wengrow/graeber top-down law

there is absolutely no evidence that top-down structures of rule are the necessary consequence of large-scale organization.

from How to change the course of human history by David Graeber and David Wengrow – mar 2 2018 [https://www.eurozine.com/change-course-human-history/]

There is no reason to believe that small-scale groups are especially likely to be egalitarian, or that large ones must necessarily have kings, presidents, or bureaucracies. These are just prejudices stated as facts.


freeman structure law (?) – ‘the larger the group, the more formal mechanisms have to be put in place’


undisturbed ecosystem – ‘in undisturbed ecosystems ..the average individual, species, or population, left to its own devices, behaves in ways that serve and stabilize the whole.


ginorm/small ness


human history:

graeber/wengrow back & forth law

graeber/wengrow never stupid law

graeber/wengrow top down law