gut

gut.png

by Giulia Enders

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notes/quotes:

part 1 – gut feeling

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we develop, roughly speaking, from 3 tubes: 1\ runs right thru us w knot in middle.. cardiovascular system .. know is heart  2\ parallel to first along our back.. nervous system.. spinal cord.. brain at top  3\ runs thru us from end to end.. intestinal tube.. gut.. buds later develop into lungs.. liver, gall bladder, pancreas.. involved in construction of our mouth, esophagus.. stomach pouch so we can store food for couple hours..  then masterpiece.. intestine/gut

other two tubes.. held in high regard.. heart and brain..  but we underestimate our gut..

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the considerations of our sphincter (inner and outer) may not sound worthy.. but in fact they are concerned w some of the most basic questions of human existence: how important to us is our inner world and what compromises should we make to get by in the external world

maté basic needs..

if we suppress out need to go .. too often or for too long, our internal sphincter begins to feel browbeaten. in fact, we are able to reeducated it completely.. that means the sphincter and the surrounding muscles have been disciplined so often by the external sphincter that they become cowed…if communication between two sphincters breaks down completely constipation can result

analogous to trump law

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the good news is that those nerves can heal and reconnect

roots of healing

drs call treatment – biofeedback therapy.. it teaches the two sphincters to overcome their estrangement and get to know each other again..

2 convos that io dance.. as the day

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the closure mech of our gut is designed in such a way that it cannot open the hatch completely when we are seated.. there is a muscle that encircles the gut like a lasso when we are sitting or .. standing.. and it pulls the gut in one direction creating a kind in the tube.. this mech is a kind of extra insurance policy..

squatting has been natural defecation position for humans since time immemorial.. the modern sitting toilet has existed only since indoor sanitation became common in lat 18th cent

japanese researchers: squatting does indeed lead to a nice straight intestinal tract; hemorrhoids, digestive diseases and constipation are common only in countries where people generally sit on some kind of chair .. hemorrhoids prefer to avoid internal pressure like that by dangling loosely out of the anus.. diverticula are small light bulb shaped pouches in the bowel wall, resulting from the tissue in the gut bulging outward under pressure..

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1.2 bn who squat.. have almost no incidence of diverticulosis.. we in the west on the other hand, squeeze our gut tissue until it comes out of our behinds and we have to have it removed by a dr. do we put ourselves thru all that just because sitting on a throne is more ‘civilized’ than silly squatting..? drs believe that straining too much/often can also seriously increase risk of varicose veins.. stroke..

peepoople for all

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it is possible to squat while sitting.. incline upper forward and put feet on footrest..all the angles correct..

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secrets in mouth: four small points.. two of them inside cheeks opposite your upper molars.. in middle.. parotid papillae.. other two.. beneath tongue.. just to rt and left of the fold of skin connecting tongue to floor of mouth.. these four little nubs supply your mouth w saliva..

in cheeks.. secrete saliva when needed.. ie: when we eat..

under tongue.. secrete saliva continuously

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there are substances in saliva that contain calcium whose sole function is to make our teeth harder.. but if tooth is constantly bombarded w calcium..  tartar… such a rough surface.. affording much better foothold for bacteria..

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why calcium in saliva..? saliva is basically filtered blood..

saliva contains one painkiller that is stronger than morphine.. called opiorphin and was only discovered in 2006.. mouth contains more nerve endings than almost anywhere else in body..  w/o salivary painkiller..

when we chew we produce more saliva .. explains why a sore throat often feels better after a meal.. even chewing gum provides us w a dose of our oral anodyne…

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even a handful of new studies showing that opiorphin has antidepressant properties..  is our spit partly responsible for the reassuring effects of comfort eating?

saliva protects oral cavity not only from pain.. but from too many bad bacteria.. mucus..  envelop teeth/gums in a protective mucin net..  can catch bacteria before they have a chance to harm us.. while bad bacteria caught in net.. antibacterial substances in our saliva can kill them off

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the fact that we produce so little saliva at night explains why many people have bad breath or a sore throat in the morning.. 8 hrs of scarce salivation means one thing for microbes.. party time.. that’s why brushing teeth before bed and when get up is such a clever idea.. at night.. reduces number of bacteria in mouth.. fewer partygoers.. in morning.. like cleaning up after party..

salivary glands wake up at same time .. munching on first piece of toast or hygiene duties adds extra stimulation for salivation.. washes away nocturnal microbes or transports them down into stomach, where gastric juices finish them off

those who suffer bad breath during day may have not managed to remove enough must smelling bacteria.. hide out under newly formed mucin net..  where saliva can’t get to them..

