adding page this day (by Rahul Deodhar):
Rahul Deodhar (@rahuldeodhar) tweeted at 5:42 AM – 6 Jul 2018 :
Please read this paper and suggest improvement. A Solution to Farmer Suicides & Loan Waivers https://t.co/ukpTSdptAD … (http://twitter.com/rahuldeodhar/status/1015199420600598529?s=17)
notes/quotes from 48 pg pdf:
1 – intro
12, 000 farmer suicides per year since 2013 (from 2017)..t
the govt of india has been cognizant of this issue.. but not much has been achieved on this front till date.. aiming to double farm incomes w/in next 5 yrs.. a host of initiatives.. but.. well intentioned and half baked..
objective of this paper is to suggest a system – smart agri management system (sams) to address the problems and make the economics work for farmers..
2 – what’s wrong w agri
indebtedness has been highlighted as one of the dominant problems for suicides.. t.. as a corollary, govts have taken populist turn towards loan waivers..
indian agri suffers from: 1\ poor productivity 2\ falling water levels 3\ expensive credit 4\ a distorted market 5\ many intermediaries who increase cost but do not add much value 6\ laws that stifle private investment 7\ controlled prices 8\ poor infra 9\ in appropriate research
generally, distances to market in excess of 4 hrs .. a major deterrent to marketing perishable products
there are serious issues concerning equity in water distribution. the privatization of water supply distribution is fraught w dangers that could lead to water conflicts in local communities
results of nss 2003 farmers’ survey has empirically established than small farms continue to produce more in value terms per hectare than the medium and large farms..t
farmers do not have access to proper credit lines.. due to absence of proper land title deeds.. .. debt primary cause for suicides
farmers routinely have to pay agents to get farm loans..
inability to pay is often met w ridicule, ostracism or public humiliation.. t.. many of those who committed suicide did so after experiencing such humiliation or facing threats of dispossession of their assets..
govts’ well meaning intervention in the agri sector has created second order effects
there is a clear trend of change from ‘cultivators’ to ‘farm labourers’ thereby reducing their status..
these avenues for leveraging info are unlimited.. yet there is no mech or info highway that reaches farmers..t
Dr. Vandana Shiva (@drvandanashiva) tweeted at 5:55 AM – 16 Dec 2017 :
We are not producing food more cheaply.High Costs of production #farmersdebt #suicides Billions in subsidies .Trillions in externalities https://t.co/EsBknVYUVI (http://twitter.com/drvandanashiva/status/942015255101755392?s=17)
CNN (@CNN) tweeted at 4:50 AM – 21 Aug 2018 :
Suicide rates in rural America are soaring. This family is working to change that. https://t.co/KxfuXZfRuf (http://twitter.com/CNN/status/1031855958086115328?s=17)
Dr. Vandana Shiva (@drvandanashiva) tweeted at 4:29 AM – 22 Aug 2018 :
At the #organicexpo I reiterated @NavdanyaBija commitment to create #JaivikBharat2027 #india@100 free of #poisons #FarmersSuicides #hunger https://t.co/TR6asexcfN (http://twitter.com/drvandanashiva/status/1032213128409505792?s=17)
GMO Free USA (@GMOFreeUSA) tweeted at 7:00 PM – 26 Aug 2018 :
“The chemical warfare in the countryside under the guise of ‘conventional farming’ has to stop for the protection of us all now, and for future generations.” -Georgina Downs
https://t.co/Oy0WFMTD3s by @NatCounterPunch (http://twitter.com/GMOFreeUSA/status/1033881940158504960?s=17)
Joey Ayoub إبن بالدوين (@joeyayoub) tweeted at 4:44 AM – 11 Oct 2018 :
So much of Made in Italy food products advertised as coming from some utopic land with some ‘authentic’ smiling farmer are in fact made by slave laborers deprived of the most basic human rights.
1- the rediscovery of the commons
during the green rev in 60s and 70s.. govts and foundations in the west made a big push to intro large scale commercial rice and wheat production in so called developing countries. this helped mitigate hunger in the short term, but also intro’d crops alien to many indian ecosystems.. and that require harmful/expensive pesticides.. also more vulnerable to drought and volatile market prices.. widely blamed for an epidemic of 200 000 farmer suicides over the past decade
the women of erakulapally discovered the traditional crops are far more ecologically suited to semi arid landscape .. but to recover the old biodiverse ways of farming.. the women had to ask their mothers and grandmothers to search for dozens of old nearly forgotten seeds.. eventually, in attics and family safe boxes, they found enough seeds to do a planting, and finally, after many additional rounds of cultivation, revive their traditional ‘mixed crop’ agri.. planting 6 or7 diff seeds in same field which act as a kind of ‘eco insurance’.. no matter if there is too much or too little rain.. or too early/late.. some of the seeds will grow.. families will have enough to eat no matter the weather.. .. no need to buy expensive genetically modified seeds or synthetic pesticides and fertilizers
the recovery of traditional agri did not come thru ‘tech transfer’ or govt sponsored agri research . it came thru a do it yourself process of recovering the ‘people’s knowledge’ and deliberately encouraging social collab and seed sharing..
‘our seeds our knowledge’.. every seed is a capsule of their knowledge.. no one is allowed to by or sell seeds; they can only be shared, borrowed or traded
seed freedom ness