Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD, similar to hyperkinetic disorder in the ICD-10) is a psychiatric disorder of the neurodevelopmental type in which there are significant problems of attention, hyperactivity, or acting impulsively that are not appropriate for a person’s age. These symptoms must begin by age six to twelve and persist for more than six months for a diagnosis to be made. In school-aged individuals inattention symptoms often result in poor school performance.
ADHD As A Difference In Cognition, Not A Disorder
We are Attention Different, not Attention Deficit. But because it is misunderstood and treated as a disorder, it’s treated as something that needs fixing. So the idea seems to be that we need to get rid of my ADHD. But there’s no getting rid of it. There’s just sedating it.
The Innovative and Creative Power of ADHD
..people with ADHD have an overactive imagination as opposed to a learning disability.
.. imagine being an explorer trapped in an educational classroom where the teacher is saying, ‘Pay attention to me and don’t explore,’” he says. “It drives them nuts.”
natural fix for adhd
ATTENTION deficit hyperactivity disorder is now the most prevalent psychiatric illness of young people in America, affecting 11 percent of them at some point between the ages of 4 and 17. The rates of both diagnosis and treatment have increased so much in the past decade that you may wonder whether something that affects so many people can really be a disease.
And for a good reason. Recent neuroscience research shows that people with A.D.H.D. are actually hard-wired for novelty-seeking — a trait that had, until relatively recently, a distinct evolutionary advantage. Compared with the rest of us, they have sluggish and underfed brain reward circuits, so much of everyday life feels routine and understimulating.
To compensate, they are drawn to new and exciting experiences and get famously impatient and restless with the regimented structure that characterizes our modern world. In short, people with A.D.H.D. may not have a disease, so much as a set of behavioral traits that don’t match the expectations of our contemporary culture.
..let’s not rush to medicalize their curiosity, energy and novelty-seeking; in the right environment, these traits are not a disability, and can be a real asset.
from Nassim Nicholas Taleb‘s antifragile:
..costs associated with fixing things that one should leave alone.
..medical error still currently kills between three times (as accepted by doctors) and ten times as many people as car accidents in the United States. It is generally accepted that harm from doctors—not including risks from hospital germs—accounts for more deaths than any single cancer.
Pharma plays the game of concealed and distributed iatrogenics, and it has been growing. It is easy to assess iatrogenics when the surgeon amputates the wrong leg or operates on the wrong kidney, or when the patient dies of a drug reaction. But ..
..when you medicate a child for an imagined or invented psychiatric disease, say, ADHD or depression, instead of letting him out of the cage, the long-term harm is largely unaccounted for.
..we need to avoid being blind to the natural antifragility of systems, their ability to take care of themselves, and fight our tendency to harm and fragilize them by not giving them a chance to do so.
..Had Prozac been available last century, Baudelaire’s “spleen,” Edgar Allan Poe’s moods, the poetry of Sylvia Plath, the lamentations of so many other poets, everything with a soul would have been silenced.
post by Peter Gray (2010):
My analysis of these stories suggests that (1) most ADHD-diagnosed kids do fine without drugs if they are not in a conventional school; (2) the ADHD characteristics don’t vanish when the kids leave conventional school, but the characteristics are no longer as big a problem as they were before; and (3) ADHD-diagnosed kids seem to do especially well when they are allowed to take charge of their own education.
As a culture we are so used to thinking of school as the normative environment for children that we rarely even think about the possibility of children learning and developing well outside of that environment.