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a tongue scraper can help.. but so can chewing gum..  which produces saliva.. there’s another place bad breath can lurk.. but more of that later..

root of tongue.. pink domes..  investigate everything we swallow.. includes some of the most inquisitive tissue in our body.. immune tissue.. circles entire throat.. tonsillar tissue (whether or not tonsils have been taken out or not).. if  tongue and teeth have been excluded as cause of bad breath.. next place to check.. tonsils.. little white stones found hiding in crypts.. smell terrible

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no amount of brushing, scraping, gargling helps.. the little stones will eventually work their way out w no permanent harm.. to test.. run finger/cotton bud over tonsils and then sniff.. then can get youtube video how to squeeze them out.. not for the fainthearted.. also.. can gargle w salt water several times a day.. some say cutting out dairy

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by age 7 our immune system has finished its schooling.. so to speak.. and can go to work for us for rest of our life..

before 7.. our tonsils are still an important training camp for our immune cells.. ie: removing tonsils before 7 can lead to increased risk of obesity.. why… not yet discovered.. more and more researchers are now becoming interested in the link between the immune system and body weight.. can be a boon for underweight children.. but for all others.. make sure child eats healthy.. balance diet after tonsillectomy..

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before 7 if impedes breathing or causing many infections.. then immune system on overdrive…. removal can also help ie: skin condition; rheumatic diseases..

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something happening every second in mouth.. but.. mouth is simply the gateway to a world where the external becomes internalized..

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esophagus.. enters organ on right hand side..  when simply walking.. we tense our abdominal muscles, doubling pressure in our abdomen.. when we laugh/cough…. so it’s good esophagus takes this winding route.. because of this.. fit of laughter may only let out little gas.. few people have been known to vomit from laughing..

bloated stomach.. sleep on left side .. allows you to burp more.. sitting up straight and looking upwards stretches esophagus.. allows it to close more efficiently at each end.. that’s why sitting or standing up straight can help prevent heartburn after a large meal

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stomach sits higher than we think.. begins just below left nipple and ends below bottom of ribcage on right.. heart and lungs sit on top of stomach..

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shorter right hand side of stomach.. for liquids .. to small intestine.. larger.. breaks down solids..

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small intestine winds all around.. moist.. pink.. most people do not realize that only the final 3 ft of our large intestine has anything to do w feces.. the preceding sections of tract are surprisingly clean and smell free..

small intestine wanders aimlessly about in our abdomen..   epitomizes the love of detail..

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60 ft.. w/o folds.. each square inch contains about 20 000 tiny fingerlike projections.. each of those covered w little protrusions.. microvilli: villi on villi..  who are in turn covered w velvety meshwork made of countess sugar based structures that look a little bit like antlers…. if all this were ironed out to smooth surface… sm intestine would have some 4.5 miles

the surface areas of our digestive system is about 100x greater than area of our skin

this is what it’s all about inside our belly: we enlarge ourselves as much as possible in order to reduce anything from outside to the smallest size we can, until it is so tiny our body can absorb it and it eventually becomes part of us

body prefers.. fresh fruit and hot cooked food.. ie: if we swallow a raw egg, it will undergo same processes in our stomach as it would in frying pan. the white of the egg runs opaque they yoke takes on a pastel color.. and both set and become solid. if we were to vomit the raw egg back up after the right amount of time, the results would look like almost perfect scrambled eggs.. w/o cooking..

