black lives matter
adding page after watching black lives matter doc.. see below
Black Lives Matter (BLM) is an international activist movement, originating in the African-American community, that campaigns against violence and systemic racism toward black people. BLM regularly holds protests against police killings of black people and broader issues of racial profiling, police brutality, and perceived racial inequality in the United States criminal justice system.
In 2013, the movement began with the use of the hashtag #BlackLivesMatter on social media, after the acquittal of George Zimmerman in the shooting death of African-American teen Trayvon Martin. Black Lives Matter became nationally recognized for its street demonstrations following the 2014 deaths of two African Americans: Michael Brown, resulting in protests and unrest in Ferguson, and Eric Garner in New York City. The originators of the hashtag and call to action, Alicia Garza, Patrisse Cullors, and Opal Tometi, expanded their project into a national network of over 30 local chapters between 2014 and 2016. The overall Black Lives Matter movement, however, is a decentralized network and has no formal hierarchy.
Since the Ferguson protests, participants in the movement have demonstrated against the deaths of numerous other African Americans by police actions or while in police custody. In the summer of 2015, Black Lives Matter activists became involved in the 2016 United States presidential election.
There have been many reactions to the Black Lives Matter movement. The U.S. population’s perception of Black Lives Matter varies considerably by race. The phrase “All Lives Matter” sprang up as a response to the Black Lives Matter movement. However, “All Lives Matter” has been criticized for dismissing or misunderstanding the message of “Black Lives Matter”. Following the shooting of two police officers in Ferguson, the hashtag Blue Lives Matter was created by supporters of the police
In August 2014, BLM members organized their first in-person national protest in the form of a “Black Lives Matter Freedom Ride” to Ferguson, Missouri after the shooting of Michael Brown. More than five hundred members descended upon Ferguson to participate in non-violent demonstrations. Of the many groups that descended on Ferguson, Black Lives Matter emerged from Ferguson as one of the best organized and most visible groups, becoming nationally recognized as symbolic of the emerging movement.
Since then, Black Lives Matter has organized thousands of protests and demonstrations. Expanding beyond street protests, BLM has expanded to activism on American college campuses, such as the 2015–16 University of Missouri protests.
Inclusivity of the movement
Black Lives Matter incorporates those traditionally on the margins of black freedom movements. The organization’s website, for instance, states that Black Lives Matter is “a unique contribution that goes beyond extrajudicial killings of Black people by police and vigilantes” and, embracing intersectionality, that “Black Lives Matter affirms the lives of Black queer and trans folks, disabled folks, black-undocumented folks, folks with records, women and all Black lives along the gender spectrum.” All three founders of the Black Lives Matter movement are women, and Garza and Cullors identify as queer. The founders believe that their backgrounds have paved the way for Black Lives Matter to be an intersectional movement. Several hashtags such as #BlackWomenMatter, #BlackGirlsMatter, #BlackQueerLivesMatter, and #BlackTransLivesMatter have surfaced on the BLM website and throughout social media networks. Marcia Chatelain, associate professor of history at Georgetown University, has praised BLM for allowing “young, queer women [to] play a central role” in the movement.
BLM claims inspiration from the African-American Civil Rights Movement, the Black Power movement, the 1980s Black feminist movement, Pan-Africanism, the Anti-Apartheid Movement, hip hop, LGBTQ social movements, and Occupy Wall Street. Several media organizations have referred to BLM as “a new civil rights movement.” Some of the protesters, however, actively distinguish themselves from the older generation of black leadership, such as Al Sharpton, by their aversion to middle-class traditions such as church involvement, Democratic Party loyalty, and respectability politics. Political scientist Frederick C. Harris has argued that this “group-centered model of leadership” is distinct from the older charismatic leadership model that characterized civil rights organizations like Jesse Jackson‘s Rainbow PUSH Coalition and Sharpton’s National Action Network.
The phrase “Black Lives Matter” can refer to a Twitter hashtag, a slogan, a social movement, or a loose confederation of groups advocating for racial justice. As a movement, Black Lives Matter is decentralized, and leaders have emphasized the importance of local organizing over national leadership. Activist DeRay McKesson has commented that the movement “encompasses all who publicly declare that Black lives matter and devote their time and energy accordingly.”
