human all too human
rejects the idea of a fixed human essence.
to be is tying up in becoming
17 min – most of us – esp that live in cities – tend to loose touch with our individuality.. end up leading inauthentic lives..
most of us lives a life of one.. one does this and that.. he’s saying no – the i is not one. … as this soap (consumerism) spreads.. it will be almost impossible for you to be you (one).
19 min – 1924 Hannah
1927 – being and time is published.. huge.
at age 39 – great reputation.. but w/in a few years – tarnishes it forever via politics
1933 – Hitler
27 min – Heidegger supporting sub-human ness..
28 min – brought universal authenticity to the streets – thought it was the realization of his own theory. thought Hitler needed a guide. himself. had succumbed to the delusion that he could play the role of philosopher king to Hitler. he believed if you got the right philosopher in the right place – things would work out well.
30 min – but the means was horrific – writing letters about people – ratting on them – to police… passing on of viscious gossip
34 min – Heidegger hugely influences an entire generation (youth) to follow Hitler
42 min – attempted suicide
43 min – resumed teaching – early 50s – he rose up like a star – miraculously – Hannah helped his reputation – the banality of evil ness – she says he is contrite – but not in any knowing way
46 min – Hannah never forgave him – but seemed to understand his explanations
yet – Heidegger never speaks out – apology – et al
Hannah Arendt was a student of Heidegger’s.
Martin Heidegger (German: [ˈmaɐ̯tiːn ˈhaɪdɛɡɐ]; 26 September 1889 – 26 May 1976) was a German philosopher, widely seen as a seminal thinker in the Continental tradition, particularly within the fields of existential phenomenology and philosophical hermeneutics. From his beginnings as a Catholic academic, he developed a groundbreaking and widely influential philosophy. His relationship with Nazism has been a controversial and widely debated subject.
For Heidegger, the things in lived experience always have more to them than what we can see; accordingly, the true nature of being is “withdrawal”. The interplay between the obscured reality of things and their appearance in what he calls the “clearing” is Heidegger’s main theme. The presence of things for us is not their being, but merely their being interpreted as equipment according to a particular system of meaning and purpose. For instance, when a hammer is efficiently used to knock in nails we cease to be aware of it. This is termed ‘ready to hand’, and Heidegger considers it an authentic mode. The ‘time’ in the title of his best-known work, Being and Time, refers to the way that the given features (‘past’) are interpreted in the light of their possibilities. Heidegger claimed philosophy and science since ancient Greece had reduced things to their presence, which was a superficial way of understanding them. Modern technology made things mere stockpiles of useful presence.
It has been suggested Heidegger’s championing of Nazism as university chancellor between 1933 and 1934 was motivated by his view that the Nazis did not share the technological worldview of American capitalism and Soviet communism. In the aftermath of World War II he was banned from teaching, and denounced by Karl Jaspers. Amid mounting pressure that included talk of confiscating his books, Heidegger suffered a minor nervous breakdown. He tearfully apologized for his misdeeds to a former mentor, by then an archbishop, but never made similar statements in public. He was rehabilitated and made a professor emeritus in 1951.
– – – –
from school of life:
being and time..
diagnosed humanity as suffering diseases of the soul:
1\ we’ve forgotten we’re alive .. not day to day in touch with daily existence… being..what we’re running away from is a confrontation w/the opposite of being – the nothing..
2\ we’ve forgotten that all being is connected..
3\ we forget to be free and to live for ourselves.. overcome this.. thrown ness… from in authenticity to authenticity… we follow the chatter.. they self rather than ourself…
supposed to ness
what will help us to pull away from they self..
when we realize others can’t save us from the nothing… we’ll stop living for them.. worrying about what they think.. give up lion shares of our lives to impress people..
overcome our geworfenheit (throwness)
become more conscious of das nichts (the nothing) day to day
escape the clutches of das gerede (the chatter)
for the sake of eigentlichtkeit (authenticity)
the question concerning tech – 23 page pdf – by Martin
[haven’t read all yet]
Basically, here’s how I see it: if you introduce Heidegger to a general reader with enthusiasm and don’t mention his unapologetic Nazism, sooner or later that reader will find out and feel betrayed. At which point, they will question your judgement — and possibly your political motives.
those aspects of Heidegger’s writing that make it so unreadable perfectly mirror the inhuman mechanisation, obsession with control, fear of the undefined,