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cooking food saves us the whole first burst of energy required to unfold those proteins, which would otherwise have to be expended by the stomach. by preferring cooked food.. the body outsources the first part of the digestive process..

as soon as we eat something, the liver and pancreas begin to produce thees juices and deliver them to the papilla.. these juices contain the same agents as the laundry detergent and dish soap: digestive enzymes and fat solvents.. laundry deter is effective in removing stains because it ‘digests out’ any fatty, protein rich or sugary substances.. w a little help from the movement from washing machine.. leaving these substances free to be rinsed down drain w dirty water.. that is more/less same as what happen s in sm intestine.. main diff.. protein, fat, carbo broken down in intestine ready to be transported to bloodstream thru gut wall are huge by comparison.. so requiring that huge surface area..

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all the sm intestine’s blood vessels eventually come together and carry blood to he liver, where the nutrients are screened from harmful substances and toxins..  and dangerous substances can be destroyed here before the blood passes into the main circulatory system.. if we eat too much, this is where the first energy stores are created.. nutrient rich blood flows from liver to heart.. there it receives a powerful push and is pumped to countless cells of body.. keeps all cells alive.. and heat produced keeps body at 97 to 99 degrees..

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all your body’s organs use up energy (by eating apples that have energy; by breathing in;..), but it’s from the sm intestine that we start to get some energy back

a good proportion of our body weight is made from such inhaled atoms and not from cheeseburgers..

right after eat.. feel full because stomach expanded.. but just as sluggish.. have to come up w extra energy fora ll that mixing and breaking down.. to achieve this.. a large amount of blood is delivered to our digestive organs.. many researchers also believe that postprandial tiredness may be due to the resulting reduced blood supply to brain

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sm intestine works most effectively when we are pleasantly relaxed..

unnecessary appendix

if fever and pain below and to right of belly button..

reputation for being useless..

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not only too small to deal w chyme, also positions in location that partly digested food hardly ever reaches.. just below junction between sm and lg intestines and is completely bypassed.. although far removed from rest of its kinds, the appendix is part of the tonsillar immune tissue..

large intestine is home of most of our gut bacteria.. and our immune system is very interested in these bacteria.. so appendix couldn’t be better placed.. far enough not to be bothered by all digestive business.. but close enough to monitor foreign microbes.. although walls of large intestine include large deposits of immune cells, the appendix is made almost entirely of immune tissue..  so if bad germ comes by, it is surrounded.. however, that also means that everything around it can become infected – 360 degree, panoramic inflammations..  if this causes appendix to swell.. the little tube has problems sweeping itself clean of those bad germs.. leading to one of the more than 270 000 appendectomies carried out every year in us alone

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appendix leaves only good germs alive and attacks anything it sees as dangerous.. this also means healthy appendix acts as a storehouse of all the best most helpful bacteria.. discovered in 2007 .. practically comes into play after heavy bout of diarrhea..that will often flush away many of the typical gut microbes, leaving the terrain free for other bacteria to settle.. this is when… the appendix team steps in and spreads out protectively throughout the entire lg intestine..

could say we don’t need appendix as urgently as people in regions.. ie: india or spain.. w more dangerous microbes.. that cause diarrhea

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lg intestine processes leftovers for 16 hrs or so.. makes available substances that would have been lost if the gut were more hurried..like calcium, k, b12, thiamine, riboflavin.. useful for ie: help blood clot.. strengthen nerves.. prevent migraines..

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in final 3 ft of lg intestine. our water and salt levels are finely tuned..  the saltiness of our feces always remains the same…saes the body an entire quart of fluids which we would have to make up by drinking tha much more per day..

from lg intestine.. to liver.. for checking.. then the main blood system.. final few inches of lg intestine.. d o not send blood to detoxifying liver; blood from their vessels goes straight into the main circulatory system.. because generally nothing more is absorbed in this section.. because everything useful has already been removed.. one important exception: any substances contained in a medical suppository..  suppositories can contain much less medication that pills and still take effect more quickly.. tablets and fluid meds often have to contain large doses of active agent because much of it is removed by liver before it even reaches the area of the body it is mean to act on.. less than ideal.. since substances recognized by liver as toxins are the reason we take the meds in the first place.. so if want to do liver a favor.. and still need to take fever reducing or other meds.. make use of the shortcut via the rectum and use a suppository.. esp good idea for very young/old patients..

