The Gaza Strip (/ˈɡɑːzəˈstrɪp/;Arabic: قطاع غزة Qiṭāʿ Ġazzah[qɪˈtˤɑːʕ ˈɣazza]), or simply Gaza, is a small self-governing Palestinian territory on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea, that borders Egypt on the southwest for 11 kilometers (6.8 mi) and Israelon the east and north along a 51 km (32 mi) border. Gaza, together with the West Bank, comprise the Palestinian territories claimed by the Palestinians as the State of Palestine. The territories of Gaza and the West Bank are separated from each other by Israeli territory. Both fall under the jurisdiction of the Palestinian Authority, but Gaza has since June 2007 been governed by Hamas, a Palestinian Islamic organization which came to power in free elections in 2006. It has been placed under an Israeli and U.S.-led international economic and political boycott from that time onwards.
The territory is 41 kilometers (25 mi) long, and from 6 to 12 kilometers (3.7 to 7.5 mi) wide, with a total area of 365 square kilometers (141 sq mi). With around 1.85 million Palestinians on some 362 square kilometers, Gaza ranks as the 3rd most densely populated polity in the world. An extensive Israeli buffer zone within the Strip renders much land off-limits to Gaza’s Palestinians. Gaza has an annual population growth rate of 2.91% (2014 est.), the 13th highest in the world, and is often referred to as overcrowded. The population is expected to increase to 2.1 million in 2020. By that time, Gaza may be rendered unliveable, if present trends continue. Due to the Israeli and Egyptian border closures and the Israeli sea and air blockade, the population is not free to leave or enter the Gaza Strip, nor allowed to freely import or export goods. Sunni Muslims make up the predominant part of the Palestinian population in the Gaza Strip.
Despite the 2005 Israeli disengagement from Gaza, the United Nations, international human rights organisations, and the majority of governments and legal commentators consider the territory to be still occupied by Israel, supported by additional restrictions placed on Gaza by Egypt. Israel maintains direct external control over Gaza and indirect control over life within Gaza: it controls Gaza’s air and maritime space, and six of Gaza’s seven land crossings. It reserves the right to enter Gaza at will with its military and maintains a no-go buffer zone within the Gaza territory. Gaza is dependent on Israel for its water, electricity, telecommunications, and other utilities.
When Hamas won the Palestinian legislative election, 2006, Fatah refused to join the proposed coalition, until a short-lived unity government agreement was brokered by Saudi Arabia. When this collapsed under joint Israeli and United States pressure, the Palestinian Authority instituted a non-Hamas government in the West Bank while Hamas formed a government on its own in Gaza. Further economic sanctions were imposed by Israel and the European Quartet against Hamas. A brief civil war between the two groups had broken out in Gaza when, apparently under a U.S.-backed plan, Fatah contested Hamas’s administration. Hamas emerged the victor and expelled Fatah-allied officials and members of the PA’s security apparatus from the Strip, and has remained the sole governing power in Gaza since that date.
adding page this day
Daniel Wickham (@DanielWickham93) tweeted at 3:33 PM – 26 Jun 2017 :
Useful UNOCHA fact sheet on the humanitarian impact of the Hamas-PA divide and ongoing Israeli blockade on Gaza: https://t.co/AahP3ON7Z3https://t.co/74GTUY6hGd (http://twitter.com/DanielWickham93/status/879452531654619137?s=17)
- In June 2007, following hostilities between Fatah and Hamas, the latter took control of the Gaza Strip, starting a divide between the West Bank-based Palestinian Authority (PA) and the de-facto Hamas authorities in Gaza, which still continues.
- Since 2014, all of the 22,000 civil servants recruited by the Hamas authorities have received less than half of their salaries, on an irregular basis. The other 62,000 staff in Gaza, who are on the PA’s payroll, had their salaries cut by 30-50% since March 2017.
- Due to internal disputes regarding the funding and taxation of fuel for the Gaza Power Plant (GPP), in April 2017 the plant shut down, but resumed partial operations in late June, on the basis of fuel purchased from Egypt.
- In May 2017, the PA decided to cut its payments for the electricity that Israel provides to Gaza; in June, Israel reduced its supply by 40%.