In 2013, Patrisse Cullors, Alicia Garza, and Opal Tometi formed the Black Lives Matter Network. Alicia Garza described the network as an online platform that existed to provide activists with a shared set of principles and goals. Local Black Lives Matter chapters are asked to commit to the organization’s list of guiding principles, but operate without a central structure or hierarchy. Alicia Garza has commented that the Network was not interested in “policing who is and who is not part of the movement.” Currently, there are at least 30 Black Lives Matter chapters in the U.S., England, Canada, Australia, and Ghana.
Notable Black Lives Matter activists include co-founder of the Seattle Black Lives Matter chapter Marissa Johnson, lawyer and president of the Minneapolis chapter of the NAACP Nekima Levy-Pounds, and writer Shaun King. In a September 2016 interview with W. Kamau Bell and Hari Kondabolu, King described himself as part of the broader Black Lives Matter movement and supportive of the formal organization Black Lives Matter, but not affiliated with the latter.
The loose structure of Black Lives Matter has contributed to confusion in the press and among activists, as actions or statements from chapters or individuals are sometimes attributed to “Black Lives Matter” as a whole.Matt Pearce, writing for the Los Angeles Times, commented that “the words could be serving as a political rallying cry or referring to the activist organization. Or it could be the fuzzily applied label used to describe a wide range of protests and conversations focused on racial inequality.”
Concurrently, a broader movement involving several other organizations and activists emerged under the banner of “Black Lives Matter” as well. For example, BLM is a member organization of the Movement for Black Lives established to respond to sustained and increasingly visible violence against black communities in the U.S. and globally. In 2015 Johnetta Elzie, DeRay Mckesson, Brittany Packnett, and Samuel Sinyangwe, initiated Campaign Zero, aimed at promoting policy reforms to end police brutality. The campaign released a ten-point plan for reforms to policing, with recommendations including: ending broken windows policing, increasing community oversight of police departments, and creating stricter guidelines for the use of force.New York Times reporter John Eligon reported that some activists had expressed concerns that the campaign was overly focused on legislative remedies for police violence.
According to professor David Theo Goldberg, “All Lives Matter” reflects a view of “racial dismissal, ignoring, and denial”. Founders have responded to criticism of the movement’s exclusivity, saying, “#BlackLivesMatter doesn’t mean your life isn’t important – it means that Black lives, which are seen without value within White supremacy, are important to your liberation.”
on their about page:
Black Lives Matter is a unique contribution that goes beyond extrajudicial killings of Black people by police and vigilantes. It goes beyond the narrow nationalism that can be prevalent within some Black communities, which merely call on Black people to love Black, live Black and buy Black, keeping straight cis Black men in the front of the movement while our sisters, queer and trans and disabled folk take up roles in the background or not at all. Black Lives Matter affirms the lives of Black queer and trans folks, disabled folks, Black-undocumented folks, folks with records, women and all Black lives along the gender spectrum. It centers those that have been marginalized within Black liberation movements. It is a tactic to (re)build the Black liberation movement.
the magic of virility..i was scouring for some reprieve
5 min – i think what i’m really doing.. is trying to challenge the narrative that black people can’t tell their stories.. that our stories are shameful.. and saying that this is unacceptable.. this should not have happened to me.. and in fact.. this should not have happened to many people
8 min – i want the audience to be reminded of their humanity.. feel/express deeply
10 min – mike brown
11 min – blm goes viral for 2nd time.. 1st was for trevon.. many of us drove to ferguson.. this was the time i could tell the movement was completely blossoming.. what makes ferguson important.. there was an uprising..
they do a vigil that night.. and the police responds with tanks.. these weren’t organizers.. these were black people who were fed up.. if the police had allowed people to protest.. imagine how diff things would have been..
13 min – rise of militarisation.. first in 90s with black panthers.. that’s not de escalating violence.. that’s causing violence
16 min – we are a generation that had been totally consumed by the police and prison state.. most of our family members were addicted to crack.. we watched the complete desomation of our communities.. the continuous defunding of the social welfare state.. and then you have a generation of black folks who don’t have access to jobs.. unions completely destroyed.. jobs we have access to are low/no paying jobs.. we don’t have access to healthcare.. and the list goes on..