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most important phase of digestion takes place in sm intestine..  where max sa meets max reduction of our food down to tiniest pieces.. this is where decisions are made.. mother nature makes use of fat that all living things are made of same basic ingredients: sugar molecules, amino acids, and fats.. at this level.. no diff between an apple, tree, cow..

if it doesn’t enter the system too quickly, sugar is an important raw material for our body.. used as fuel for our cells.. or to build sugar structure

despite the problems, our body loves sugary sweet treats because they save the body work (already broken down) same is true of warm proteins..  but overdose.. and harder to restore healthy balance .. pumps large amounts of various hormones, most importantly insulin..

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when we eat too much sugar, our body simply stores it away for leaner times.. stored in liver or in fatty tissue..

glycogen reserves are soon used up – just about the time during your run when you notice the exercise is suddenly much harder work. that is why nutritional ;physiologists say we should d o at least an hr’s exercise if we want to burn fat.. it’s not until we pass thru first energy dip that we start to tap into these fine reserves…. our paunch isn’t the first thing to go.. human cells adore fat..

fat is the most valuable and efficient of all food particles.. can concentrate twice as much energy as carbs or protein..

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we use fat to coat our nerves.. this coating makes us fast thinkers..  some of most important hormones in our body are made out of fat.. and every cell is wrapped in membrane made largely of fat.. it’s like life insurance..

fat must be absorbed via a different route: the lymphatic system.. vessels are thin and filmy white in color.. drain away fluid.. no muscular walls.. work via gravity.. that’s why ie: eyes swollen in am..

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lymphatic system under appreciated weakling everywhere except in sm intestine. . where all digested fat gathers w/o risk of clogging.. all goes straight into the hearts.. no detoxing detour via liver.. detox of dangerous bad fat takes place only after the heart has give the fat laden fluid a powerful push to pump it thru the system.. just as bad can be bad.. good fat can be good..(olive oil – frying it not so good.. heat can cause damage.. use butter.. and should always close bottle of olive oil carefully after use and keep it in fridge because free radicals in it are bad too)

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lactose intolerance is not an allergy or real intolerance at all, but a deficiency.. lactose splitting enzyme

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feces are 3/4 water.. 1/3 of solid are bacteria, 1/3 are indigestible vegetable fiber..(vegies/fruits more feces) 1/3 substances body wants to get rid of  ie: meds, food coloring, cholesterol..

color is from blood..first turns green then yellow.. urine color too.. most of it passes thru liver and into gut.. there bacteria change its color once gain.. this time turning it brown..

light br to gray – connection between liver and gut is blocked by kink in tubes or pressure..  gray tint – should see dr

black or red – both color of blood.. for those w hemmorhoids..a small amount of bright red blood.. no reason to worry.. however.. anything darker should be checked.. unless been eating beetroot

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consistency.. type 4 ideal – like a snake.. smooth soft.. like toothpaste.. optimum ratio between fluid and solid..

should not plummet straight to bottom as this would indicate the possibility that still contain nutrients.. good sign if sink slowly and contain bubbles.. that keep them afloat..

part 2 – the nervous system

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the most powerful muscles in our body are the jaw muscles; the body’s most flexible striated (not smooth) muscle is the tongue.. working together, they are not only incredible crunchers, they are also nimble manipulators..

tooth enamel is the hardest substance produced by the human body.. needs to be since our jaws can exert pressure of up to 180 lbs..on each of our molars..

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our bellies don’t rumble when we’re hungry, but when there is a long enough break between meals to finally get some cleaning done..

constant snacking means there is not time for cleaning.. some nutritional scientist recommend we leave 5 hrs between meals.. those who chew food thoroughly create less work.. and can listen to belly when it tells them it’s time to eat again..

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saliva before vomiting is meant to protect teeth from corrosive effects for the gastric acid about to come into contact with..

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daniel wolpert: only reason for having a brain is to enable movement..

not info ness..

