.. we have no idea what free people are like.. and so.. we keep defaulting to the tragedy story
so we are copyfair.. copyfair splits knowledge from commercialization.. so .. everybody can use the knowledge.. cause it’s unethical to not share solutions for the global crisis.. but if you want to make money out of our work.. you have somehow to reciprocate
reciprocity (aka: cancer just entered the ecosystem)
2nd level is localizing where we can.. subsidiary.. at lowest level..
3rd aspect.. we want this economy to be generative.. so has to work for communities of people and for nature.. that’s what we call generative and not extractive
so we are very much into combining the relocalization and the free sharing of knowledge.. either in a cooperative format or b corp or social entrepreneurship..
4 min – why don’t cities get together.. leagues of cities like in the middle ages.. together with ethical finance.. new b and b coops (?)
ethical finance.. (cancer again)..
and create the infra software that we need to mutualize provisioning systems in cities
back to being like whales in sea world.. (which makes us use more resources than we need.. because we don’t know/grok what we truly need et al).. the infra needs 1\ a detox embed.. and it needs to 2\ listen to every (detoxed) voice.. everyday.. use that as data to mutualize provisioning et al.. thinking (like you stated above about knowledge/software) .. it’s unethical not to share resources.. that would keep us from creating/perpetuating global/local crises..
[i get that the response is .. can’t do that with material things.. because they are finite.. where global/light resources aren’t.. but if people were truly free.. the finite resources would be more than enough.. ]
actually .. any form where capital is not a goal itself but the means to an end.. so .. we call it .. not for profit.. so not for profit.. but also not non profit..
which means.. if you want to change.. you have to be .. not industrial .. but industrious.. capital poor.. labor incentives.. this is an econ which is labor intensive and capital poor.. and this is happening everywhere
5 min – using all the surplus that you generate to for purpose.. something that’s meaningful and generative for the world
let’s do this first: free art-ists..
Michel Bauwens (@mbauwens) tweeted at 7:10 PM on Sun, Jun 21, 2020:
What You Should Read To Understand the Commons – P2P Foundation https://t.co/ccMz8fJVGg
What You Should Read To Understand the Commons – Personal recommendations by Michel Bauwens.
Neil Stephenson’s Diamond Age was the foundational book for the creation of the P2P Foundation. While it does not really focus on commons ‘per se’, it was the first book that described a fully (dys <g>)functional networked society, organized around Phyles, i.e. trans-local entrepreneurial ecosystems organized around communities. Well worth reading and many of its scenes are actually coming alive today.
phyle et al
Walkaway. By Cory Doctorow. I haven’t read it yet, but I heard Cory explain the ideas, and Alberto Cottica of Edgeryders confirms it is the most consequential description of a commons-oriented economy as yet
For a short overview on the evolution and succession of different types of societal organization, see my essay: The Pulsation of the Commons
The Structure of World History: From Modes of Production to Modes of Exchange. by Kojin Karatani. Duke University Press, 2014
The commons, i.e. ‘communal shareholding’, is one of the four important ways humanity has used to exchange and allocate resources, together with the gift economy, distribution according to rank, and the market. Alan Page Fiske’s The Structure of Social Life documents many examples of each, but Karatini’s great contribution is to historize this evolution. It’s a rather fantastic synthesis of the anthropological and historical literature on the subject, and I very warmly recommend it.
i think once we’re exchanging and allocating and gifting – we’re no longer common\ing et al
Polanyi is the great author and historian about how pre-capitalist markets functioned.
Gebser sees how each mode of apprehending the world, has its generative phase, but also its ‘deficient’ or degenerative phase. The rational mode of consciousness becomes deficient when calculations dominate everything, and the whole can no longer be seen. Civilizational changes are also ‘mutations of consciousness’
‘beyond civilization’, to new forms of post-civilisational tribal organization, organized around the new nomadic technologies that are digital networks.
Adam Arvidsson focuses on the coming transition, and how the new commons is once again creating new market forms.. use the commons to bypass capitalism and create market forms that work for them
warm currencies dedicated to generative work, and the money supply subject to demurrage, to discourage accumulation. A fascinating work of monetary history, on money seen as a commons.. Companion book: Debt: The First 5,000 Years. David Graeber.
Bauwens, M., Kostakis, V., & Pazaitis, A. (2019). Peer to Peer: The Commons Manifesto, London: Westminster University Press.
Governing the Commons: The Evolution of Institutions for Collective Action. By Elinor Ostrom. Cambridge University Press, 1990
ostrom 8 et al
Yochai Benkler. The Wealth of Networks. Yale University Press, published: 2006
Think Like a Commoner. A Short Introduction to the Life of the Commons. by David Bollier. New Society, 2014
Pierre Dardot and Christian Laval. Common: An Essay on Revolution in the 21st Century.
Commonwealth. Toni Negri and Michael Hardt.
notes on michael‘s page
i would add andreas’ reality as commons
via michel fb share
This video series was done, with excellent technical conditions, at Lignan University in Hong Kong, at the behest of Prof. Kin Chi Lau and colleagues, during the months of January 2019:
* E-Lecture 1: Introduction to peer to peer and the commons, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=glRE-J9xFbQ
* E-Lecture 2: The interaction between the commons and the market, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BtdftpR-7fA
* E-Lecture 3: Public-commons cooperation, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hIXIwdUJ-1E
* E-Lecture 4: Distributed ledgers and shared supply chains, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=suI7e0aNetg
* E-Lecture 5: The spirituality and ethics of peering and commoning, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L7t2-xadpCI
common\ing et al
- p2p foundation