Social promotion is the practice of promoting a student (usually a general education student, rather than a special education student) to the next grade only at the end of the current school year, regardless of when or whether they learned the necessary material, in order to keep them with their peers by age, that being the intended social grouping. It is sometimes referred to as promotion based on seat time, or the amount of time the child spent sitting in school. This is based on the requirements on how to enroll for Kindergarten so a student can graduate from high school at either 17 or 18 years old.
via cde compulsory school attendance law:
via wikipedia on compulsory education
Compulsory school attendance based on the Prussian model gradually spread to other countries, reaching the American State of Massachusetts in 1852, and spreading to other states until, in 1917, Mississippi was the last state to enact a compulsory attendance law. Massachusetts had originally enacted the first compulsory education law in the American colonies in 1647. In 1852, the Massachusetts General Court passed a law requiring every town to create and operate a grammar school. Fines were imposed on parents who did not send their children to school and the government took the power to take children away from their parents and apprentice them to others if government officials decided that the parents were “unfit to have the children educated properly”.
Compulsory education was not part of early American society; which relied instead on church-run private schools that mostly charged tuition. The spread of compulsory attendance in the Massachusetts tradition throughout America, especially for Native Americans, has been credited to General Richard Henry Pratt. Pratt used techniques developed on Native Americans in a prisoner of war camp in Fort Marion, Augustine, Florida, to force demographic minorities across America into government schools. His prototype was the Carlisle Indian Industrial School in Pennsylvania.
suicide rates, 1 in 6…
every individual that supports compulsory schooling has blood on their hands
when/why did we ever think this was a good idea – for the human spirit..
and then there’s more – test scores...
From the 1876 report to the US education commissioner. “there is no absolute standard of quality” http://t.co/xs4MsQM3R2
Original Tweet: https://twitter.com/davecormier/status/556826966490640384