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scientists are cautiously beginning to question the view that the brain is the sole and absolute ruler over the body.. the gut not only possesses an unimaginable number of nerves, those nerves are also unimaginably different from those of the rest of the body… there is only one other organ in the body that can compete w the gut for diversity.. the brain.. the gut’s network of nerves is called the ‘gut brain’ because it is just as large and chemically complex as the gray matter in our heads.. out self is created in our head and our gut – no longer just in language (scared shitless.. bad tasted in mouth.. butterflies in stomach.. et al), but increasingly also in the lab

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vagus nerve is the fastest and most important route from the gut to the brain.. people can be made to feels comfortable or anxious by stimulating their vagus nerve at different frequencies..

brain is isolated.. gut is right in thick of it.. able to tell brain things about us it would never otherwise have had an inkling of

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gut’s large sa makes it the body’s largest sensory organ… a huge matrix sensing our inner life and working on the subconscious mind..  eyes, ears, nose or skin pale by comparison

it’s palpably clear that our infant self consists of the gut and the brain.. as we get older.. we increasingly experience the world thru our senses.. connection between gut and brain becomes more refined..

not yet scrambled ness

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when gut is irritated.. its connection to the brain can make life extremely unpleasant

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stress is thought to be among the most important stimuli discussed by the brain and the gut.. brain senses major problem.. needs energy.. borrows from gut.. however.. this system is not designed for long term use.. if brain permanently thinks it is in a n emergency situation it begins to take undue advantage of the gut’s compliance.. when that happens, gut is forced to send unpleasant signals to he brain to say it is no longer willing to be exploited.. this neg stimulus can cause fatigue, loss of appetite, general malaise, or diarrhea.. gut reacts by ridding itself of food to save energy so it is available to the brain.. .. if has to continue.. health will eventually suffer..

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one theory proposed by research bacteriologists is that stress is unhygienic.. the altered circumstances stress creates in the gut allow different bacteria to survive there than in periods of low stress.. could say stress changes the weather in the gut..

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michael gershon .. interested in the possibility of developing effective antidepressants that only influence the gut and do not have an effect on the brain.. would be useful in treating sudden onset of sever depression in people who lives are otherwise fine. perhaps it is their gut that needs a session on the therapist’s couch and their head is not to blame at all..

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anyone who suffers from anxiety or depression should remember that an unhappy gut can be the cause of an unhappy mind. sometimes gut has perfect right to be unhappy.. ie: dealing w an undetected food intolerance… we should not always blame depression on the brain or on our life circumstances.. there is much more to us than that..

grumpiness, happiness, insecurity, well-being, and worry do not originate in isolation in the mind. we are human beings, w arms and legs, genital, a heart, lungs, and a gut. science’s concentration on the brain has long blinded us to the fact that our self is made up of more than just our gray matter.

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bud craig: his theory that human self-awareness originates in the insular cortex..

hypothesis p 1: insula receive info about feelings from entire body..each pieced of info like a pixel.. insula orgs these pixels to form overall image.. reps a map of our feelings..

hypothesis p 2: daniel wolpert tells us purpose of brain is to create movement..  aim of movement is to bring about an effect.. brain can use insula’s map to plan meaningful movement..  one of main purposes of movement is to shift us constantly toward a healthy equilib..

hypothesis p 3: brain is an organ of body.. so .. if insula creates an image of body.. that image must also include the on board computer in our head..

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the more info we connect.. the cleverer the movements we can make..

craig believes the picture is refreshed approx every 40 sec .. merge into a kind of movie.. of self.. of our life.. great deal of what makes up this movie is contributed by brain.. but not everything.. may be time to expand descates’: i fee, then i think, therefore i am..

part 3 – the world of microbes

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work on an atlas of human bacteria did not begin until 2007..  of our entire microbiome 99% are found in the gut

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almost every body smell is produced by bacteria..

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people are slowly beginning to realize that the vast majority of bacteria are harmless, or even helpful…

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on the billions of bacteria in our bodies.. so how do the bacteria sidestep the immune system and stage a bacterial woodstock inside our bodies..

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we face potential death every day.. and several times a day  our lives are saved..

80% of immune system in gut..

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newborns do not yet have many bacteria in guts.. so can get blood from any type donor..