- As of 22 June, households and service providers in Gaza receive 4-6 hours of electricity a day.
- 186 critical facilities providing health, water and sanitation, and solid waste collection services are being supported by emergency fuel delivered by the UN; reserves are expected to last until October 2017.
- Due to delays in shipments from the West Bank and longstanding funding gaps, 34% of essential drugs at the Central Drug Store in Gaza are out of stock.
- The referral of over 1,400 patients to medical treatment outside Gaza has been disrupted since March 2017, following the PA’s apparent suspension of its payments for this service.
- Most families in Gaza only receive piped water for 6-8 hours, once every four days, due to insufficient power supply; desalination plants are functioning at 15% of their capacity.
- Over 108 million litres of almost totally untreated sewage are being discharged into the Mediterranean every day due to electricity and fuel shortages. l The Palestinian Civil Defense in Gaza, in charge of rescue operations during emergencies, can operate at less than 45% of its normal capacity, due to critical shortages in staff and equipment, partially due to PA budget cuts.
Jillian (@jilliancyork) tweeted at 3:59 AM – 10 Jul 2017 :
A reminder that Israel controls all of the infrastructure in Palestine. https://t.co/rmmMCXcuZd (http://twitter.com/jilliancyork/status/884351251462463488?s=17)
Cutting the electricity is a form of blocking access the Internet. Israel is doing so in Gaza.
Palestine, officially the State of Palestine is a de jure sovereign state in the Middle East claiming the West Bank and Gaza Strip with East Jerusalem as the designated capital although its administrative center is located in Ramallah.
Arjan El Fassed (@arjanelfassed) tweeted at 4:02 AM – 10 Jul 2017 :
@jilliancyork and a reminder that people in gaza are used as pawns by all authorities. (http://twitter.com/arjanelfassed/status/884352122510336000?s=17)
Molly Crabapple (@mollycrabapple) tweeted at 4:53 AM – 13 Jul 2017 :
“All thoughts of persistance and resistance end with the first egg that rots in your refrigerator” (Gaza is without power or drinking water) https://t.co/nxjdNWzTr1 (http://twitter.com/mollycrabapple/status/885452098229415936?s=17)
Oz Katerji (@OzKaterji) tweeted at 9:22 AM – 12 Jul 2017 :
My latest piece from the Gaza Strip https://t.co/ad0VFTWlfy (http://twitter.com/OzKaterji/status/885157521962541056?s=17)
艾未未 Ai Weiwei (@aiww) tweeted at 4:25 AM – 12 Jul 2017 :
Gaza conditions ‘unlivable’ 10 years into siege: UN | News | Al Jazeera https://t.co/hOvKQ4AHyU(http://twitter.com/aiww/status/885082751715733504?s=17)
Democracy Now! (@democracynow) tweeted at 6:38 AM – 19 Jul 2017 :
.@RajiSourani speaks from Gaza: “We are living in the biggest man-made disaster. Israel promised to send us to the Middle Ages and they did” https://t.co/x1NedKYIoy (http://twitter.com/democracynow/status/887652746396143616?s=17)
Democracy Now! (@democracynow) tweeted at 5:57 PM on Sat, Jan 13, 2018:
The siege in Gaza “has to end,” says @normfinkelstein. “The people of Gaza, after 50 godforsaken years, should have the right to breathe and live a normal life.” https://t.co/QtdfL5JUp3
Sherry Wolf (@SherryTalksBack) tweeted at 7:34 PM – 30 Mar 2018 :
Tonight, millions of Jews r celebrating Passover, a celebration of Jews fleeing slavery. The youngest asks, “Why is this night different from all other nights?” 2nite the parents of 15 Palestinians in Gaza are burying their children massacred by the Israeli state. #FreePalestine (http://twitter.com/SherryTalksBack/status/979894705554149376?s=17)
Glenn Greenwald (@ggreenwald) tweeted at 8:47 AM on Sun, Apr 01, 2018:
Imagine if an Arab-majority country were imprisoning 1.8 million Jews in a tiny open-air cage, preventing them from leaving, controlling all aspects of their deprived civic lives, then picking them off with snipers in the back when they protested. Might the reaction be different? https://t.co/y0UgTBjDS2
Glenn Greenwald (@ggreenwald) tweeted at 5:55 AM – 4 Apr 2018 :