17 min – and so when someone dies in our community .. after the 15th time.. something snaps.. some of us will show up peacefully.. some of us won’t.. but whats the better question.. the better question is why… what made us end up in these conditions in the first place.. we don’t have that convo often because media focused on sensation.. the looting/rioting.. can we actually talk about how mike brown was slaughtered.. left in pool of blood for 4 hrs.. the whole community witnessed it.. mom can’t pass yellow tape.. and we are being questioned on being violent..
18 min – it is the most abusive response to someone who is being abused..
21 min – since ferguson.. we’ve had uprising in baltimore.. charlotte.. across the country.. not because people just started killing black people.. not because law enforcement just started beating up black people.. these are issues we have been facing since we came to this country
before .. no?
what changed now.. sm.. sm has changed the game.. sm has allowed for black people to actually be the story tellers .. if we had sm during teh 1992 uprisings.. we would’ve had a diff convo come out of the uprisings..
imagine if we change the game even more.. imagine 7 bn story tellers .. everyday.. as the day.. their self-talk as data.. in order to connect people.. that day.. to do the thing they can’t not do.. all of us
22 min – if we had sm during hurricane katrina.. we would have had a diff convo coming out of new orleans
25 min – q: how do you make this institutional a: you amplify the stories beyond the killings
26 min – the question.. why have we put so much resources into policing and prisons..
28 min – eric garner murder
29 min – marcel baugh: a real disconnect between progressive ideal and black reality..
30 min – on interrupting bernie.. just as he’s saying how progressive seattle is.. patrisse: wasn’t about bernie.. about the demo party.. we expected repub’s to not mention blm.. but not demo’s
32 min – we don’t believe the presidency is the way to turn our voice into political power.. local politics changes the national.. ie: ferguson.. changed the convo.. we don’t need to rely on the president to change the convo.. we need to rely on the people.. who will push that president.. who will eventually… or not.. have to be a party of that convo..
38 min – if we don’t set on all black people.. all of us or none of us
how can it not be all people.. thinking idec.. some not knowing if black or white.. et al.. plus.. the whole… none of us if one of us
40 min – talking interpretive labor..
41 min – people willing to risk winning because queer.. women at forefront..
42 min – amsterdam.. paris… black spring is everywhere… these aren’t issues happening in a vacuum.. black spring is about colletivizing.. to keep expanding..
43 min – decentralization is important.. we have diff view points.. but what we can do is connect the dots
44 min – jah vi cotten cohia
45 min – our work isn’t just about tearing down.. it’s about rebuilding.. the act of tearing down.. means you have to imagine what else you want there..
Molly Crabapple (@mollycrabapple) tweeted at 5:10 PM on Tue, Mar 07, 2017:
This excerpt from @chrislhayes ‘a new book has too many truths to not just quote the whole thing https://t.co/rc7vnwyCcG https://t.co/KyV5JUQbHj
The Colony is overwhelmingly black and brown, but in the wake of financial catastrophe, de-industrialization, and sustained wage stagnation, the tendencies and systems of control developed in the Colony have been deployed over wider and wider swaths of working-class white America. If you released every African-American and Latino prisoner in America’s prisons, the United States would still be one of the most incarcerated societies on earth.
Democracy Now! (@democracynow) tweeted at 6:28 AM – 16 Jan 2018 :
Black Lives Matter co-founder @OsopePatrisse: “The most early memories for me were my home being raided by LAPD, and LAPD lining up my siblings and their friends at 11, 13 years old, stopping and frisking them… I knew it was not normal… I could feel the humiliation” #DNlive https://t.co/QGsFat2jKm (http://twitter.com/democracynow/status/953257631375863813?s=17)
Deanna Mascle, PhD (@deannamascle) tweeted at 6:50 AM – 24 Feb 2018 :
Why was it so easy to support the Parkland youths while the youths in the Movement for Black Lives were repudiated and disregarded?
Why It Hurts When the World Loves Everyone but Us https://t.co/RjL6PioFnl (http://twitter.com/deannamascle/status/967396224776261632?s=17)