the stackstack 2stack 3

introduce to the term by Benjamin Bratton…  title of his forthcoming book.. the stack

[The Stack: On Software and Sovereignty. (MIT Press)]

from talk given in 2011 called – the nomos of the cloud.. via Benjamin:

18:40 – another nomos called the stack – that vast software and hardware formation – a proto mega structure about bits and atoms, literally circumscribing the planet..

which scales well and which (harps) on a common point..

22 min – the stack..

intermingling – swapping phase states, becoming harder/softer according to occult conditions.. composes both equilibrium and emergence… one oscillating into another in indecipherable and unaccountable rhythm.. territorializing and de-territorializing the same component for diagonal purposes.. but what is the state condition… and literally for governance.. what state does it describe in advance

the existing stack has 3 computing, ubiquitous computing and augmented reality

wikipedia small

In computer science, a stack is a particular kind of abstract data type or collection in which the principal (or only) operations on the collection are the addition of an entity to the collection, known as push and removal of an entity, known as pop. The relation between the push and pop operations is such that the stack is a Last-In-First-Out (LIFO) data structure. In a LIFO data structure, the last element added to the structure must be the first one to be removed. This is equivalent to the requirement that, considered as a linear data structure, or more abstractly a sequential collection, the push and pop operations occur only at one end of the structure, referred to as the top of the stack. Often a peek or top operation is also implemented, returning the value of the top element without removing it.

A stack may be implemented to have a bounded capacity. If the stack is full and does not contain enough space to accept an entity to be pushed, the stack is then considered to be in an overflow state. The pop operation removes an item from the top of the stack. A pop either reveals previously concealed items or results in an empty stack, but, if the stack is empty, it goes into underflow state, which means no items are present in stack to be removed.

A stack is a restricted data structure, because only a small number of operations are performed on it. The nature of the pop and push operations also means that stack elements have a natural order. Elements are removed from the stack in the reverse order to the order of their addition. Therefore, the lower elements are those that have been on the stack the longest.

The stack was first proposed in 1946, in the computer design of Alan M. Turing (who used the terms “bury” and “unbury”) as a means of calling and returning from subroutines. The Germans Klaus Samelson and Friedrich L. Bauer of Technical University Munich proposed the idea in 1955 and filed a patent in 1957. The same concept was developed, independently, by the Australian Charles Leonard Hamblin in the first half of 1957.



deep address


data ness

deep learning

the stack

What has planetary-scale computation done to our geopolitical realities? It takes different forms at different scales — from energy and mineral sourcing and subterranean cloud infrastructure to urban software and massive universal addressing systems; from interfaces drawn by the augmentation of the hand and eye to users identified by self — quantification and the arrival of legions of sensors, algorithms, and robots. Together, how do these distort and deform modern political geographies and produce new territories in their own image?

In The Stack, Benjamin Bratton proposes that these different genres of computation — smart grids, cloud platforms, mobile apps, smart cities, the Internet of Things, automation — can be seen not as so many species evolving on their own, but as forming a coherent whole: an accidental megastructure called The Stack that is both a computational apparatus and a new governing architecture. We are inside The Stack and it is inside of us.

In an account that is both theoretical and technical, drawing on political philosophy, architectural theory, and software studies, Bratton explores six layers of The Stack:Earth, Cloud, City, Address, Interface, User. Each is mapped on its own terms and understood as a component within the larger whole built from hard and soft systems intermingling — not only computational forms but also social, human, and physical forces. This model, informed by the logic of the multilayered structure of protocol “stacks,” in which network technologies operate within a modular and vertical order, offers a comprehensive image of our emerging infrastructure and a platform for its ongoing reinvention.

The Stack is an interdisciplinary design brief for a new geopolitics that works with and for planetary-scale computation. Interweaving the continental, urban, and perceptual scales, it shows how we can better build, dwell within, communicate with, and govern our worlds.

the stack to come:

link twitter

The Stack: On Software and Sovereignty (MIT Press, 2015) Benjamin H. Bratton

The Stack (@thestacktocome)

The Stack: On Software and Sovereignty (MIT Press, 2015) Benjamin H. Bratton

Benjamin H. Bratton (@bratton) tweeted at 11:59 AM on Mon, Sep 19, 2016:
on blockchains and The Stack

Lighthouse (@LighthouseArts) tweeted at 2:42 AM on Mon, Feb 22, 2016:
The Stack, by Benjamin H. Bratton, is a foundational book for the making of The Sprawl

Ann Lui (@paperarchitect) tweeted at 5:01 PM on Fri, Mar 04, 2016:
Hillary Clinton uses Frank Gehry as a model for new “geopolitical architectures,” in @bratton The Stack intro.

cittw (@cittw) tweeted at 6:00 AM on Sun, Mar 13, 2016:
Benjamin Bratton /// The Stack We Have and The Stack To Come: Designing Sovereignty & the Geopolitics of Computation

Ghazal Jafari (@gjafari) tweeted at 4:30 PM on Mon, Apr 04, 2016:
…on the medium of governance, from “Stack: On Software and Sovereignty” by @bratton

Annick Labeca (@ULGlobalCities) tweeted at 5:39 PM on Tue, Apr 05, 2016:
@bratton launching and discussing his new book the Stack: On Software & Sovereignty at sci-arc 04/13

MIT Press (@mitpress) tweeted at 0:16 PM on Tue, Apr 12, 2016:
The Stack-Mind-bending/utterly unique take on technology’s intersection w/& forced mutation of governance @bratton

Rachel Weidinger (@rachelannyes) tweeted at 0:53 PM on Fri, Apr 22, 2016:
“An infrastructural design brief, trying to represent the totality of…now.” – @bratton on The Stack #grayareafest

Rachel Weidinger (@rachelannyes) tweeted at 1:01 PM on Fri, Apr 22, 2016:
Stack terraforms host planet, drinking & vomiting elemental juices & spitting up mob. phones” @bratton #grayareafest