Brazil (/brəˈzɪl/ ; Portuguese: Brasil [bɾaˈziw]), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil(Portuguese: República Federativa do Brasil,), is the largest country in both South Americaand Latin America. As the world’s fifth-largest country by area and sixth by population, it is the largest country to have Portuguese as an official language and the only one in the Americas. Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the east, Brazil has a coastline of 7,491 kilometers (4,655 mi) It borders all other South American countries except Ecuador and Chile and covers 47.3% of the continent’s land area. Its Amazon River basinincludes a vast tropical forest, home to diverse wildlife, a variety of ecological systems, and extensive natural resources spanning numerous protected habitats. This unique environmental heritage makes Brazil one of 17 megadiverse countries, and is the subject of significant global interest and debate regarding deforestation and environmental protection.
Brazil was inhabited by numerous tribal nations prior to the landing in 1500 of explorer Pedro Álvares Cabral, who claimed the area for the Portuguese Empire. Brazil remained a Portuguese colony until 1808, when the capital of the empire was transferred from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro. In 1815, the colony was elevated to the rank of kingdom upon the formation of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves. Independencewas achieved in 1822 with the creation of the Empire of Brazil, a unitary state governed under a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary system. The ratification of the first constitution in 1824 led to the formation of a bicameral legislature, now called the National Congress. The country became a presidential republic in 1889 following a military coup d’état. An authoritarian military junta came to power in 1964 and ruled until 1985, after which civilian governance resumed. Brazil’s current constitution, formulated in 1988, defines it as a democraticfederal republic. The federation is composed of the union of the Federal District, the 26 states, and the 5,570 municipalities.
Brazil’s economy is the world’s ninth-largest by nominal GDP and seventh-largest by GDP (PPP) as of 2016. A member of the BRICS group, Brazil until 2010 had one of the world’s fastest growing major economies, with its economic reforms giving the country new international recognition and influence. Brazil’s national development bank plays an important role for the country’s economic growth. Brazil is a founding member of the United Nations, the G20, BRICS, Unasul, Mercosul, Organization of American States, Organization of Ibero-American States and the CPLP. Brazil is a regional power in Latin America and a middle power in international affairs, with some analysts identifying it as an emerging global power. One of the world’s major breadbaskets, Brazil has been the largest producer of coffee for the last 150 years
adding page this day:
GRAIN (@GRAIN_org) tweeted at 6:16 AM – 18 Sep 2017 :
Transforming society as capitalism crumbles: Lessons from Brazil’s peasant movement @inthesetimesmag @via_campesina https://t.co/yMpkw6V3lxhttps://t.co/Bf7esAxh4P (http://twitter.com/GRAIN_org/status/909752867447300097?s=17)
A necessary step is the construction of massive unified struggles at a global level that can truly oppose and respond to the devastation wrought by the capitalist system throughout the world, not only in the appropriation of nature but also in the dismissal of rights and destruction of sovereignty. We can build movements that set the example, like the resistance of the people of Cuba and the struggle throughout Latin America and other parts of the world. Although these experiences are disjointed today, the challenge is precisely the need to articulate the various resistances in a single process, in a global articulation and action that can face capitalism.
begs a mech to model a nother way.. that 7 bn can leap to
Glenn Greenwald (@ggreenwald) tweeted at 5:20 AM – 14 Jan 2018 :
1/ In 1964, the US helped overthrow Brazil’s elected left-wing govt & replaced it with a brutal military dictatorship that ruled for 21 years. That US-supported regime murdered & tortured dissidents (including Dilma). US lied for years about its coup role https://t.co/hMRbBhV5cR(http://twitter.com/ggreenwald/status/952515832655032320?s=17)
2/ Documents slowly released over the last decade show that the torture techniques used against dissidents by the US-supported military dictatorship in Brazil were far more extreme and brutal than previously known. Many died in their prisons https://nsarchive2.gwu.edu/NSAEBB/NSAEBB478/ …
3/ Now, a new book is being released by a Brazilian historian that uses newly discovered documents to show that it was the UK Govt that played the key role in training the Brazilian military dictators how to use the worst torture techniques
4/ The worst part of this horrific story is what these docs prove were UK’s motives in training Brazil to torture: 1) it would help UK weapons manufacturers to sell arms & weapons to Brazil & 2) they used Brazilians as guinea pigs to learn how best to torture N. Ireland militants
Fabiana Cecin (@fabianacecin) tweeted at 5:23 AM – 14 Jan 2018 :
Brazil’s M3 is 5.5 trillion BRL. That’s 26,233 BRL per person, or 8,181 USD.
What this means is current money systems are *designed* to produce poverty. There is not enough money for everyone to not be poor. That’s by design! (http://twitter.com/fabianacecin/status/952516524857704449?s=17)
The Intercept (@theintercept) tweeted at 7:05 AM – 25 Jan 2018 :
The indictment against former Brazilian President Lula is rife with problems. https://t.co/ILGSppXIPq https://t.co/kduy5V4DXG(http://twitter.com/theintercept/status/956528387173924864?s=17)
You don’t have to love PT or worship Lula (or even think he’s “innocent”) to find the process used to destroy him very troubling. @alexcuadros is a vocal critic of PT (https://t.co/e7zNkSx0q7) yet lays out a very informed, strong critique here of Lula’s conviction. Worth reading: https://t.co/RDVpu4tXuE
Original Tweet: https://twitter.com/ggreenwald/status/956612214814838784