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(on womb.. 100%.. bacteria free).. as soon as there is any breach in the protective amniotic sac, colonization begins. while 100% of cells that make us up when we start life are human cells, we are soon colonized by so many microorganism that only 10% of our cells are human w microbes accounting for the remaining 90%.. we can’t see this because our human cells are so much larger..

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the rapid repopulation.. despite rapid growth.. it will be about 3 yrs before the gut flora develops to the right level and then stabilizes.. prior to that, our gut is the scene of dramatic power struggles and great bacterial battles..

what we gather from birth.. depends on what goes in our mouth.. some will leave just as fast.. others will remain w us for the rest of our lives..

no matter how many others.. if we are allowed to kiss and cuddle w our mother regularly, we will be protected by her microbes.. breast feeding also promotes particular members of our gut flora – ie: bifidobacteria.. instrumental in development of later bodily functions.. such as immune system or metabolic system. children w insufficient bifidobacteria in their gut in their first year have an increase risk of obesity in later life

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breast feeding can help shift the balance toward the beneficial and reduce the risk of a later gluten intolerance…. breast milk provides everything that dietary scientists belive children need in order to thrive.. it contains everything, knows everything, and can do everything necessary fora  child’s well being..  and.. has added advantage of passing on a bit of mom’s immune system ..  .. can protect against any dangerous bacteria a child might make meet – by licking the family pet for ie

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generally accepted that first populations to colonize gut lay the main foundations for future of entire body.. importance of first few weeks of postnatal bacteria collecting for development of immune system. how do we manage to pick up bacteria that are more harmful early in life..?

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more than a third of all children in western industrialized countries are brought into world by cesarean section…. the initial contact experience d by children born by cesarean is mainly w other people’s skins.. they have to glean bacteria for their gut somehow.. since their population will not develop from maternal microbes.. like those of children born vaginally.. or skin flora is not as strictly controlled as that of the birth canal.. much more exposed to outside world..

3/4 of newborn babies who pick up typical hospital germs are those born by cesarean section.. also have an increased risk of developing allergies or asthma

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by age of seven, there is barely any discernible diff between the gut flora of children born naturally and those born by cesarean..

?

other cases of bad bacteria: poor nutrition, unnecessary use of antibiotics.. excessive cleanliness, or too much exposure to bad bacteria..

no reason for anyone to feel inadequate. we humans are large creatures and there is no way we can exercise control over every aspect of our microscopic world..

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our flora can take care of us, or it can poison us.. we are only not beginning to learn the impact the gut based bacterial community can have on an adult human.. in this respect, scientists know more about bees than about human beings..

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everyone has own personal collection of bacteria… fingerprint.. if take swab from dog and analyze genes of its bacteria.. the dog’s owner could be easily id’d.. anything we come into regular contact w carries our microbial signature.. everyone has some outlandish items in their collection that almost no one else will share..

microbial landscape in our gut is just as unique.. so how are drs supposed to know what is beneficial and what is harmful

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the genes of our bacteria.. genes are possibilities/info..  they can be dominant.. and not.. but most of all, genes are plans.. incapable of doing anything unless they are read and implemented..

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the guts of obese people are often found to contain more bacterial genes involve din breaking down carbs.. older people have fewer bacterial genes for dealing w stress.. in tokyo, but bacteria can help digest seaweed and in toronto, they probably can’t.. our gut bacteria paint a rough portrait of who we are…

they also inform us about our body’s abilities..

soy’s ability to protect against prostate cancer , cardio vascular disease or bone disorders for ie.. has now been proven.. more than 50% of asians benefit from this.. among people of european heritage .. beneficial effect is found among only 25-30%.. this cannot simply be explained by human genetic differences.. the diff is due to certain bacteria.. found more commonly in the guts of asians, where they are able to coax the health promoting essence otu of tofu and other soy products..

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science has same problem when investigating the microbiome that the google generation regularly faces.. we ask a question and six million sources send u simultaneous answers..  we don’t respond by telling them to form an orderly line. we have to sort them shrewdly into categories.. weed out irrelevants and recognize important patterns..

researchers in 2011.. expected to find chaotic mix of diff bacteria.. what they discovered.. despite great diversity.. there was order..

the three gut types..