Last week I recommended following @Joo_Gaza, a 24-year-old nursing student & activist living in Gaza who has been on the scene for the massacres. Now @jeremyscahill interviewed him for his podcast; please listen to what’s happening in Gaza; starts at 7:35 https://t.co/rqLuPO1dI7 (http://twitter.com/ggreenwald/status/981500614944395265?s=17)
Joey حسیني-أيوب (@joeyayoub) tweeted at 5:03 AM – 7 Apr 2018 :
The positive reviews of Blumenthal’s Gaza book are on his new book. Eva Bartlett’s ‘In Gaza’ blog used to support Assad. Palestine has always been a career choice for some people, one which is used to whitewash oppression, and we seriously need to stop denying that. (http://twitter.com/joeyayoub/status/982574472409550848?s=17)
Boniface Mwangi (@bonifacemwangi) tweeted at 6:25 AM – 8 Apr 2018 :
Gaza breaks my heart but the so called first world countries who have the power to stop apartheid #Israel from killing unarmed Palestinians only respond with action when it’s white people dying. #FreeGaza #apartheid https://t.co/tqkzD8GrQf (http://twitter.com/bonifacemwangi/status/982957603746705408?s=17)
short clip of Glenn on democracy now
Here’s the segment I did this morning on @DemocracyNow about what Israel is doing in Gaza https://t.co/OQK7W4Yz3K
Original Tweet: https://twitter.com/ggreenwald/status/983363402302095363
Ben White (@benabyad) tweeted at 2:16 AM – 12 Apr 2018 :
Gaza health officials published an update (30/3-7/4):
– 30 Palestinians killed (3 children) by Israeli forces
– 3,078 injured (445 children)
– 1,236 shot w/ live fire
– 300 w/ rubber-coated metal bullets
– 30 medics injured
– 1 journalist killed, 14 shot
Joseph Willits (@josephwillits) tweeted at 5:28 AM – 23 Apr 2018 :
If you’re a journalist covering Gaza, please do get in touch with @rohantalbot to be able to receive @MedicalAidPal’s incredibly important updates https://t.co/u7kt2MsTuq (http://twitter.com/josephwillits/status/988379188502638594?s=17)
Kenneth Roth (@KenRoth) tweeted at 4:39 AM – 12 May 2018 :
As Israel applauds US Embassy move to Jerusalem and its implicit erasure of the Israel-Palestine border https://t.co/8MoXzBuF63 Israel plans to shoot any Palestinian who crosses that border from Gaza https://t.co/2tWK2MUql2 https://t.co/mDWB3m46Ms (http://twitter.com/KenRoth/status/995252225067945984?s=17)
may 14 2018
مريم البرغوثي (@MariamBarghouti) tweeted at 5:13 AM – 14 May 2018 :
One of the 16 martyrs killed by Israeli forces in #Gaza is Anas Hamdan Qadeeh, merely 12 years young. #Palestine (http://twitter.com/MariamBarghouti/status/995985325557272576?s=17)
Oz Katerji (@OzKaterji) tweeted at 5:37 AM – 14 May 2018 :
What is happening in Gaza today is a bloodbath. It is cold blooded murder. And the blood is on the hands of the IDF and the Trump administration. (http://twitter.com/OzKaterji/status/995991576068395008?s=17)
Asaf Ronel (@AsafRonel) tweeted at 5:29 AM – 14 May 2018 :
#update: 18 Palestinians killed (including 14 & 16 year-old kids) & 918 injured during the protests in Gaza today – Gaza MoH. 448 Palestinians wounded by live Israeli ammo today – now over 2,500 shot with live ammo since the #GreatReturnMarch started https://t.co/AUuoU50MoF(http://twitter.com/AsafRonel/status/995989524441370626?s=17)
amnestypress (@amnestypress) tweeted at 5:35 AM – 14 May 2018 :
Reports of 16 people killed with live ammunition in #Gaza including a 12 and 14 yr old. These deaths appear to fit into a continuing pattern of excessive use of force, including use of live ammunition against unarmed protesters which must stop immediately. (http://twitter.com/amnestypress/status/995990940002275328?s=17)
TIME (@TIME) tweeted at 5:40 AM – 14 May 2018 :
Deadly Gaza protests cloud U.S. Embassy opening in Jerusalem
(((YousefMunayyer))) (@YousefMunayyer) tweeted at 5:40 AM – 14 May 2018 :
Another day of protest, another massacre as Israel guns down Palestinians with a green light from Washington. https://t.co/sxf7poik13(http://twitter.com/YousefMunayyer/status/995992360227131393?s=17)
David Klion (@DavidKlion) tweeted at 5:38 AM – 14 May 2018 :
What Israel is doing in Gaza is not complicated. It is immoral and inhuman. America is responsible for financing and arming Israel and for provoking these atrocities with Trump’s embassy move.
