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Flint is the largest city and seat of Genesee County, Michigan, United States. Located along the Flint River, 66 miles (106 km) northwest of Detroit, it is a principal city within the region known as Mid Michigan. According to the 2010 census, Flint has a population of 102,434, making it the seventh largest city in Michigan. The Flint metropolitan area is located entirely within Genesee County. It is the fourth largest metropolitan area in Michigan with a population of 425,790 in 2010. The city was incorporated in 1855.

Flint was founded as a village by fur trader Jacob Smith in 1819 and became a major lumbering area on the historic Saginaw Trail during the 19th century. From the late 19th century to the mid 20th century, the city was a leading manufacturer of carriages and later automobiles, earning it the nickname “Vehicle City”. General Motors (GM) was founded in Flint in 1908, and the city grew into an automobile manufacturing powerhouse for GM’s Buick and Chevrolet divisions after World War II up until the early 1980s recession. Flint was also the home of the Flint Sit-Down Strike of 1936–37 that played a vital role in the formation of the United Auto Workers.

Since the late 1960s, Flint has faced several crises. The city sank into a deep economic depression after GM significantly downsized its workforce in the area from a 1978 high of 80,000 to under 8,000 by 2010. From 1960 to 2010, the population of the city nearly halved from 196,940 to 102,434. In the mid-2000s, Flint became known for its high crime rates and has repeatedly been ranked among the most dangerous cities in the United States. The city was under a state of financial emergency from 2002–2004 and again from 2011–2015. Since 2014, the city has faced a major public health emergency due to lead contamination in the local water supply that has affected thousands of residents, as well as an outbreak of Legionnaires’ disease due to tainted water.

The Saginaw Valley, particularly the vicinity of Flint, is considered by some to be the oldest continually inhabited area of Michigan. Regardless of the validity of this claim, the region was home to several Ojibwa tribes at the start of the 19th century, with a particularly significant community established near present-day Montrose. The Flint River had several convenient fords which became points of contention among rival tribes, as attested by the presence of arrowheads and burial mounds near it. Some of the city currently resides atop ancient Ojibwa burial grounds.


adding page while reading Mona Hanna-Attisha‘s what the eyes don’t see:


what we could do.. the burgeoning neuroscience in this area gave us the answer: the treatment was to build resistance..  ‘ecobiodevelopmental’ approach.. w short term, intermediate, and long term interventions that touched every level of a child’s life.. our science sp;oke truth to power. an d now i wanted the science of chidl development to elad the way in our recovery..

what if that needs whistleblowing.. even more so..? ie: we don’t need early ed.. we need a nother way to live..

i wanted the most extensive and proven to work intervention available, regardless of expense.. my flint kids deserved this and more..

2 convers.. as infra.. in the city.. as the day..

best resilience: gershenfeld something else law.. to get to the energy of 7bn alive people

aka: an undisturbed ecosystem


Mari Copeny (@LittleMissFlint) tweeted at 5:41 AM – 24 Apr 2019 :
Flint, Michigan has been without clean safe water for FIVE YEARS
#FlintWaterCrisis #Flint #FlintKids #DontForgetFlint https://t.co/XM38bN19gG (http://twitter.com/LittleMissFlint/status/1121016389395939329?s=17)


CityLab (@CityLab) tweeted at 5:45 AM – 22 Aug 2019 :
It’s becoming clear that the problem of lead in Americans’ drinking water extends well beyond Flint, @mollydort writes. https://t.co/6rOpF5tRvC (http://twitter.com/CityLab/status/1164503938915295233?s=17)



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