1\ bacteroides – break down carbs.. extract energy from whatever we digest.. common in gut of meat eaters.. does having them in gut make us fat or does fat lead to having them in our gut..? yet unanswered.. also notable for producing biotin.. (vitamins b7 and H).. skin, hair, nail.. depression, lethargy.. infections,, neuro disorders.. increased cholesterol levels.. effects of biotin deficiency.. warning.. can feel lethargic w/o jumping to conclusion you have biotin deficiency..  deficiency can come from: antibiotics, drinking, sm intestine removed, dialysis, certain meds.. pregnancy – babies use up biotin like crazy

2\ prevotella – in many ways – opposite of baceroides..  more common in guts of vegetarians.. contains sulfur.. thiamine.. (vit b1) one of most important vitamins.. coats brain.. so deficiency may cause muscle tremors and forgetfulness.. polishing rice removes b1.. symptoms rarely caused exclusively by a vitamin deficiency..  anyone whose dies does not consist exclusively of pollished white rice or alcohol is usually well supplied..

3\ ruminococcus – opinions divided on whether this group exists.. if exists.. break down mucus and absorb sugar.. produces haem.. which body needs for producing blood..etc..  even if this 3rd type doesn’t exist.. no doubt that these bacteria are present in our gut.. our bacteria free lab mice have trouble forming haem.. so it stands to reason that bacteria are somehow important in this process..

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(on getting bacteria from yogurt) – get ‘contains mainly dextrorotatroy (right turning) lactic acid’

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in the industrialized world, about 90% of our nutrition comes from what we eat, and we are fed about 10% by out bacteria. so, after nine lunches, meal number ten is on the house, so to speak..

how might bacteria make us fat: 1\ chubby bacteria  2\ inflammation  3\ cravings

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our satiety signal transmitters increase considerably when we eat the food our bacteria prefer.. what our bacteria prefer is food that reaches the lg intestine undigested.. where they can gobble it us..  those foods do not include pasta and white break.. (more in last chapter)

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if it weren’t for cholesterol, we would have unstable cells and no sex hormones or vitamin d… too little cholesterol linked to memory problems, depression and aggressive behavior..

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1 in4 n americans is a carrier of h pylori. not everyone who carries it in their stomach is doomed to develop stomach problems, but most people who do have stomach problems have h pylori to thank for their woes..

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bad: around 1%  of h pylori carriers develop stomach cancer.. half of humanity .. so 1% pretty high number..

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good: teaches our immune system to stay cool.. ie: asthma.. allergies.. diabetes..

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(after section on toxoplasmata from cats.. dangerous to pregnant women.. and found in traffic accident drivers)

would the lethargy triggered by ido be enough to drive someone to suicide? .. what does it take to make people think about killing themselves.. where would a parasite need to start if it wanted to switch off our natural fear of harming ourselves..?

fear is associated w amygdala.. if it gets damaged.. a person can become fearless..

toxoplasmata mainly found in 1\ amygdala (mostly) 2\ olfactory center 3\ in brain directly behind forehead

this area is drawing up many designs very second.. so if you are a parasite w a plan.. makes sense to settle here.. from here might be possible to promote self destructive tendencies

smell is one of our most basic senses.. unlike taste, hearing, or vision, smells are not checked out before they make their way to our consciousness.. we can dream all sensory experiences except smell.. dreams are always odorless..

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there is a well known illness whose main symptom is false sensory perceptions: schizophrenia.. might ie: feel army of ants crawling over them; hear voices; be lethargic..

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much about clinical picture of schizo is still unclear. most drugs used to treat it do so by deactivating.. signal in brain that is overabundant in people w schizo: dopamine.. toxoplasmata possess genes that influence the production of dopamine in brain. not all people who suffer from schizo are parasite carriers – so that can be ruled out as the sole cause – but the proportion of carriers among those who suffer from schizo is about twice that among those who don’t

taxoplasma gondii could, therefore, influence us via the fear, smell, and behavioral centers of the brain.. a higher risk of being involved in accident, attempting suicide or suffering from schizo indicates that an infection affects at least some of us..

