intro’d to Will via his ted 2018
this is a peak opportune time for change
scientific and industrial revolutions transformed both our understanding of the world and our ability to alter it..what we need is an ethical revolution to match..t
mufleh humanity law: we have seen advances in every aspect of our lives except our humanity – Luma Mufleh
past 10 yrs working on – how can we do the most good
you need to decide.. but we have 3 moral priorities:
1\ global health – solvable – saved more lives than if we’d obtained world peace
2\ factory farming – neglected – 3000 more in factor farms than pets yet 1/50 of philanthrop funding
3\ existential risks – ie: nuclear war or global pendemic
we hear all the time that things are getting worse.. but global perspective.. been getting radically better.. ie: life expectancy; not living in poverty; de criminalized homosexuality; become democratic
problems that face future generations are often hugely neglected
effective altruism site: https://www.effectivealtruism.org/
Effective altruism is changing the way we dogood.
Effective altruism is about answering one simple question: how can we use our resources to help others themost?
Rather than just doing what feels right, we use evidence and careful analysis to find the very best causes to workon.
But it’s no use answering the question unless you act on it. Effective altruism is about following through. It’s about being generous with your time and your money to do the most good youcan.
effective altruism forum: http://effective-altruism.com/
Effective altruism is a philosophy and social movement that uses evidence and reasoning to determine the most effective ways to benefit others. Effective altruism encourages individuals to consider all causes and actions and to act in the way that brings about the greatest positive impact, based upon their values. It is the broad, evidence-based approach that distinguishes effective altruism from traditional altruism or charity.
While a substantial proportion of effective altruists have focused on the nonprofit sector, the philosophy of effective altruism applies more broadly to prioritizing the scientific projects, companies, and policy initiatives which can be estimated to save lives, help people, or otherwise have the biggest benefit. People associated with the movement include philosopher Peter Singer, Facebook cofounder Dustin Moskovitz, Cari Tuna, Oxford-based researchers William MacAskill and Toby Ord, and professional poker player Liv Boeree
others speaking on effective altruism:
peter singer ted 2013: [https://www.ted.com/talks/peter_singer_the_why_and_how_of_effective_altruism]
beth barnes tedx 2015:
How should moral uncertainty affect how we try to build beneficial AI? I talk about this with Lucas Perry at the Future of Life Institute @FLIxrisk
Original Tweet: https://twitter.com/willmacaskill/status/1042276995877335040
what should we do given we’re uncertain..t
little has been written concerning moral uncertainty.. ie: only one 18 yrs agos
don’t get too optimistic.. i’m almost certainly wrong.. what’s the chance any philosophers is right
18 min – if nothing matters.. it doesn’t matter.. might as well act as if things do.. reason for getting out of bed in morning..
imagine 7bn alive people.. getting out of bed everyday
21 min – we need to think more if we want to get to the ethical truths..t
imagine a global data reset: self-talk as data.. everyday
a story about people grokking what matters
33 mi – what would idealized will want..t
39 min – what does it mean to idealize.. that’s going to be a very difficult question and where a lot of the work is here i think..t
idealize: regard or represent as perfect or better than in reality
40 min – where ought society to be going.. the key thing is to punt it .. to get us into a position where we can think about and reflect on this question..t
various stages to get into that state: reflect as much as possible and keep options open as much as possible..t
42 min – i think best approach would be for ai to give us moral arguments.. and we judge.. and maybe over very long time period
we should get to where we can take as long as we need.. the sheer vastness of the future.. but want to get there (to good) as soon as we can
46 min – what goes into the set up of that long reflection..t
if there was some leap to ai.. scary.. t
48 min – bn’s doing something very coordinated is not going to happen..t
why not.. that’s tech as it could be
ie: listening to every voice everyday.. and facilitating that
49 min – on the importance of getting to that long reflection
Associate Professor of Philosophy, Oxford University. Cofounder of the Centre for Effective Altruism. Author of Doing Good Better.
I’m Will MacAskill, Associate Professor in Philosophy and Research Fellow at the Global Priorities Institute, University of Oxford. My academic research focuses on the fundamentals of effective altruism – the use of evidence and reason to help others by as much as possible with our time and money, with a particular concentration on how to act given moral uncertainty.
I am a co-founder and the President of the Centre for Effective Altruism (CEA)
Combining Empathy with Evidence
The Centre for Effective Altruism helps to grow and maintain the effective altruism movement.
Our vision is an optimal world. Our mission is to create a global community of people who have made helping others a core part of their lives, and who use evidence and scientific reasoning to figure out how to do so as effectively as possible.
What is effective altruism?
Effective altruism is about using evidence and reason to figure out how to benefit others as much as possible, and taking action on that basis.
and I helped to create the effective altruism movement. Through Giving What We Can, CEA encourages people to commit to donate at least 10% of their income to the most effective charities. (You can take the pledge here.) CEA also runs over 100 effective altruism local groups, hosts regular effective altruism conferences, and does research into high-impact policy and philanthropic opportunities.
I also co-founded 80,000 Hours, a YCombinator-backed non-profit that provides research and advice on how you can best make a difference through your career.
MacAskill’s second research focus is on effective altruism. His book on the topic, Doing Good Better, was published in 2015, ..
In it, he argues that many of the ways people think about doing good achieve very little, but that by applying data and scientific reasoning to the normally sentimental world of doing good, opportunities to have a huge positive impact can be found.
In the book MacAskill makes controversial claims such as the fact that fair trade does very little to help the poorest farmers, that boycotting sweatshops might make things worse for the global poor and that people who pursue high-income careers such as plastic surgeons or wall street bankers could do more good than charity workers.
MacAskill’s argument that young idealists should work for Wall Street
has been the subject of a New York Times op-ed by David Brooks. Brooks argued that, while effective altruists may start earning to give in order to realize their deepest commitments, their values may erode over time, becoming progressively less altruistic. In addition, Brooks objected to the view on which altruists should turn themselves “into a machine for the redistribution of wealth.”