If you are Jewish and want to stand on the side of righteousness, follow @IfNotNowOrg. (http://twitter.com/DavidKlion/status/995991818704707584?s=17)
Omar Shakir (@OmarSShakir) tweeted at 5:44 AM – 14 May 2018 :
History will remember today as day US/Israeli officials celebrated embassy move as Israeli forces fired on unarmed Palestinians in Gaza, who they’ve kept caged in for decade, occupied for half century & blocked (refugees) from recognized right to return for 70 years. Black mark. https://t.co/Ijt6MWo9So (http://twitter.com/OmarSShakir/status/995993279081697280?s=17)
إبن بالدوين (@joeyayoub) tweeted at 6:22 AM – 14 May 2018 :
This means that the IDF will slaughter even more civilians in about 15 minutes. At least 28 killed so far and it’s just 3:22 pm there. https://t.co/rTqTQy5cQF (http://twitter.com/joeyayoub/status/996002741410566144?s=17)
Oz Katerji (@OzKaterji) tweeted at 6:32 AM – 14 May 2018 :
This was me in Gaza at a border protest in June last year. I could just as easily be one of those journalists bleeding out on the ground from a sniper’s bullet. The kids on those protests are not terrorists, they are just teenagers with hopes and dreams like the rest of us. https://t.co/fIYZOsRrH1(http://twitter.com/OzKaterji/status/996005399957594112?s=17)
إبن بالدوين (@joeyayoub) tweeted at 6:37 AM – 14 May 2018 :
Israelis and Americans enjoying their time around the embassy while Israeli troops slaughter Gazan civilians is actually the perfect metaphor for what is erroneously called a ‘conflict’. There is no conflict. Occupiers kill the occupied. https://t.co/ZnlmmYta8F (http://twitter.com/joeyayoub/status/996006550253850624?s=17)
إبن بالدوين (@joeyayoub) tweeted at 6:38 AM – 14 May 2018 :
Number of Palestinians killed by Israeli troops in Gaza already at 37. It’s 3:38pm there. (http://twitter.com/joeyayoub/status/996006812993425410?s=17)
إبن بالدوين (@joeyayoub) tweeted at 6:39 AM – 14 May 2018 :
Latest update already puts the killed at 37 https://t.co/RWIpEKYb9D Israel is literally allowed to slaughter as many civilians as it wants with absolutely no consequences (http://twitter.com/joeyayoub/status/996007118959497216?s=17)
(Pictures taken at the same time this afternoon) https://t.co/0ySzaGjQC9
Original Tweet: https://twitter.com/patrickgaley/status/996022872148709376
Correspondent @sharifkouddous, speaking from Gaza City, describes Israel’s military dropping tear gas on Palestinians from drones & firing fragmentation bullets which break apart on impact: “They have seen injuries with fist-sized holes in the exit wounds” https://t.co/qWdIrROzyR https://t.co/YUqCsniGFu
Original Tweet: https://twitter.com/democracynow/status/996105263512936448
CNN (@CNN) tweeted at 5:43 AM – 15 May 2018 :
There is a growing canyon between Israelis and Palestinians. Only about 50 miles (80 kilometers) separate Jerusalem from Gaza — a two-hour drive with traffic, and yet they are worlds apart. And that’s been on clear, stark display this week. https://t.co/nrX3fgWSQ2 (http://twitter.com/CNN/status/996355266949074945?s=17)
UN Human Rights (@UNHumanRights) tweeted at 9:09 AM – 14 May 2018 :
“Shocking killing of dozens, injury of hundreds by Israeli live fire in #Gaza must stop now. The right to life must be respected. Those responsible for outrageous human rights violations must be held to account. The int’l community needs to ensure justice for victims” – #Zeid. https://t.co/hBb7825Sp8 (http://twitter.com/UNHumanRights/status/996044858048557058?s=17)