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new scientific age.. in which a crude lump of cat feces can show us how susceptible our lives are to change. an era in which we are just beginning to understand just how complex the connections are between us, our food, our pets, and the microscopic world in , on and around us.

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our greatest protection against bad bacteria is cleanliness.. but cleanliness is not always what we imagine it to be..

cleanliness in our gut is something akin to cleanliness in a forest..  ie: if beneficial plants it contains are in healthy equilibrium..

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pro bios means ‘for life’ probiotics are edible living bacteria that can make us healthier.. pre bios means ‘before life’ prebiotics are foodstuffs that pass undigested into the lg intestine, where they feed our beneficial bacteria so that they thrive better than bad bacteria.. anti bios means ‘against life’ antibiotics kill bacteria and are our saviors when we have picked up a pack of bad bacteria

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when we clean obsessively, we do indeed get rid of everything – both bad and good. this cannot be a good kind of cleanliness.. the higher the hygiene standards in a country, the higher that nations’ incidence of allergies and autoimmune diseases.. the more sterile a household.. the more its members will suffer from allergies and autoimmune diseases.. allergies on increase..

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more than 95% of the world’s bacteria are harmless to humans.. many are extremely beneficial.. disinfectants have no place in a normal household. they are appropriate only if a family member is sick or the dog poops on the carpet..

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4 strategies for keeping bacteria in check: dilution, temp change, drying and cleaning

bacteria cannot breed on dry surfaces..

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antibiotics can be problematic for children and old people.. their gut flora is already less stable and less able to recover after treatment w antibiotics..

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every year, many thousands of people die because they are infected w bacteria that have developed resistances that no drug can counter.. ie: after operation; long course of antibiotics..

advice: 1\ don’t take antibiotics unless really necessary; 2\ choose organically farmed meat (others have antibiotics in them); 3\ wash fruit/vegies.. residue of antibiotics from animal feces; 4\ take care abroad..

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good bacteria – probiotics.. 1\ message/pamper our gut  2\ defend out gut (often times just by occupying space)  3\ give gut good insider info and useful advice..

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number one use for over counter probiotics – treating diarrhea.. .stomach flue.. also good for immune system.. protect against allergies

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we are still ignorant of more than 60% of these gut bacteria..

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how prebiotics help: they are roughage that can only be eaten by nice bacteria.. ie: artichoke, asparagus.. green bananas.. wholegrain wheat.. oats.. things resistant to digestion

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people who never need to break wind are starving their gut bacteria and are not good hosts for their microbe guests

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on sugars.. sweetness is not in itself unhealthy, we simply eat only the most unhealthy kind

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if the good and the bad are in equilibrium, the bad ones can make us stronger and the good ones can take care and keep us healthy

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ie: hlb via 2 convos that io dance.. as the day..[aka: not part\ial.. for (blank)’s sake…]..  a nother way

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jan 2018 – Scientists are zeroing in on where intuition comes from, biologically

http://bigthink.com/philip-perry/do-you-follow-your-gut-scientists-are-zeroing-in-on-where-intuition-comes-from-biologically

It seems that our gut can actually “store” memories, and that hunger can trigger a sophisticated series of calculations that make us arrive at a decision, using our intuition or gut—in the literal sense.

He said of the findings, “Our model explains why there is [a] link between our gut and our decisions: hunger can act as a memory telling us there’s not been much food around, which it’s important to respond to in the wild.” He added, “The usefulness of such memory means that animals, including humans, may appear to be processing a great deal of information in the brain when in fact they are just following their gut.”

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secret to solving parkinsons may be gut rather than brain

http://bigthink.com/brandon-weber/the-secret-to-solving-parkinsons-disease-might-be-the-gut-rather-than-the-brain

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brain and gut having convo while you sleep – Emeran Mayer – 5 min video

http://bigthink.com/videos/emeran-mayer-on-sleep-and-the-mind-gut-connection

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CNN (@CNN) tweeted at 4:40 AM – 17 Sep 2018 :
Multi-surface cleaners and other commonly used household disinfectants could be making children overweight by altering the bacteria found in their guts, a new study suggests https://t.co/BD35bAKiOD (http://twitter.com/CNN/status/1041637904131518464?s=17)

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