Slavery is, in the strictest sense of the term,
any system in which principles of property law are applied to people, allowing individuals to own, buy and sell other individuals,
as a de jure form of property. A slave is unable to withdraw unilaterally from such an arrangement and works without remuneration. Many scholars now use the term chattel slavery to refer to this specific sense of legalised, de jure slavery. In a broader sense, however, the word slavery may also refer to any situation in which an individual is de facto forced to work against their own will. Scholars also use the more generic terms such as unfree labour or forced labour to refer to such situations. However, and especially under slavery in broader senses of the word, slaves may have some rights and protections according to laws or customs.
Slavery began to exist before written history, in many cultures. A person could become a slave from the time of their birth, capture, or purchase.
While slavery was institutionally recognized by most societies, it has now been outlawed in all recognized countries, the last being Mauritania in 2007. Nevertheless, there are still more slaves today than at any previous point in history, with an estimated 45 million people being in slavery worldwide. The most common form of the slave trade is now commonly referred to as human trafficking. Chattel slavery is also still practiced by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. In other areas, slavery (or unfree labour) continues through practices such as debt bondage, serfdom, domestic servants kept in captivity, certain adoptions in which children are forced to work as slaves, child soldiers, and forced marriage.
adding page this
Teen Vogue (@TeenVogue) tweeted at 6:00 PM – 2 Oct 2017 :
“Slavery didn’t end in 1865, it just evolved,” ushering in a new era of terror for Black Americans. https://t.co/wJTWGYlNwf(http://twitter.com/TeenVogue/status/915003527902171136?s=17)
Bryan Stevenson, founder of the Equal Justice Initiative (EJI), tellsTeen Vogue that lynching was so common because “slavery didn’t end in 1865, it just evolved,” ushering in a new era of terror for black Americans.
Lynchings were rarely random acts of passion — far more frequently, they were warnings to black Americans who were working to better their economic and social stakes not to step out of line with an existing racial hierarchy that placed them squarely at the bottom.
These lynchings were frequent and public acts, often attended by high-society types and with family themed festivities, as if they were preplanned weekend affairs. “People would sometimes come to these lynchings, bring their children, bring their snacks, sip lemonade, eat deviled eggs, and create a carnival atmosphere while black men and women were being tortured and burned alive sometimes literally on the courthouse lawn,” Stevenson says, citing his research.
In this political moment, many are still wrestling with the modern manifestations of black subjugation and repression, such as mass incarceration and police brutality. As young black people assert their identities and personhood through activism and resistance, there remains a question of when or, rather, if black lives will start to matter in truly meaningful ways in the United States. Until we tell the truth about lynching and its role in forming this nation, we won’t get there.