graeber exchange law

the very principle of exchange emerged largely as an effect of violence – –

david graeber 

: ‘the very principle of exchange emerged largely as an effect of violence – -‘david graeber

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from david graeber in his debt (book)

478

the one thing that all these misconceptions have in common, we will find, is that they tend to reduce all human relations to exchange.

marsh exchange law et al

this leads to another question.. if not exchange.. then what?

we dance.. as one

(will address in ch 5) – origins of money to demo how the very principle of exchange emerged largely as an effect of violence.. t

the very principle of exchange emerged largely as an effect of violence – –

the real origins of money are to be found in crime and recompense, war and slavery, honor, debt, and redemption..t

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from murray bookchin‘s toward an eco society:

77

trade is the reduction and quantification of the world to commodity equivalence..t.. the leveler of quality, skill, and concrete labour to numerical units that can be measured by time and money, by clocks and gold.. what sets the is abstract quantified world in motion is competition.. the struggle for self preservation on the market place.. capitalism, the domain of competition par excellence.. has its fair share of violence, plunder, piracy and enslavement; but in the normal course of events its mode of self reservation is a quiet process of economic cannibalization.. the devouring of one capitalist by another and the ever greater centralization of capital in fewer hands..

marsh exchange law .. graeber exchange law.. et al

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graeber violence/quantification law

marsh exchange law

exchange

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laws\ish