Public transport (also known as public transportation, public transit, or mass transit) is transport of passengers by group travel systems available for use by the general public, typically managed on a schedule, operated on established routes, and that charge a posted fee for each trip. Examples of public transport include city buses, trolleybuses, trams (or light rail) and passenger trains, rapid transit (metro/subway/underground, etc.) and ferries. Public transport between cities is dominated by airlines, coaches, and intercity rail. High-speed rail networks are being developed in many parts of the world.
Most public transport systems run along fixed routes with set embarkation/disembarkation points to a prearranged timetable, with the most frequent services running to a headway (e.g.: “every 15 minutes” as opposed to being scheduled for any specific time of the day). However, most public transport trips include other modes of travel, such as passengers walking or catching bus services to access train stations. Share taxis offer on-demand services in many parts of the world, which may compete with fixed public transport lines, or compliment them, by bringing passengers to interchanges. Paratransit is sometimes used in areas of low demand and for people who need a door-to-door service.
Urban public transit differs distinctly among Asia, North America, and Europe. In Asia, profit-driven, privately-owned and publicly traded mass transit and real estate conglomerates predominantly operate public transit systems. In North America, municipal transit authorities most commonly run mass transit operations. In Europe, both state-owned and private companies predominantly operate mass transit systems, Public transport services can be profit-driven by use of pay-by-the-distance fares or funded by government subsidies in which flat rate fares are charged to each passenger. Services can be fully profitable through high usership numbers and high farebox recovery ratios, or can be regulated and possibly subsidised from local or national tax revenue. Fully subsidised, free of charge services operate in some towns and cities.
For geographical, historical and economic reasons, differences exist internationally regarding use and extent of public transport. While countries in the Old World tend to have extensive and frequent systems serving their old and dense cities, many cities of the New World have more sprawl and much less comprehensive public transport. The International Association of Public Transport (UITP) is the international network for public transport authorities and operators, policy decision-makers, scientific institutes and the public transport supply and service industry. It has 3,400 members from 92 countries from all over the globe.
adding page this day:
Yonah Freemark (@yfreemark) tweeted at 1:29 PM – 21 Dec 2018 :
Just reminded myself that the distance between NYC and Chicago is almost exactly that between Beijing and Shanghai, and that the 1st is served by 1 train/day that takes 19 hours, and the 2nd is served by 35 trains/day that take as few as 4.5 hours. (http://twitter.com/yfreemark/status/1076213195319185412?s=17)
Pretty amazing. https://t.co/fnWr6tvCw2
Original Tweet: https://twitter.com/jseelybrown/status/1077037598076329984
video of train going 350 km/h (217 mph)
Yonah Freemark (@yfreemark) tweeted at 4:07 AM – 10 Jan 2019 :
Paris mayor announcing free transit for kids, plus free subscription to bike share for everyone under 18. https://t.co/Iw7kTp67eS(http://twitter.com/yfreemark/status/1083319405432455168?s=17)
Stéphane Erler (@TeaMastersBlog) tweeted at 6:04 AM – 10 Jan 2019 :
@yfreemark @ozAntinnippon Correction: Paris mayor announcing transit for kids and subscription to bike share for everyone under 18 are going to be funded by tax payers. (http://twitter.com/TeaMastersBlog/status/1083348771864379393?s=17)
CityLab (@CityLab) tweeted at 4:07 AM – 21 Jan 2019 :
Starting in September, Paris is making all public transit free for people under 11, including non-nationals. Preteens aren’t the only ones getting a bonus, either, @FeargusOSull writes. https://t.co/S6fdFx5Zch (http://twitter.com/CityLab/status/1087305723153997829?s=17)
Jeff Speck (@JeffSpeckAICP) tweeted at 7:01 AM – 17 Jan 2019 :
Uber has its benefits, but don’t mistake it for transit.
Alex Fisch (@AlexFischCC) tweeted at 7:02 PM – 2 Aug 2019 :
About every 7 months, Uber loses the equivalent of the cost of building a subway from UCLA to the San Fernando Valley! https://t.co/1mIH69cgSq (http://twitter.com/AlexFischCC/status/1157456628532170752?s=17)
World Economic Forum (@wef) tweeted at 5:00 AM – 4 Aug 2019 :
Traffic congestion cost the US economy nearly $87 billion in 2018 https://t.co/JAqA79y7VN #economics #unitedstates https://t.co/tiJsu2Fa2L (http://twitter.com/wef/status/1157969504380555270?s=17)
CityLab (@CityLab) tweeted at 4:56 AM – 14 Dec 2019 :
Kansas City will be the first major city in the United States to offer free public transportation, reports @mslaurabliss. https://t.co/aBKzqifPP4 (http://twitter.com/CityLab/status/1205818874513494017?s=17)
In practice, free transit fares has led to varied outcomes. Several smaller U.S. cities currently offer them, including ski centers such as Vail, Colorado, and university towns such as Chapel Hill, North Carolina.
Typically, they’ve experienced strong ridership growth. The largest U.S. city to have experimented with it was Austin, Texas. But when the Texas capital briefly went fare-free from 1989 to 1990, it saw “dramatic rates of vandalism, graffiti, and rowdiness” and escalating “vehicle maintenance and security costs” due to repairs from passenger abuse, according to a 2002 review of the program.
Most of the world’s fare-free transit systems are in Europe, including a number of towns in Poland and France. The Estonian city of Tallinn is the largest in the world to support such a program.
Jon Husband (@jonhusband) tweeted at 6:14 AM on Wed, Jan 29, 2020:
Short, succinct, clear and to the point .. @stoweboyd on the case for free public transit .. https://t.co/6VmaQctJfx
perhaps the best argument is the public benefit of reducing cars on the streets.
“In big cities, transit is an essential service, like police and water, without which nothing else is possible. Maybe that’s how we should measure its results,” writes @humantransit. https://t.co/9PM6bBAxPU
i don’t think we should be measuring results et al.. and i don’t think ie: police are an essential service.. and i don’t think transit would seem as essential if we let go of work.. et al.. but.. this is some good insight coming from virus ness:
What’s more, transit has always been doing that. Those “essential service” workers, who are overwhelmingly low-income, have always been there, moving around quietly in our transit systems, keeping our cities functioning. Too often, we have patronized them by calling them needy or dependent when in fact everything would collapse if they couldn’t get to work.
the term dependent has allowed us to imagine helpless people in need of our rescue, rather than people that we depend on to keep things running. Everyone who lives in a city, or invests in one, or lives by selling to urban populations is transit dependent in this sense
if we all drive cars out of a feeling of personal safety, we’ll quickly restore the congestion that strangles our cities, the emissions that poison us and our planet, and the appalling rates of traffic carnage that we are expected to tolerate.
In big cities, transit is an essential service, like police and water, without which nothing else is possible. Maybe that’s how we should measure its results.
again.. police, measuring, results.. not only no essential.. but cancerous.. ie: tragedy of the non common et al