habitual habits of ‘the people’ .. as seen/heard from the locked in habituals of *alzheimers’ ness and of course sea world ness
In sociology, Habitus (/ˈhæbɪtəs/) comprises socially ingrained habits, skills and dispositions. It is the way that individuals perceive the social world around them and react to it. These dispositions are usually shared by people with similar backgrounds (such as social class, religion, nationality, ethnicity, education and profession). The habitus is acquired through imitation (mimesis) and is the reality in which individuals are socialized, which includes their individual experience and opportunities. Thus, the habitus represents the way group culture and personal history shape the body and the mind; as a result, it shapes present social actions of an individual.
French sociologist Pierre Bourdieu ..These schemes are not mere habits: Bourdieu suggested they allow individuals to find new solutions to new situations without calculated deliberation, based on their gut feelings and intuitions, which he believed were collective and socially shaped. These attitudes, mannerisms, tastes, moral intuitions and habits have influence on the individual’s life chances, so the habitus not only is structured by an individual’s objective past position in the social structure but also structures the individual’s future life path. Bourdieu argued that the reproduction of the social structure results from the habitus of individuals.
The concept of habitus has been used as early as Aristotle but in contemporary usage was introduced by Marcel Mauss and later Maurice Merleau-Ponty. However, it was Pierre Bourdieu who turned it into a cornerstone of his sociology, and used it to address the sociological problem of agency and structure: the habitus is shaped by structural position and generates action, thus when people act and demonstrate agency they simultaneously reflect and reproduce social structure.
ie: cure ios city
Bourdieu elaborated his theory of the habitus while borrowing ideas on cognitive and generative schemes from Noam Chomsky and Jean Piaget dependency on history and human memory. For instance, a certain behaviour or belief becomes part of a society’s structure when the original purpose of that behaviour or belief can no longer be recalled and becomes socialized into individuals of that culture.
The term was earlier used in sociology by Norbert Elias in The Civilizing Process (1939) and in Marcel Mauss’s account of “body techniques” (techniques du corps). The concept is also present in the work of Max Weber, Gilles Deleuze, and Edmund Husserl.
Mauss defined habitus as those aspects of culture that are anchored in the body or daily practices of individuals, groups, societies, and nations. It includes the totality of learned habits, bodily skills, styles, tastes, and other non-discursive knowledges that might be said to “go without saying” for a specific group (Bourdieu 1990:66-67)—in that way it can be said to operate beneath the level of rational ideology.
now sliding/slamming into supposed to ness
According to Bourdieu, habitus is composed of: ‘[s]ystems of durable, transposable dispositions, structured structures predisposed to function as structuring structures, that is, as principles which generate and organize practices and representations that can be objectively adapted to their outcomes without presupposing a conscious aiming at ends or an express mastery of the operations necessary in order to attain them.’
need to re read
thinking about adding page for a while (esp from top of page note on alz ness).. finally adding while re re reading david graeber‘s debt (book) – from other pages earlier too.. may try to find and add later:
by ensuring that everyone was slightly in debt to one anther.. they (tiv women) actually created human society.. if a very fragile sort of society – a delicate web made up of obligations to return 3 eggs for a bag of okra, ties renewed and recreated as any one of them could be canceled out at any time..
our own *habits of civility are not so very diff.. consider the custom, in american society of constantly saying ‘please’ and ‘thank you’ .. to do so is often treated as basic morality: we are constantly chiding children for forgetting to do it, just as the moral guardians of our society – teachers and ministers, for instance – do to everybody else.. we often assume that the habit is universal.. but as the inuit hunger made clear.. it is not.. like so many of our everyday courtesies.. it is a kind of democratization of what was once a habit of feudal deference: the insistence on treating absolutely everyone the way that one used only to have to treat a lord or similar hierarchical superior
and to me.. none of it humane/natural
history of rome.. like of early greek city states.. was one of continual political struggle between creditors/debts.. until roman elite eventually figured out the principle that most successful mediterranean elites learn: that a free peasantry means a more effective army, and that conquering armies can provide war captives who can do anything debt bondsmen used to do, and therefore a social compromise.. allowing limited popular rep, banning debt slavery, channeling some of fruits of empire into social welfare payments – was actually in their interest
rotc ness as habitus ness
julia elyachar: ‘in america we get 10 offers for credit cards in mail every day.. something like 40% interest.. but offer is there so you get the card and stuff wallet full of credit cards.. you feel good’
the mail was transmitted w/o govt surveillance or control…. [to now (several pages later) where most of us get mail we don’t want, ie: bills – 165]
huge.. yet habit\us ness.. leaves us obsessed w getting it as comfort
ie’s of alz ness:
the world is screaming out.. want control.. but have rna’d control down to money.. ie: mad about not getting bills in mail, bills piled on table, but can’t seem to take/want control of healthy mind/body (20 min a day)
the world is screaming out.. smells-onions/noise-tv&music/whatever.. but most often self inflicted in order to ‘not feel alone’.. so signs of non aloneness like noise.. only good when s\he (the alone s\he) initiates it and not when others (the not alone others) do
not ready to share a recipe/dress
food for decoration.. for storage/security.. then trash
make lists for purchases from ads.. ‘saving money on deals’.. to.. still make lists from ads when don’t apply
wallet packed w credit cards
exhaustion (and anger) from appearances rather than legit ness
*taken in from anthropological lens (perhaps too comic lens).. otherwise would be gone myself
meaning – observing and at beckon call .. as opposed to trying to fix.. (like unschooling ness, usefully preoccupied ness, usefully ignorant ness, .. unlike charity/ngo ness, microfinance ness, help\ing ness)