Simone Zimmerman (@simonerzim) tweeted at 11:34 AM – 15 May 2018 :
In the heart of Tel Aviv, israelis are shutting down traffic, chanting that we don’t want another war. this is not a solution. no one is more safe because of this. end the occupation. end the siege. Jews and Arabs refuse to be enemies. In solidarity with Gaza. https://t.co/OXbygBFZgW(http://twitter.com/simonerzim/status/996443814679236610?s=17)
Sinan Antoon (@sinanantoon) tweeted at 6:10 AM – 15 May 2018 :
#Darwish on #Gaza “They might break its bones.They might throw it into the sea, sand, or blood. But it will not repeat lies and say “Yes” to invaders. It is neither death, nor suicide. It is Gaza’s way of declaring that it deserves to live. https://t.co/EF3XT5KxDF #palestine (http://twitter.com/sinanantoon/status/996362262909734914?s=17)
a suicide in gaza
AHMED SHIHAB-ELDIN (@ASE) tweeted at 6:44 AM – 19 May 2018 :
How the death of a talented young Palestinian writer brought to light a sharp rise in suicides. #heartbreaking #longread #gaza #mustread https://t.co/GM4guaeieg (http://twitter.com/ASE/status/997820338502238209?s=17)
In Gaza, even pregnant women have committed suicide, saying they don’t want to bring children into a life in Gaza. In April, a woman who was seven months pregnant slit her wrists.
Original Tweet: https://twitter.com/ASE/status/997830603079913472
On a single day in March, a girl of 15 & a boy of 16 both hanged themselves. Among the dead are men who despair bc they can’t support their families; women & children who are victims of abuse, often in situations of severe poverty & overcrowding. https://t.co/GM4guaeieg
Original Tweet: https://twitter.com/ASE/status/997830386729340929
“You suddenly realise you can’t be the person you want to be in Gaza. And you can’t show anyone outside who you are, because you can’t get out. So you can’t be the person you want to be.”
I asked Mohanned’s mother how she explained Gaza to a child. She said there was nothing to explain. “Children see for themselves. The checkpoints, bombings, house raids – they learn it’s the same for all of us.”
The rise in suicides is part of a much wider crisis of mental health in Gaza, he said. Almost 400,000 children are said by Unicef to be traumatised and in need of psychosocial support. Drug addiction, mostly to powerful painkillers, is rife. “The Israelis know this,” said Awadallah. “So the war being waged now is designed to break our resilience – not our resistance.”
Glenn Greenwald (@ggreenwald) tweeted at 5:48 AM – 20 May 2018 :
Also on that show, Jeremy spoke to Yousef Mema (@Joo_Gaza), a 24-year-old nursing student in Gaza who I urge you to follow. Yousef describes life in Gaza – including the events of the last week – with great intelligence, insight and compassion: https://t.co/0GhNetWzQx (http://twitter.com/ggreenwald/status/998168686157590528?s=17)
Larry Hanover (@larryhanover) tweeted at 5:56 AM – 20 May 2018 :
@ggreenwald @Joo_Gaza Not so much. Doctors Without Borders said most injuries were to lower body. (http://twitter.com/larryhanover/status/998170558956232704?s=17)
Glenn Greenwald (@ggreenwald) tweeted at 5:55 AM – 20 May 2018 :
Norman Finkelstein’s career as an academic was destroyed by Alan Dershowitz because of his criticisms of Israel. Read what he told @jeremyscahill about what Gaza is: this is what the US is supporting and long has enabled: https://t.co/BiMysec2SP (http://twitter.com/ggreenwald/status/998170361425465344?s=17)