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Architecture is both the process and the product of planning, designing, and constructing buildings or any other structures. Architectural works, in the material form of buildings, are often perceived as cultural symbols and as works of art. Historical civilizations are often identified with their surviving architectural achievements.


adding page this day (via darran rt):

Renovatio (@RenovatioOnline) tweeted at 10:40 AM – 25 Dec 2018 :
How does architecture reflect the identity of a society? What is the case for Syria?
Read: The Truth a Building Speaks by @marwa_alsabouni

Unlike our history books, our buildings cannot tell us false narratives. They are not only the embodiment of ambitious aspirations and imaginations but also the expressions of skills and power, as well as economic, social, and political victories. To be erected, buildings need more than brick and mortar; they need a hierarchy of crucial decisions, which are always preceded by long and tiring—and in most cases brutal—battles that occur in the social and political arenas of our societies.

These battles tell us what is important to a local community, or even if this community exists in the first place: Does it have a voice? Is it armed with proper awareness? ..There is no room for fake news in this process; the outcome—the buildings—speaks truth and nothing but truth.

 a look at the destruction and devastation in the fatherless society we have adopted points to the perils of such an illogical approach.

In Syria, we chose to build according to what was sold to us as “modern and progressive,” for which we traded our close-knit neighborhoods, our modest and inward houses, our unostentatious mosques and their neighboring churches, our collaborative and shared spaces, and our shaded courtyards and knowledge-cultivating corners, leaving us with isolated ghettos and faceless boxes.

Some Syrians identified the problem as losing our identity and fought the imported (and enforced) alternative, but reflexively they believed the solution to be to simply go back in time to an imagined point when we were creators, before we began to consume. ..Predictably, these efforts failed our identity further because they were rooted in mere mimicry, not the essence of what made the Islamic city and Islamic architecture “Islamic” in the first place. The builders of those old structures were not searching for identity; their identity was firmly rooted within them—they only had to express it.

for these medieval builders and city planners, it was simply good architecture, springing from their philosophy about themselves and the universe.

Moreover, the Islamic old cities had the unique quality of a layering approach—namely, the use of other civilizations’ elements, structures, and techniques to produce a new outcome. ..These buildings were embodiments of what the term urban fabric means: acts of interweaving society as well as stone.

The main drawback of promised progress, which has turned out to be a fertile ground for conflicts, is its failure to cultivate our inner expressions; through its foreign nature, it alienated our communities from themselves and shredded their lived realities.

The mold is carved according to Western measures, to what the West knows and to what it has experienced, not to what the people whose communities need “repairing” know or have experienced.


architecture for humanity – Cameron Sinclair – architecture for humanity

architecture – rebel architecture (doc)

empty buildings

living spaces