– – –
another in 2010 via Peter:
The “ADHD Personality”: Its Cognitive, Biological, and Evolutionary Foundations
look at the (growth) of adhd diagnoses.. what’s really happening.. parents circumstances have become so stressful.. and because parents are stressed .. children are stressed.. these children are tuning out .. to protect themselves.. at a time when their brain is been developing.. and now they’re being diagnosed left/right/center with a so called medical disease.. an inheritable medical disease.. it’s neither a disease nor is it inheritable.. it’s actually a normal response to an abnormal circumstance..of parental stress.. so what i’m saying is that a lot of the adult disfunction mental/physical illness that i see is actually the outcomes of childhood coping mechanisms..
our first question.. why so many people stressed
The understanding of relationship is infinitely more important than the search for any plan of action.. -J. Krishnamurti
attunement is the quintessential component of a larger process, called attachment.. attachment is simply our need to be close to somebody..
emotional stress particularly affects the chemistry of the prefrontal cortex the center for selective attention, motivation and self-regulation..
both endorphins an dopamine promote the development of new connections in the prefrontal cortex.. (ie: from perfectly attuned mother-child mutual gaze interaction)
the letters add may equally well stand for attunement deficit disorder..
what looks like a deficit of attention may be a preoccupation w something important to the child but hidden to the observing adult: the child’s emotional anxieties..
even the most benign parenting writes allan shcore… involves some use of mild shaming procedures to influence behavior..
it’s not curing that add children need: they need to be helped to grow.. what is required is not a change in parenting techniques but a change in parenting attitudes.. based on a deeper understanding of the child
the key factor is cementing the attachment relationship
attempting to motivate from the outside betrays a lack of faith in the child and in nature. it reflects the anxiety of the parent, not the limitations of the child
along with attachment, the other necessary condition for the development of motivation is autonomy..
‘people need to feel that their behavior is truly chosen by them rather than imposed by some external source’ writes edward deci ‘
delay (actually eliminate..no..?) kinder reduces adhd:
fb share by tim kubik (article from 2014): drugging of the american boy
According to manufacturers of ADHD stimulants, they are associated with sudden death in children who have heart problems, ..can bring on a bipolar condition ….new or worse aggressive behavior or hostility…new psychotic symptoms (such as hearing voices and believing things that are not true) or new manic symptoms.” They commonly cause noticeable weight loss and trouble sleeping. In some children, some stimulants can cause the paranoid feeling that bugs are crawling on them. Facial tics. They can cause children’s eyes to glaze over, their spirits to dampen. One study reported fears of being harmed by other children and thoughts of suicide.
imagine that little boy—your little boy—alone in his bed in the night, eyes wide with fear, afraid to move, a frightening and unfamiliar voice echoing in his head, afraid to call for you. Imagine him shivering because he hasn’t eaten all day because he isn’t hungry. His head is pounding. He doesn’t know why any of this is happening.
Now imagine that he is suffering like this because of a mistake. Because a doctor examined him for twelve minutes, looked at a questionnaire on which you had checked some boxes, listened to your brief and vague report that he seemed to have trouble sitting still in kindergarten, made a diagnosis for a disorder the boy doesn’t have, and wrote a prescription for a powerful drug he doesn’t need.
If you have a son in America, there is an alarming probability that this has happened or will happen to you.
And what breaks my heart is how these kids, and the parents along with them, get broken in school, and they come out of twelfth grade believing that they’re stupid
His face is lit up—he is shocked by what he has just heard, and shocked by his own joyful reaction. He’s laughing, looking at this man who has just told him that he has greatness within his soul, and the kid slaps the floor, then crosses his skinny arms on top of his head, and smiles with pride. He is euphoric.
It is almost as if he has been drugged.
[long article.. just skimmed it]
The Long View (@HayekAndKeynes) tweeted at 5:39 AM – 14 May 2018 :
Best description of ADHD I’ve heard yet:
“It’s like having bicycle brakes on a Ferrari brain” (http://twitter.com/HayekAndKeynes/status/995992009268760576?s=17)
The ADHD Overdiagnosis Epidemic Is a Schooling Problem, Not a Child One
“As Boston College psychology professor Peter Gray writes:
‘What does it mean to have ADHD? Basically, it means failure to adapt to the conditions of standard schooling. Most diagnoses of ADHD originate with teachers’ observations.’ “