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Bangladesh (/ˌbæŋɡləˈdɛʃ/ or /ˌbɑːŋ-/; Bengali: বাংলাদেশ Bāṃlādēśa, pronounced [ˈbaŋlad̪eʃ] lit. ”The country of Bengal”), officially the People’s Republic of Bangladesh (গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ Gaṇaprajātantrī Bāṃlādēśa), is a country in South Asia. It shares land borders with India and Myanmar (Burma). Nepal, Bhutan and China are located near Bangladesh but do not share a border with it. The country’s maritime territory in the Bay of Bengal is roughly equal to the size of its land area. Bangladesh is the world’s eighth most populous country. Dhaka is its capital and largest city, followed by Chittagong, which has the country’s largest port.


Rights in Bangladesh are enshrined in the country’s constitution. However, government and security forces have flouted constitutional principles and have been accused of human rights abuses. Bangladesh is ranked “partly free” in Freedom House’s Freedom in the Worldreport, but its press is ranked “not free”. According to the British Economist Intelligence Unit, the country has a hybrid regime: the third of four rankings in its Democracy Index. Bangladesh was the third-most-peaceful South Asian country in the 2015 Global Peace Index. Civil society and media in Bangladesh have been attacked by the ruling Awami League government and Islamic extremists.

According to National Human Rights Commission chairman Mizanur Rahman, 70% of alleged human-rights violations are committed by law-enforcement agencies. Targets have included Nobel Peace Prize winner Muhammad Yunus and the Grameen Bank, secularist bloggers and independent and pro-opposition newspapers and television networks. The United Nations is concerned about government “measures that restrict freedom of expression and democratic space”.

Bangladeshi security forces, particularly the Rapid Action Battalion (RAB), have received international condemnation for human-rights abuses (including enforced disappearances, torture and extrajudicial killings). Over 1,000 people have been said to have been victims of extrajudicial killings by RAB since its inception under the last Bangladesh Nationalist Party government. The RAB has been called a “death squad” by Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International, which have called for the force to be disbanded. The British and American governments have been criticized for funding and engaging the force in counter-terrorism operations.

The Bangladeshi government has not fully implemented the Chittagong Hill Tracts Peace Accord. The Hill Tracts region remains heavily militarized, despite a peace treaty with indigenous people forged by the United People’s Party of the Chittagong Hill Tracts.

Secularism is protected by the constitution of Bangladesh, and religious parties are barred from contesting elections; however, the government is accused of courting religious extremist groups. Islam’s ambiguous position as the de facto state religion has been criticized by the United Nations. Despite relative harmony, religious minorities have faced occasional persecution. The Hindu and Buddhist communities have experienced religious violence from Islamic groups, notably the Bangladesh Jamaat-e-Islami and its student wing (Shibir). Islamic far-right candidates peaked at 12 percent of the vote in 2001, falling to four percent in 2008. Homosexuality is outlawed by section 377 of the criminal code, and is punishable by a maximum of life imprisonment.


adding page because of refugee ness et of rohingya people et al

(esp short exchange w mz who said: they are fucked)

Mike Zuckerman‘s fb share (dec 2017)

I’ve spent the last few weeks in Bangladesh trying to comprehend the largest humanitarian crisis outside of war zones right now. Over 600,000 Rohingya have fled Myanmar and come here to Cox Bazaar in the last 3 months. No one has ever seen anything matching the scale, density and speed at which these mega refugee camps formed.


great opp Mike.. wish we could talk.. there is a means to facil that chaos.. set them free.. and to model how to set the rest of us truly free as well

ie: hlb via 2 convos that io dance.. as the day..[aka: not part\ial.. for (blank)’s sake…]..  a nother way

I used to refer to the slaughter of Rohingya as ethnic cleansing. After talking to victims like these, I think it’s time to raise the word “genocide.” My column

Original Tweet:

“Ethnic cleansing” and even “genocide” are antiseptic and abstract terms. What they mean in the flesh is a soldier grabbing a crying baby girl named Suhaifa by the leg and flinging her into a bonfire. Or troops locking a 15-year-old girl in a hut and setting it on fire.

they hiked for two days through the woods to get to the Bangladesh border

The global and American responses have been feeble, so Myanmar is getting away with murder and rape intended to change the country’s demography. The lesson that the world’s complacency sends to other countries is that this is an ideal time to eradicate a vexing ethnic group.

Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, the Nobel Peace Prize winner, has become the apologist for these mass atrocities. Daw Suu does not control the Myanmar Army, but she has defended the military operation and mocked “a huge iceberg of misinformation.” Her Facebook page scoffed at a Rohingya woman’s report of sexual assault by soldiers as “fake rape.”

Myanmar soldiers held Hasina and other village women at gunpoint, she said, while the troops executed the men and boys, doused the bodies with gasoline and turned the corpses into a bonfire. Then the troops led the women and girls, five at a time, toward a hut.

Doctors Without Borders calculated that at least 9,000 Rohingya, including 1,000 small children, died after the army’s attacks, which were undertaken with a savagery that left hardened war correspondents shaken. These attacks involved the systematic use of rape to terrorize the Rohingya.

The Rohingya who have reached Bangladesh live in vast, sprawling refugee encampments, where I interviewed them in their tents and shacks; aid organizations provide desperately needed food, water, toilets and medical care, but cannot offer hope. Bangladesh does not want the Rohingya and does not allow aid organizations to teach Bengali, the national language, or to offer an education beyond primary school.

China has proposed a plan that would result in the return of the refugees to Myanmar, presumably to live stateless in concentration camps like the ones for Rohingya that I’ve previously reported on. But most are too terrified to contemplate returning. It would be an outrage to force refugees back.

There is no easy solution to possible genocide; there never is. But accountability helps, so there should be a major push to prosecute Myanmar military officials in the International Criminal Court. Judges can resolve whether these crimes against humanity also amount to genocide.

Myanmar may have concluded that its slaughter is a success — denunciations from bleeding-heart journalists and human rights groups are an acceptable price for eliminating half of its Rohingya population.


How the world can help Rohingya refugees

Original Tweet:

More than 620,000 refugees have arrived in Bangladesh in the last few months – at a speed not seen since the Rwandan crisis. It’s the fastest-growing refugee emergency in the world today. In an age of ugly intolerance to refugees, an extraordinary Bangladesh has kept its borders open to provide safe refuge.

Yet emergency aid can only ever be a sticking plaster. To end the suffering of the Rohingya, it is necessary to tackle the ongoing violence and discrimination that has boiled over into a crisis, sending hundreds of thousands fleeing for their lives.

It called for action to address the underlying causes of chronic under-development, poverty and landlessness for all people in Rakhine State.

roots of healing


UNICEF Media (@UNICEFmedia) tweeted at 7:00 AM – 19 Jan 2018 :

“In Bangladesh, tens of millions of children and families are at risk of losing their homes, their land and their livelihoods from rising sea levels, flooding and increased cyclone intensity.” @justinforsyth @NickKristof on #ClimateChange in #Bangladesh



refugee ness

indigenous ness

let’s try something hlb via 2 convos that io dance.. as the day..[aka: not part\ial.. for (blank)’s sake…]..  a nother way


Janet Gunter (@JanetGunter) tweeted at 6:05 AM – 24 Apr 2018 :

If you do one online thing today, please watch these short videos so well done @newint #FashionRevolutionWeek (

Bangladesh is home to almost five million garment workers, making it the second largest manufacturer of garments in the world. Its factory workers make the clothes we wear every day.

first video:

fashion industry (often hear the bad stories) .. has been a positive for many of our lives


(@hieinaloux) tweeted at 1:32 AM – 5 Aug 2018 :
The youth in Bangladesh, who were peacefully rallying for safer roads, are facing social injustice and are being tortured and harmed. 4 male students have been killed and 4 females have been raped.
This is not just a hashtag. This is a call for awareness. #WeWantJustice (


CNN (@CNN) tweeted at 4:49 AM – 10 Aug 2018 :
Authorities in Bangladesh are being accused of torturing Shahidul Alam, one of the country’s most famous photographers and social activists (


Carne Ross (@carneross) tweeted at 6:13 AM – 23 Aug 2018 :
An important piece by a Rohingya in the Bangladesh camps, via @FT (


World Economic Forum (@wef) tweeted at 5:00 AM – 19 Feb 2020 :
How the digital economy is shaping a new Bangladesh #Bangladesh

With the advent of rapid digitalization, many developing countries like Bangladesh are focusing on the digital economy: a global market for digital outsourcing.

The digitalization of a country’s economy not only drives innovation in its service industry, it also fuels domestic job opportunities, enabling faster economic growth.

schooling the world ness.. supposed to’s.. of school/work

As a result, Bangladesh has already become the second-largest supplier of online labour,

freelancer challenges: lack of internet connection; women; ..